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THE ROLE OF MUSIC IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST APARTHEID The Sound of Resistance.

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Presentation on theme: "THE ROLE OF MUSIC IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST APARTHEID The Sound of Resistance."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE ROLE OF MUSIC IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST APARTHEID The Sound of Resistance

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3 Song of protest

4 Pasopa Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Pasopa Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Pasopa Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Pasopa Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Pasopa Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Pasopa Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Pasopa Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Pasopa Nantsi ndodemnyama, Verwoerd Ndodemnyama we Verwoerd

5 Nkosi Sikelel’ i Afrika God bless Africa Malupakam’ upondo Iwayo Raise up her spirit Yiva imitandazo yetu Hear our prayers Usi - sikelele And bless us Sikelel’ amadol’ asizwe Bless the leaders Sikelela kwa nomlisela Bless also the young Ulitwal’ ilizwe ngomonde That they may carry the land with patience Uwusiki lele And that you may bless them Sikelel’ amalinga etu Bless our efforts Awonanyana nokuzaka Through learning and understanding Uwasikelele And bless them Yihla Moya~ Yihla Moya! Descend, Spirit! Yihla Moya Oyingcwele Descend, Holy Spirit! Nkosi Sikelel’I Afrika

6 The Bushman Unlike the Civil Rights Movement in the United States, the South African government was constantly banning music that they saw as offensive and against the beliefs of the country. South African musicians had to change their lyrics and depended on people’s interpretations to see other meanings of their lyrics. Steve Kekana released his song called “The Bushman” in The song’s literal translation is about a Bushman who teaches himself how to use a bow and arrow. “This fitted in well with apartheid notions of blacks as primitives and was consequently play on SABC, a local radio station” (Cloonan, M., “Policing Pop”). People of South Africa used symbolism to understand the true meaning of the song. People considered the “Bushman” to be the guerrillas of South Africa. Since their music was monitored, they depended on symbolism to convey the correct message and bring people together.

7 In nineteen twenty five A Bushman came alive Taught himself to shoot With a bow and arrow His will to stay alive Was burning him inside Day by day he'd hunt In search of wildlife Wo-ho, wo-ho, the Bushman Wo-ho, wo-ho, the Bushman He fights like a man should do He strives like a man should do He never cries He never lies He's just a simple man He lives under a tree Hides himself and sleeps His mind is tuned To be aware of danger He never makes mistakes Survival is his way At night he plays a song On a wooden kalimba Wo-ho, wo-ho, the Bushman He fights like a man should do He strives like a man should do He never cries He never lies He's just a simple man All he wants to be is friendly But nobody understands him He's never seen the world He's living in It makes me so sad Wo-ho, wo-ho, the Bushman Wo-ho, wo-ho, the Bushman The sun was beating down His feet were bare and strong He'd walk for miles and miles No heat exhaustion Wo-ho, wo-ho, the Bushman The Bushman

8 Toyi-Toyi The Soweto uprising in Stander -Un poliziotto scomodo (2003)

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10 THE ROLE OF MUSIC: THE INTERNATIONAL PRESSURE The Role of Music in South Africa's Anti-Apartheid Movemen

11 The Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute was a popular-music concert staged on June 11, 1988 at Wembley Stadium, London and broadcast to 67 countries and an audience of 600 million. It was also referred to as Freedomfest, Free Nelson Mandela Concert and Mandela Day.

