Presentation on theme: "Patricia L. Hardré, Ph.D. Professor, Educational Psychology Associate Dean, JRCoE."— Presentation transcript:
Patricia L. Hardré, Ph.D. Professor, Educational Psychology Associate Dean, JRCoE
Quick Review & Critical Definition Where’s the Money? (Funders) Steps to Success (Principles, Strategies) The Nitty-Gritty—Writing the Thing! Lay of the Land—Climate, Trends, Issues Assets for Success (Resources) Throughout: “Advice from Giants” & “Think for a Minute”
Why Write Grants? What Types of Grants are There? Why do Funding Sources Matter? What Resources Can Help Us? If you missed the introductory session, see the CRPDE website !
Critical Definition What Do We Mean by “Educational Grants”? – Funded Projects about People Learning – Anyone, Anywhere, learning Anything – Formal/informal Environments Schools? Social networks? Hospitals? Gangs? Libraries? Disaster areas? Homeless shelters? – Information/behaviors Tech use? Bullying? Recycling? Diet/health?
If You Could Answer One Question Regarding Education in Your Discipline or Research Area, What Would That Question Be? (Write briefly an answer for yourself) (a few volunteers share?)
National Science Foundation (NSF) – www.nsf.gov www.nsf.gov Institute for Educational Sciences (IES) – www.ies.ed.gov www.ies.ed.gov National Institute for Health (NIH) – www.nih.gov www.nih.gov US Department of Education (USEd) – www.grants.gov www.grants.gov US Department of Defense (DoD) – www.grants.gov www.grants.gov
Gates Foundation – http://www.gatesfoundation.org http://www.gatesfoundation.org Henry J. Kaiser Foundation – www.kff.org www.kff.org Spencer Foundation – www.spencer.org www.spencer.org NGOs & not-for-profits – www.guidestar.org www.guidestar.org
Source: Dr. Diane Horm, Education Funding: Kaiser, NSF Advice: Read & Create Relationships – Read ALL about the agency and program! – Read the WHOLE packet multiple times – Be sure your proposal fits priorities & focus – Read past successful grants to see pieces together – Meet program officers/foundation reps— relationships matter!
Public/Government Policy constraints Centralized Paperwork Extensive funding Diverse programs Open rfps (some bid) Private/Non-Govt Mission constraints Personalized Communication Limited funding Focused programs Some invited only
Source: Dr. Barbara Greene, Education Funding: NSF, USEd Advice: Grad Students—Positioning – Tell faculty early that you are interested – Need to see whole process, RFP submission – Work on a funded project implementation if possible—what skills can you offer?
Source: Mark Nanny, Earth & Energy BG/Context: NSF Advice: Be Bold & Convincing – Break new ground, “sail away from well- charted coasts” – Design tight “bridges” for clear results – Convey your excitement & project’s value – Keep it “airtight”, unambiguous
Read the rfp and all general guidelines & supplements thoroughly Follow all directions—everything Write in clear, lay, non-insider language Document every component credibly Show how your idea will make a difference for education & society
Source: Priscilla Griffith BG/Context: NSF, IES, USEd, OKSRHE, NWP Advice: On Time & Clarity – Allow plenty of time to write (3-6 months) – Extra time for partner letters, routing – Know what the agency has funded – Pay attention to budget details! – Follow structure in rfp closely! – Develop logic model to capture your idea clearly
Persistent—plan on 4:1 (submit: fund) ratio Leader—inspires & impassions others Insightful—finds needs, gaps in field Organized—tasks, deadlines Detailed—paperwork, reporting Communicator—makes complex issues understandable
Source: Mark Yeary, Engineering Funding: NSF Advice: Strategies for Success – Less is more—don’t think you have to fill all white space (be concise & strategic) – Carefully follow every detail of the rfp, or your proposal won’t even see reviewers’ eyes – Include thoughtful, relevant lit review – Write a solid learning section – On large projects, allocate funds for project manager to do administrative tasks
Source: Randa Shehab, Engineering Funding: NSF Advice: Assemble a Great Team – Be sure to include all experts on: context, methodology, theories & processes – Cross disciplinary boundaries to find the best combination of skills & vision – Budget $$ for high-quality research assistants! (have enough skilled help!)
