Presentation on theme: "Influenza A (H1N1) Virus & Pandemic Preparedness Generic H1N1 presentation developed for UN staff by Dr. Esther Tan, MSD, UNNY (Please customize."— Presentation transcript:
1 Influenza A (H1N1) Virus & Pandemic Preparedness Generic H1N1 presentation developed for UN staff by Dr. Esther Tan, MSD, UNNY (Please customize for your own needs)
2 What is the Influenza A (H1N1) Virus? H1N1 is a completely new strain of influenza or “flu” virusGenetic material from pig, bird and human combined to form this new strainCan spread from person-to-person through coughing or sneezing of ill personsDespite term “swine flu”: Infections not associated with contact with pigs or pork meat
3 So What? This new influenza virus has already sparked a pandemic A pandemic is world-wide epidemicResults from emergence of a new virus in which overall population has that no immunitySeverity can vary33
4 Past Influenza Pandemics Last Pandemic was ≈ 40 yrs ago, in 1968.... 18471889191819571968185042 yrs29 yrs39 yrs11 yrsPandemic usually occur every 30 – 40 years190019502000Last Pandemic was ≈ 40 yrs ago, in4
6 WHO Pandemic Phase 6“Phase 6, the pandemic phase, is characterized by community level outbreaks in at least one other country in a different WHO region in addition to the criteria defined in Phase 5.Designation of this phase will indicate that a global pandemic is under way.” WHO
7 What We Know About Pandemics More than one pandemic wave likelyCan be weeks or months between wavesSeverity of waves unpredictable: subsequent wave could be worse than firstTypically affects young, healthy adults (unlike regular seasonal flu)
8 Why Must the UN Prepare?A severe pandemic can have great impact on the organizationSocial disruption due to fear and panic in communityRoutine life may be affectedHigh absenteeism everywhere – staff focus on own families’ healthIn March 2006, the Secretary-General directed all UN offices to prepare for a pandemic88
9 But We Don’t Act Alone….The UN works closely with the national, state and city health and emergency authoritiesSome of the public health responses by host country/city authorities may include:Distribution of medical suppliesSome restrictions on transportationSchool/child care closuresCancelling of public gatheringsIsolation / quarantine ofpersons at home99
11 1. Practice Personal Hygiene Wash hands oftenCover coughs and sneezes
12 Value of Proper Handwashing Unwashed handWashed hand
13 2. Practice Social Distancing Avoid close contact will ill personsStay home if ill
14 3. Heed Travel Advice No Travel Restrictions Practice personal hygiene Seek medical care if you feel sick during travelAfter return from travel, monitor your health for 7 daysPractice personal hygieneWash hands and cover coughs and sneezes
15 4. Have Self Care Knowledge Know how to care for yourself or others at homeKnow the symptoms of mild and severe influenza
16 What Are the Symptoms of Flu? Similar to regular seasonal flu symptomsFever (often >101oF), chills, dry cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, extreme tiredness, runny nose/nasal congestionFor H1N1, may get nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
17 What Should I Do If I have Mild Symptoms? Current outbreak: Majority of mild cases recovered without any treatmentCurrent recommendation:If no underlying conditions: Rest at homeIf at higher risk of severe disease: See a doctorPeople at higher risk of severe disease:Those > 65 years, or < 2 years of ageAnyone with lung, heart, kidney, liver or blood disorders, or diabetesAnyone with a weak immune system, possibly due to illness or medicationPregnant womenThose on long-term aspirin therapy.
18 When To Seek Emergency Care? Anyone who:Has difficulty breathing or chest painHas purple or blue discoloration of the lipsIs vomiting and unable to keep liquids downHas seizures (uncontrolled fits)Is less responsive than normal or becomes confusedHas signs of dehydration:dizziness when standing, absence of urination, or in infants a lack of tears when crying
19 Getting Prepared: Choosing A Local Health Care Provider Search for and contact a local health care provider near where you live:Use network of participating physicians under your health insurance plan to identify your doctor (http://www.un.org/Depts/oppba/accounts/insurance/healthPlans.htm ).
23 Antiviral Medication (e.g. oseltamivir) Can reduce severe symptoms of fluCurrently not recommended for mild illness, unless are at “higher risk” of severe symptomsUN has stockpiled an amountDue to limited medical resources in the UN Medical Services, staff should contact your local health provider for first line health services2323
24 When To Use A Surgical Mask? WHO: No evidence that wearing masks in community setting is effectiveCurrently recommended only for ill persons and in health care settings and medical staff caring for suspected patientsNevertheless, individuals may wish to wear it – but must remember it should be combined with other public health measures2424
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