12 StingSting (introduced by Harry Belafonte) – "If You Love Somebody Set Them Free", "They Dance Alone", "Every Breath You Take", "Message in a Bottle"Harry BelafonteIf You Love Somebody Set Them FreeThey Dance AloneEvery Breath You TakeMessage in a Bottle George MichaelGeorge Michael (introduced by Lenny Henry) – "Village Ghetto Land", "If You Were My Woman", "Sexual Healing"Lenny HenrySexual Healing EurythmicsEurythmics (introduced by Richard Gere) – "I Need a Man", "There Must Be an Angel (Playing with My Heart)", "Here Comes the Rain Again", "You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart", "When Tomorrow Comes", "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)", "Brand New Day"Richard GereI Need a ManThere Must Be an Angel (Playing with My Heart)Here Comes the Rain AgainYou Have Placed a Chill in My HeartWhen Tomorrow ComesSweet Dreams (Are Made of This) Graham ChapmanGraham Chapman - speech Tracy ChapmanTracy Chapman (1st appearance) - "Why?", "Behind the Wall", "Talkin' Bout a Revolution"Talkin' Bout a Revolution Bee GeesBee Gees - "You Win Again", "I've Gotta Get a Message to You"You Win AgainI've Gotta Get a Message to You UB40UB40 (introduced by Gregory Hines) - "Rat in Mi Kitchen", "Red Red Wine"Gregory HinesRat in Mi KitchenRed Red Wine "I Got You Babe", "Breakfast in Bed", "Sing Our Own Song"I Got You Babe Hugh MasekelaHugh Masekela/Miriam Makeba - "Soweto Blues"Miriam Makeba Miriam Makeba - "Pata Pata"Pata Simple MindsSimple Minds (introduced by Emily Lloyd & Denzel Washington) - "Waterfront« "Summertime Blues« "Mandela Day", "Sanctify Yourself", "East at Easter", "Alive and Kicking"Emily LloydDenzel WashingtonWaterfrontSummertime BluesMandela DayAlive and Kicking Peter GabrielPeter Gabriel, Simple Minds & Youssou N'Dour - "Biko"Simple MindsYoussou N'DourBiko Steven van ZandtSteven van Zandt, Simple Minds, Peter Gabriel, Meat Loaf, Jackson Browne, Youssou N'Dour & Daryl Hannah - "Sun City"Simple MindsPeter GabrielMeat LoafJackson BrowneYoussou N'DourDaryl HannahSun City Jerry DammersJerry Dammers, Simple Minds - "Free Nelson Mandela"Simple MindsFree Nelson Mandela Whitney HoustonWhitney Houston (introduced by Corbin Bernsen and Jennifer Beals) - "Didn't We Almost Have It All", "Love Will Save the Day", "So Emotional", "Where Do Broken Hearts Go", "How Will I Know", "He/I Believe" (duet with her mother Cissy Houston), "I Wanna Dance with Somebody", "Greatest Love of All"Corbin BernsenJennifer BealsDidn't We Almost Have It AllLove Will Save the DaySo EmotionalWhere Do Broken Hearts GoHow Will I KnowCissy HoustonI Wanna Dance with SomebodyGreatest Love of All Derek BDerek B - "Free Mandela" Stevie WonderStevie Wonder - "I Just Called to Say I Love You", speech, "Dark 'n Lovely"I Just Called to Say I Love You Dire StraitsDire Straits featuring Eric Clapton (introduced by Billy Connolly) - "Walk of Life", "Sultans of Swing", "Romeo and Juliet", "Money for Nothing", "Brothers in Arms", "Wonderful Tonight", "Solid Rock"Eric ClaptonBilly ConnollyWalk of LifeSultans of SwingRomeo and JulietMoney for NothingBrothers in ArmsWonderful Tonight Jessye NormanJessye Norman - "Amazing Grace" (Finale)Amazing Grace

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14 September '77 Port Elizabeth weather fine It was business as usual In police room 619 Oh Biko, Biko, because Biko Yihla Moja, Yihla Moja -The man is dead When I try to sleep at night I can only dream in red The outside world is black and white With only one colour dead Oh Biko, Biko, because Biko Yihla Moja, Yihla Moja -The man is dead You can blow out a candle But you can't blow out a fire Once the flames begin to catch The wind will blow it higher Oh Biko, Biko, because Biko Yihla Moja, Yihla Moja -The man is dead And the eyes of the world are watching now

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16 It was 25 years they take that man away Now the freedom moves in closer every day Wipe the tears down from your saddened eyes They say Mandela's free so step outside Oh oh oh oh Mandela day Oh oh oh oh Mandela's free It was 25 years ago this very day Held behind four walls all through night and day Still the children know the story of that man And I know what's going on right through your land 25 years ago … If the tears are flowing wipe them from your face I can feel his heartbeat moving deep inside It was 25 years they took that man away And now the world come down say Nelson Mandela's free … The rising suns sets Mandela on his way It's been 25 years around this very day From the one outside to the ones inside we say … 25 years ago What's going on And we know what's going on Cos we know what's going on

