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At the Bedside. 1.Identify the appropriate procedure for collecting and labeling specimens. 2.Define patient identification requirements at sample collection.

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Presentation on theme: "At the Bedside. 1.Identify the appropriate procedure for collecting and labeling specimens. 2.Define patient identification requirements at sample collection."— Presentation transcript:

1 At the Bedside

2 1.Identify the appropriate procedure for collecting and labeling specimens. 2.Define patient identification requirements at sample collection time. 3.Identify ways to comply with specimen labeling requirements in the event no computer-generated labels are available (computer system is down or specimens in Triage area before orders are entered.) 4.Understand the accountability process associated with a mislabeled specimen. Objectives

3 At the Bedside In order to ensure patient safety we must double check and label specimens, medications, blood or expressed breast milk while At the Bedside. Doing this At the Bedside allows us to compare the product to the ID band and ensure we are providing the right service or treatment to the right patient.

4 Lab Specimen Labeling The first topic we will address is lab specimen labeling. – Labeling lab specimens At the Bedside facilitates quality patient care by decreasing the chances of a labeling error. – Labeling errors can result in multiple sticks, infections, increased length of stay and other negative patient outcomes.

5 Patient Identification Process Ask the patient to state identifying information. Patient identification includes any two of the following (See SA , Patient Identification): Patient name Date of birth Medical Record Number Last four digits of the Social Security Number Government-issued photograph identification (e.g., driver’s license) Photograph (taken in Vanderbilt Psychiatric Hospital) Security photograph taken in Newborn Nursery

6 One Person Specimen Labeling Process All Non Blood Bank SpecimenBlood Bank Specimen Patient’s full name (first and last) Patient’s Medical Record number VUnet ID of specimen collector is required on the label of all specimen containers. VUnet ID of phlebotomist is required on the label of all blood bank specimen containers AND the Date is required on all blood bank specimen containers. VUnet ID of phlebotomist is required on the requisition that accompanies all specimen containers. VUnet ID of phlebotomist is required on the requisition that accompanies all blood bank specimen containers.

7 Two Person Specimen Labeling Process When two people perform specimen collection, the first person is the “specimen collector” and performs the specimen collection and the second person is the “labeler” and labels the specimen. Both people must be present when the specimen is collected and each person is responsible for performing positive patient identification.

8 Two Person Specimen Labeling All Non Blood Bank SpecimenBlood Bank Specimen Patient’s full name (first and last) Patient’s Medical Record number VUnet ID of labeler is required on the label of all specimen containers. VUnet ID of labeler is required on the label of all blood bank specimen containers AND the Date is required on all blood bank specimen containers. VUnet ID of labeler is required on the requisition that accompanies all specimen containers. VUnet ID of labeler is required on the requisition that accompanies all blood bank specimen containers.

9 Safe Specimen Labeling For any specimen, there are necessary items that need to be present on the label and they must all be correct or the specimen will be rejected. EVERY individual tube, container, specimen sent to the lab must have a label applied to it (not loose in the bag). All specimen or blood samples received in the lab without a label applied will be rejected. All labels & requisitions must be examined to determine if all information necessary is present & correct.

10 Helpful Tips: Infection Control Areas with Nurse Servers (Cabinets) 1.Gather supplies-do not forget: – Patient specimen label – Biohazard/STAT bag Leave in Nurse Server until needed 2.Perform hand hygiene 3.Don isolation PPE 4.Enter Room 5.Identify patient and confirm correct lab specimen label 6.Draw and label specimen 7.Place labeled specimen in nurse server 8.Doff isolation PPE 9.Perform hand hygiene and exit room 10.Place labeled specimen from nurse server in biohazard/STAT bag with verified patient requisition 11.Perform hand hygiene 12.Send specimen

11 Helpful Tips: Infection Control Areas with Isolation Carts 1.Gather supplies-do not forget: – Patient specimen label – Biohazard/STAT bag Leave on Isolation Cart until needed 2.Perform hand hygiene 3.Don isolation PPE 4.Enter Room 5.Identify patient and confirm correct lab specimen label 6.Draw and label specimen 7.Place labeled specimen on isolation cart 8.Doff isolation PPE 9.Perform hand hygiene 10.Place labeled specimen in biohazard/STAT bag with verified patient requisition 11.Perform hand hygiene 12.Send specimen

12 Label Placement Please place label on the tube as illustrated above. Place label lengthwise on the tube just below the cap. The label does not overlap itself, protrude from the sides of the tube, or extend onto the tube stopper (cap). Non Blood Bank Specimen Tube Non Blood Bank Specimen Bullet Tube Non Blood Bank Specimen Cup

13 Label Placement Please place label on the tube as illustrated above. Place label lengthwise on the tube just below the cap. The label does not overlap itself, protrude from the sides of the tube, or extend onto the tube stopper (cap). Blood Bank Specimen Tube Blood Bank Specimen Bullet Tube

14 Downtime Procedure If the computer system is unavailable, a handwritten label must be used. The following information is obtained from the patient’s chart and recorded on the label: 1.Patient’s last name 2.Patient’s first name 3.Medical record number 4.Blood Bank Specimen require VU netID and Date 5.All Non Blood Bank Specimen require VU netID The information must match the corresponding information on the specimen label or the specimen will be rejected.

15 Outpatient Identification In outpatient collection services, the patient does not always wear an identification band. Patient identification must occur at the point of specimen collection using active identifiers. Perform an active identification: Ask the patient to state their first and last name and date of birth. Compare this information with the provider’s order for the test and the label. Collect specimen After specimen collection and/or venipuncture: Ask patient to repeat their first and last name and date of birth. Double-check this information with the provider’s order for the test and the label. Label in the presence of the patient. Take Note! If there IS NOT an exact match, DO NOT collect the sample until the discrepancy is resolved

16 Specimen Labeling Error Tracking Mislabeled Specimens: discrepancy of patient identification information between label, requisition, and/or order. Unlabeled Specimens: no label on specimen Omissions: no MRN, Name of Patient or VU netID on specimen. In the event of a labeling error, lab personnel must notify the person in charge of that nursing unit. Lab Manager or designee will document details of the incident and enter the error into Veritas.

17 Accountability Process 1 st mislabeled specimen: Data presented to staff member 2 nd mislabeled specimen: Individual discussion with staff members identified by VUnet ID. 3 rd level – Informal counseling – documented discussion of verbal warning regarding patient safety issue. 4 th level – Written Warning with Performance Improvement Counseling– Requires retraining on lab labeling processes. 5 th level – Final Performance Improvement Counseling – Employee may not be safe to handle patient blood samples following remediation and counseling processes. Note: If the time expires on a PIC or Final PIC, the Manager will re-start the process at level 3 and document informal counseling as a verbal warning. It is acknowledged that employees who continue to cycle back through the process in a repeated fashion may be exhibiting a pattern that indicates unsafe behavior to handle specimen.


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