CAUSE OF THE RIOTS African-American author, James Weldon Johnson first used the term, “Red Summer.” The race riots of 1919 had many causes: increasing inflation, escalating unemployment, and raging racism. Inflation soared in the United States after World War I, and the demobilization of the American military led to higher rates of unemployment. This exacerbated racial tension between whites and blacks who were competing for jobs. James Weldon Johnson first used the term “Red Summer.”
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.