Definition: A program logic model is a systematic, visual way to present a program It is a picture of why and how you believe a program will work.
Purpose: Logic models are tools for programme planning, management, and evaluation They can be used at any point in the development of a programme
Describing & understanding Outcomes Key step Demonstrating how you think the programme will produce these chain of outcomes
Outputs and outcomes An outcome refers to: the differences a program or project makes to the lives of participants and/or the environments of those experiencing it An output refers to: the number of something delivered during a certain time
The “process” of developing the logic model is useful for… Seeing how your project fits with higher level outcomes Developing shared understandings of what the project is hoping to achieve Linking actions(what you DO) to outcomes (what service user GETS)...
The “completed” logic model can be used… to show the “cause and effect” relationships between activities and outcomes Will “this” really lead to “that” Project summary Communication tool of expected/desired programme activities and outcomes
Basic Logic Model Pattern Activities Short term outcomes Intermediate Long term Process Evaluation Outcome Evaluation Activities Knowledge, skills, awareness attitude change Behaviour change Ultimate change
OUTCOMES-IMPACTS-RESULTS Short term Medium term Long term What the short term results are: Learning Awareness Knowledge Attitudes Skills Opinions Aspirations Motivations What the ultimate impact(s) is: Conditions Social Economic Civic Environmental What the medium term results are: Action Behaviour Practice Decision Making Policies Environmental EXTERNAL FACTORS
A youth financial literacy program Partners invest resources A high school financial planning program – 7 unit curriculum - is developed and delivered in high schools Teens gain knowledge and skills in money management Teens establish sound financial habits Teens make better decisions about the use of money
Business Counseling Example Agency invests time and resources A variety of educational activities are provided to business owners who participate These owners gain knowledge and change practices resulting in Improved business performance
Building a logic model 1. Title – Brief brilliant description of what it is, where and for whom… 2. What are 3 key outcomes you expect the programme to achieve in the long-term? 3. Identify the key activities for this sector (what are the key things you would DO) 4. Identify short term (change in awareness or knowledge, skills or environment) and medium term (change in behaviour or environment) outcomes LONGTERM OUTCOMES COME FROM EXISTING POLICY/STRATEGIES/OBJECTIVES
Developing a logic model... Develop a simple 3 box logic model for your programme: Link into your PG outcomes What are the main outcomes you see for this programme? What are the key activities you see? Are all your statements aligned to the principles of each column?
Tips for building better logic models Make sure your activities are brief and concise Check your model with others for feedback Ensure the connections between the outcomes are “simple, natural and logical” ALL outcomes must be about what the service user “gets” as a result of participating in the programme ALL long-term/ultimate outcomes should be aligned to higher lever strategic goals of your FUNDER
Smart Logic Models are Clear and to the point Brief and to the point Realistic Make sense to everyone REMEMBER People change one habit at a time - attending your programme can not undo a lifetime of poor habits
Others names for this approach... People call these tools different things but it’s more important that you know what its about and how to use one Logic models, Outcomes Maps, Outcomes Hierarchies, Theory of Change etc Don't get stuck in the detail...
Words to start activity statements... Support and enable Deliver Prepare Engage and support Facilitate Design Conduct Present Review Establish and maintain Co-ordinate Develop Promote Contribute
Words to start outcome statements… increaseddecreased suitable Improvedreducedeffective morelessadequate greaterefficientbetter sustainable enhancedextended “DOING” AND “GETTING” LANGUAGE ACTIVITY = DOING OUTCOMES = GETTING
Borell Consulting Don’t let the passion ruin the plan. State your outcomes and navigate to them faithfully. Under promise BUT over deliver – it’s better than over promising and under delivering REMEMBER People change one habit at a time - attending your programme can not undo a lifetime of poor choices Suaree Borell firstname.lastname@example.org