Patient data Name: 陳 ○ 富 Sex: 男 Age: 71 歲 Date of admission: 96/08/09 Chart No: 04095119
Case present Chief complaint Sudden onset of R ’ t chest pain followed by dyspnea this morning.
Present illness (1) This 71 y/o male has a history of pulmonary TB with medical treatment from 96/06/18. This morning (96/08/09), after breakfast, he sat on a chair for rest. At that time, he had mild cough. Then, sudden onset of R ’ t chest pain followed by dyspnea was noted.
Present illness (2) Therefore, he was sent to our ER at 9:30 am. According to his statement, the chest pain and dyspnea was partially relieved by setting up and was exacerbated by lying flat. Besides, he denied fever, chills or abdominal pain.
Flow chart (1) 9:30 am Arrived at ER 10:30 am At ER, chest X-ray was performed and showed pneumothorax in the right side at 10:30 am. Therefore, chest tube was inserted.
CXR at 10:30 am Right pneumothorax with collapse of right lung
CXR on 96/5/31 No change of postinflammatory fibrosis, calcified granulomas and emphysema of both lungs.
Flow chart (2) 12:05 am However, poor function of the chest tube was noted. Then, CXR was performed again.
CXR at 12:05 am Interval mild worsening of right pneumothorax with collapse of right lung.
Flow chart (3) 13:30 pm Then, chest CT showed: (1) Right hydropneumothorax post right chest tube insertion. (2) the tip of chest tube was within right inner chest wall. (not insertion into pleural space yet). (3) pleural effusion in bilateral lung with the R ’ t side much more than L ’ t side.
Flow chart (4) Due to malposition of chest tube, chest tube was revised. 18:55 pm CXR showed: The lung expanded partially after the second chest tube inserted. Then, he was transferred to chest ward for further treatment.
CXR at 18:55 pm 1.Right hydropneumothorax with collapse of right lung S/P right chest tube insertion. 2. Mild progression of left pleural effusion.
CXR 8/10 -- 11:10 am Persistent insertion of right chest tube and interval partial resolution of right pneumothorax.
Past history 1. DM: denied 2. Hypertension: denied 3. Pulmonary TB (+): treatment was started on 96/06/18 4. Smoking: 1 PPD/day for more than 40 years, have quitted for 2 years. 5.Alcohol: social, have quitted 6.Allergy: denied
Physical examination (1) Consciousness: clear, E4V5M6 Conjunctiva: not pale, sclera: not icteric Neck: lymphadenopathy (-) Chest: symmetric expansion Breathing sound: decreased in the R ’ t side Percussion of chest: hyperresonance in R ’ t lung field normal resonance in L ’ t side Heart sound: RHB, no murmur
Physical examination (2) Abdomen: soft and not distended Palpation: no tenderness point, impalpable liver or spleen Percussion: tympanic Bowel sound: normoactive Costovertebral angle knocking pain: (-) Extremities: no pitting edema Sin: ok, no dry