Follow Directions—for good reasons! Grant-writing ≠ Research writing— Learn the Language Be Accurate & Precise Account for Roles & Personnel (no token folks or “riders”)
Required Elements and Originality – both demonstrate credibility & strength Research & Management – Both are critical to do the work Study Integrity & Program Specification – Retain study value while gaining support – Don’t try to “force” idea into specs – Instead, find the right funder fit
Reviewers ask: Can they really do this? – Mgmt & Eval Plans are make-or-break Story: NSF Review Panels 2012 – Several program reviews – All good research ideas, priority needs – “sorted” based on mgmt & eval Common error: great research idea, but lousy mgmt, budget, logistics – What can’t be managed, won’t be funded
Source: Dr. Diane Horm, Education Funding: Kaiser, NSF Advice: Use Every Resource – Have others proof your proposal—fresh eyes – Take all feedback seriously – Work toward relevant publishing record— track record for credibility – Collaborate as needed & appropriate
Source: Dr. Jim Martin, Special Education BG/Context: NSF, IES Advice: Write Systematically – Organize by rfp headers – Write research/main activity first (set scope) – Request letters of agreement early – Write budget (after plan), send to grant office to check then write budget justification – Edit, edit, edit – Align, align, align
Source: Dr. Barbara Greene, Ed Psych Funding: NSF, USEd Advice: Grad Students—Positioning – Know agencies that fund your type of ideas – Plan to collaborate & partner with others – Learn the parts of a proposal packet—it’s not all just the research
Source: Mark Yeary, Engineering Funding: NSF Advice: Investigators & Special Groups – Pay special attention to currency of the PI biosketches (their special expertise) – Agonize over how each Co-PI contributes – Plan to engage underrepresented groups clear, sharp, sincere (not perfunctory)
Expect & embrace rejection—it’s a learning process Take all feedback seriously (after an approp period of denial, grief & healing) Set your ego aside—it’s not personal; it’s professional Use feedback in context of rfp & other indicators, to make sense of it Save all feedback; reflect & improve Reflection over time will show your improvement trajectory
Diversity & global competitiveness Program sustainability, self-sufficiency Collaboration & integrative expertise Clear, measurable outcomes Blend of scholarship & practice Practical & professional impact (beyond esoteric & abstract) Related publishing & presentations Every grant is strengthened by these!
Clear goals and needs analysis Measurable objectives & solid timeline Rigorous evaluation plan (formative, summative) Responsible resource reasoning Coherent management plan Tight alignment of terms and components Complete, unique letters of agreement from partners
Given What We Have Covered Here, What Do You See as Your Current Key Strengths, Weaknesses and Opportunities for Educational Grant- Writing? (Write briefly an answer for yourself) (a few volunteers share?)
Advice from Giants Source: Dr. Jim Martin, Special Education BG/Context: NSF, IES Advice: Be a Little Obsessive – Use exact terms from rfp in headers, all levels, across parts of proposal – Guide reviewers—Include extended table of contents w/exactly where mandated elements are – Include all possible extra/desired elements, in narrative (not just supplements)
Program Skills Every program needs skilled people Learn through volunteering Consider contributing your skills – Subject area/content (your field) – Measurement/evaluation (tools, reports) – Research (data collection, entry, analysis) – Technology (design, develop, maintain) – Business/mgmt (budget, paperwork)
Share Your Expertise: (10 min) Which Skills (from the previous lists) Could YOU Contribute to a Grant Project? (Write a brief answer for yourself) (Get up & share it with 2 strangers)
OU CRPDE – Training, advice, insights, resources – Funder-matching, examples, templates OU Office of Research Services – Submission, management, latest info OK State Regents for Higher Education – Funding opps, training, support Agencies & Program Officers – Specific guidance, Q&As, feedback Faculty Advisors & Mentors – Empathy, feedback, guidance, advice A concise little book – Coley, S. M. & Scheinberg, C. A. (2008). Proposal Writing: Effective Grantsmanship. Los Angeles: Sage.
Source: Mark Yeary, Engineering Funding: NSF Advice: Gaining an Edge – Get peers to pre-review and critique (better harsh correction from them vs agency) – Seek out program officers at conferences & discuss your ideas (in advance) – Show path to sustainability (even if not required)
Source: Mark Nanny, Earth & Energy BG/Context: NSF Advice: Devil’s in the Details – Keep everything in its designated place – Be tough on yourself—prove this project is important – Get feedback from everyone! – Review, review, review—for typos & errors – It will take 10 times as long as you expect
What Have you Learned Here Today that You Can Use to be Successful at Writing Educational Grants? (Write briefly an answer for yourself)