2Union Victories in the West *Union General: Ulysses S. Grant *Under Grant, Union forces captured two Confederate river forts in Tenn. -Fort Henry -Fort Donelson *Importance: opened up a river highway into the heart of the South!
3*Union gunboats could now travel on the river as far as northern Alabama! *As a result of Grant’s victories, Confederate troops retreated along the Western front….BUT Grant followed!
4Battle of Shiloh *April 1862: near Shiloh Church in Tenn. -North won but at a terrible cost-Dead/wounded Union soldiers: >13,000-Dead/wounded Confederate soldiers: around 11,000*Battle with highest casualties so far.
5The Fall of New Orleans*New Orleans was the largest city in the South.*Union fleet captured New Orleans – HUGE blow to the South!*After the victories in Tenn. And New Orleans, the Union controlled most of the Miss. River.*North on its way to cutting the Confederacy in two.
7Robert E. Lee Claims Victories in the East *Seven Days’ Battles: June 25 to July 1, 1862 Union and Confederate forces fought for control of Virginia.-Union forces retreated!*August 1862 – Confederates won a second victory at Bull Run.*Union troops retreated to Washington!*In just a few months, Lee ended the Union threat in Virginia!
8Lee Attacks the North*Encouraged by his victories, Lee invaded the North *Sept – led troops into Maryland *Several reasons for attacking North: -Hoped a victory would force Lincoln to talk peace
9-Invasion would give Virginia farmers a break from the war during harvest season -Hoped a successful invasion would convince Europe to side with the South (Britain and France impressed by Lee’s victories)
10Battle of Antietam*Soon after invading Maryland, Lee drew up a plan for his campaign in the North *Officer accidentally left a copy of Lee’s battle plans *When Union troops stopped to rest at the abandoned campsite, the plans were discovered! *This gave the Union army an advantage!
11Union troops caught up with Confederate troops on Sept *Union troops caught up with Confederate troops on Sept. 17, 1862 at Antietam Creek, Maryland *Bloodiest day in all of American history. *By nightfall neither side gained any ground *About 25,000 men were dead/wounded *Lee lost 1/3 of his men and withdrew to Virginia
12*Union army did not follow and finish the job! *Abraham Lincoln was so fed up he fired General McClellan.