later 后来；以后 New words after 和 later 这两个词都有 “ 在 …… 之后 ” 的意义， 区别如下： 1 ） after 表示以过去的某一时间为起点， “ 过 …… 之后 ” ，其后既可接时间点，又可接 时间段。如： He left there after two o’clock that afternoon ．那天下午两点以 后，他离开了那儿。 2 ） later 指 “ 以后 ” 、 “ 后来 ” ，可以指过去，也可 指将来，是副词，常常放在时间段的名词 之后。如： Three days later he got to Beijing ．他三天以后到达了北京。
loudly 大声地 New words 副词 loudly 是由形容词 loud 加后缀 -ly 构成的，用来修饰动词。如： Answer my question loudly. 大声地回答我的问题。
1 Read the rules in the chart below. Then match the pictures [a-d] with the rules. ___ Don’t watch TV after school. ___ Don’t go out on school nights. ___ Do your homework after school. ___ Practice your guitar every day. d a b c
2a Listen and number [1-4] the rules above in the order you hear them. ___ Don’t watch TV after school. ___ Don’t go out on school nights. ___ Do your homework after school. ___ Practice your guitar every day. 4 1 2 3
Listen again. What rules do Dave and Emily have? Put checks under “Emily” or “Dave”. RulesEmilyDave Don’t watch TV after school. Don’t go out on school nights. Do your homework after school. Practice your guitar every day. 2b
2a,2b Tapescript Dave: Can you go to the movies tonight, Emily? Emily: No, I can’t. I can’t go out on school nights. Dave: Oh, that’s too bad. I can go out, but I have to be home by ten o’clock. Emily: You’re lucky. I have so many rules… Dave: Like what? Emily: I can’t hang out with my friends after school. Dave: Really?
2a,2b Tapescript Emily: Yeah, I have to do my homework after school. Dave: Oh, I do, too. And I have to practice my guitar every day. Emily: Well, I have to clean my room every weekend. Dave: Ugh. Emily: And I can’t watch TV after school. Dave: I can’t, either.
Listen to the tape first, then talk about your rules. Amy: Hello, Ian. Ian: Hi, Amy. What are your rules? Amy: Well, I can’t watch TV in the evening. And I can’t go out on school nights. Then I have to do my homework every night. What about you? Ian: I can’t play football at noon. I have to have a good rest at noon. And I can’t watch TV in the evening and I have to do my homework every night. Then I have to practice guitar every day. Practice
Discuss about the rules for the public places and make the rules.
Make the school library rules. No food! No wet umbrellas! No listening to music! No talking! No school bags!
Dear Dr Know, I’m not happy. I have too many rules in my house. I have to get up at six o’clock every morning. I can’t meet my friends after school because I have to do my homework. I can’t watch TV on school nights. And I have to be in bed by ten o’clock. On weekends, I have to clean my room and wash my clothes. Then I have to help my mom make dinner. Later I have to go to the children’s palace to learn the piano. I never have any fun. What can I do? Zhao Pei Read the letter and write the list of rules in Zhao Pei’s house. 3a
Zhao Pei’s Rules get up at 6 o’clock can’t meet her friends after school has to do my homework can’t watch TV on school nights has to be in bed by ten o’clock has to clean her room and wash her clothes on weekends has to help her mom make dinner has to go to the children’s palace to learn the piano 3a
I have too many rules in my house. 句中的 too many 意为 “ 太多 ” ，后面要接可数名词 的复数形式； too much 也有 “ 太多的 ” 的意思，其 后面要接不可数名词。如： Don’t give him too much money. 不要给他太多钱。 There are too many people in the supermarket. 超市里有太多人了。 Explanation
And I have to be in bed by ten o’clock. be in bed 意为 “ 卧床；睡觉 ” 。如： Jack is ill in bed. 杰克卧病在床。 介词 by 的意思是 “ 在 …… 前；到 …… 为止 ” 。如： We have to arrive at school by 8:00 tomorrow morning. 明天早上八点前我们必须到学校。 Explanation
Do you know the rules for the school library? No school bags! No talking! No wet umbrellas!No listening to music! No food!
No talking! “No + 名词 / V-ing 形式 ” 表示 “ 禁止或不许 做某事 ” 。此类句型常用于一些警示语中， 相当于一个否定祈使句。如： No photos! 禁止拍照！ No smoking! 禁止吸烟！ Explanation
看图完成对话。 A: Do you have a library at school? B: Yes, we do. And we have for school library. A: What are they? B: We have to keep quiet in the.We have to put our umbrella__________. We can’t_________________, __________or listen to the music in it. rules library outside take school bags Practice eat food
用所给词的适当形式填空。 rule, practice, join, after, lucky, for, on, read, by, early Emily has so many _____.She has to do her homework ______ school. She can’t go out _____ school night. She has to wash the dishes after dinner, then she can watch TV _____ half an hour. She likes______. She usually reads at night. She has to be in bed ____ ten o’clock because she has to get up_____ the next morning. She_____ a music club. She has to _________her guitar every day. She doesn’t think she’s_______. rules after for reading by earlyjoins practice lucky on Practice
Homework Do you have family rules? Who made the rules? Do you think some of the rules are not fair? Do you want to make some rules for your parents? Write a letter to your parents and let them know your ideas.