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18 Free Nelson Mandela 21 years in captivity Shoes too small to fit his feet His body abused, but his mind is still free You're so blind that you cannot see Free Nelson Mandela Visited the causes at the AMC Only one man in a large army You're so blind that you cannot see You're so deaf that you cannot hear him Free Nelson Mandela 21 tears in captivity You're so blind that you cannot see You're so deaf that you cannot hear him You're so dumb that you cannot speak Free Nelson Mandela Free free Free free free Nelson Mandela

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20 We're rockers and rappers united and strong We're here to talk about South Africa we don't like what's going on It's time for some justice it's time for the truth We've realized there's only one thing we can do I ain't gonna play Sun City Relocation to phony homelands Separation of families I can't understand 23 million can't vote because they're black We're stabbing our brothers and sisters in the back I ain't gonna play Sun City Our government tells us we're doing all we can Constructive Engagement is Ronald Reagan's plan Meanwhile people are dying and giving up hope This quiet diplomacy ain't nothing but a joke I ain't gonna play Sun City Boputhuswana is far away But we know it's in South Africa no matter what they say You can't buy me I don't care what you pay Don't ask me Sun City because I ain't gonna play I ain't gonna play Sun City It's time to accept our responsibility Freedom is a privilege nobody rides for free Look around the world baby it can't be denied Why are we always on the wrong side I ain't gonna play Sun City Relocation to phony homelands Separation of families I can't understand 23 million can't vote because they're black We're stabbing our brothers and sisters in the back

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22 There was a full moon on the golden city Looking at the door was the man without pity Accusing everyone of conspiracy Tightening the curfew, charging people with walking Yes, the border is where he was awaiting Waiting for the children, frightened and running A handful got away but all the others Hurried their chain without any publicity Just a little atrocity, deep in the city Soweto blues, soweto blues Soweto blues, abu yethu a mama Soweto blues, they are killing all the children Soweto blues, without any publicity Soweto blues, oh, they are finishing the nation Soweto blues, while calling it black on black Soweto blues but everybody knows they are behind it Soweto blues, without any publicity Soweto blues, they are finishing the nation Soweto blues, god, somebody, help Soweto blues (Abu yethu a mama) Soweto blues The children got a letter from the master It said, no more Xhosa, Sotho, no more Zulu Refusing to comply they sent an answer That's when the policemen came to the rescue Children were dying, bullets flying The mothers screaming and crying The fathers were working in the cities The evening news brought out all the publicity Just a little atrocity, deep in the city Soweto blues, soweto blues Benikuphi ma madoda (Where were the men?) Abantwana beshaywa (When the children were throwing stones) Ngezimbokodo mabedubula abantwana (When the children were being shot) Benikhupi na (Where were you?)

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26 She got supporters in high up places Who turn their heads to the city sun Jo'anna give them the fancy money Oh to tempt anyone who'd come She even knows how to swing opinion In every magazine and the journals For every bad move that this Jo'anna makes They got a good explanation Even the preacher who works for Jesus The Archbishop who's a peaceful man Together say that the freedom fighters Will overcome the very strong I wanna know if you're blind Jo'anna If you wanna hear the sound of drum Can't you see that the tide is turning Oh don't make me wait till the morning come Well Jo'anna she runs a country She runs in Durban and the Transvaal She makes a few of her people happy, oh She don't care about the rest at all She's got a system they call apartheid It keeps a brother in a subjection But maybe pressure will make Jo'anna see How everybody could a live as one Gimme hope, Jo'anna Hope, Jo'anna Gimme hope, Jo'anna 'Fore the morning come Gimme hope, Jo'anna Hope, Jo'anna Hope before the morning come I hear she makes all the golden money To buy new weapons, any shape of guns While every mother in black Soweto fears The killing of another son Sneakin' across all the neighbours' borders Now and again having little fun She doesn't care if the fun and games she play Is dang'rous to ev'ryone

27 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fmf9ZJ_Yn0A&list=RDFmf9ZJ_Yn0A

28 THE ROLE OF MUSIC IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST APARTHEID The Sound of Resistance

29 Nkosi sikelel' iAfrika Maluphakanyisw' uphondo lwayo, Yizwa imithandazo yethu, Nkosi sikelela, thina lusapho lwayo. The role of music in the struggle against apartheid The Sound of Resistance

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