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14 1) the same 2) twice as much 3) four times as much 4) half as much 5) you gain no PE in either case Two paths lead to the top of a big hill. One is steep and direct, while the other is twice as long but less steep. How much more potential energy would you gain if you take the longer path?

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How does the work required to stretch a spring 2 cm compare with the work required to stretch it 1 cm? 1) same amount of work 2) twice the work 3) 4 times the work 4) 8 times the work15

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A mass attached to a vertical spring causes the spring to stretch and the mass to move downwards. What can you say about the spring’s potential energy (PE s ) and the gravitational potential energy (PE g ) of the mass? 1) both PE s and PE g decrease 2) PE s increases and PE g decreases 3) both PE s and PE g increase 4) PE s decreases and PE g increases 5) PE s increases and PE g is constant16

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17 Three balls of equal mass start from rest and roll down different ramps. All ramps have the same height. Which ball has the greater speed at the bottom of its ramp? 1 4) same speed for all balls 2 3

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18 A truck, initially at rest, rolls down a frictionless hill and attains a speed of 20 m/s at the bottom. To achieve a speed of 40 m/s at the bottom, how many times higher must the hill be? 1) half the height 2) the same height 3) 2 times the height 4) twice the height 5) four times the height

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x19 A box sliding on a frictionless flat surface runs into a fixed spring, which compresses a distance x to stop the box. If the initial speed of the box were doubled, how much would the spring compress in this case? 1) half as much 2) the same amount 3) 2 times as much 4) twice as much 5) four times as much

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20 1) Paul 2) Kathleen 3) both the same Paul and Kathleen start from rest at the same time on frictionless water slides with different shapes. At the bottom, whose velocity is greater?

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You see a leaf falling to the ground with constant speed. When you first notice it, the leaf has initial total energy PE i + KE i. You watch the leaf until just before it hits the ground, at which point it has final total energy PE f + KE f. How do these total energies compare? 1) PE i + KE i > PE f + KE f 2) PE i + KE i = PE f + KE f 3) PE i + KE i < PE f + KE f 4) impossible to tell from the information provided21

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23 1) Mike 2) Joe 3) both did the same work Mike applied 10 N of force over 3 m in 10 seconds. Joe applied the same force over the same distance in 1 minute. Who did more work?

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Mike performed 5 J of work in 10 secs. Joe did 3 J of work in 5 secs. Who produced the greater power? 1) Mike produced more power 2) Joe produced more power 3) both produced the same amount of power24

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Engine #1 produces twice the power of engine #2. Can we conclude that engine #1 does twice as much work as engine #2? 1) yes 2) no25

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1) energy 2) power 3) current 4) voltage 5) none of the above26 When you pay the electric company by the kilowatt-hour, what are you actually paying for?

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27 Which contributes more to the cost of your electric bill each month, a 1500-Watt hair dryer or a 600-Watt microwave oven? 1) hair dryer 2) microwave oven 3) both contribute equally 4) depends upon what you cook in the oven 5) depends upon how long each one is on 1500 W 600 W

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