Presentation on theme: "Applying for Funding: Two Sides of the Story John Sharpe (CEO, Partners for Youth Inc.) & Mario R. Gravelle (Learning & Innovation Analyst, The Counselling."— Presentation transcript:
Applying for Funding: Two Sides of the Story John Sharpe (CEO, Partners for Youth Inc.) & Mario R. Gravelle (Learning & Innovation Analyst, The Counselling Foundation of Canada)
John Sharpe Strategies to find the right funding source. Approaching a funder without stalking a funder. Developing and submitting a strong (and painless) grant application. Dealing with success and failure. Mario Gravelle Identifying a need: Can you show that a problem exists and prove that a new intervention is needed? How can you ensure that your intervention will be effective and what makes your intervention efficient? What are proposal deal-breakers and deal-makers?
Strategies to find the right funding source Step One: Research, research, and more research (and maybe a bit more research) I.Where to look for relevant information II.What should you be looking for in your investigation Step Two: Relationships, relationships, and more relationships I.Getting to know the funder II.Connecting without asking for funding
Your Funding Request: Preparing/Submitting and Reacting Step One: Identify their guidelines, procedures (and preferences) I.Application process II.Rules to follow III.Third-party feedback IV.Stand out by being professional and respectful Step Two: Wait and react I.The silver lining out of the funding denial II.They said “YES!”, now what?
Applying for Funding: What you Need to Succeed Identifying a need: Can you show that a problem exists and prove that a new intervention is needed? How can you ensure that your intervention will be effective and what makes your intervention efficient? What are proposal deal-breakers and deal-makers?
Identifying a Need Two steps that show your intervention is required… Step one: Using the right approach to demonstrate that a problem needs to be addressed. “Acts of violence in high schools affect student learnings outcomes in two ways: First, systemic violence in high schools is very disruptive to the student body. Second, disciplinary measures force the perpetrators to miss important classroom time. Violent incidences also impacts staff career outcomes as it leads to poor workplace conditions. It is important to note that violence in high schools has an impact outside of the school setting as expenses incurred to prevent/come to terms with violent incidences (policing; disciplining offenders; and HR costs) are shouldered by the taxpayer. The funds to pay for these unnecessary expenditures could certainly be used in other places.” “Verbal and physical violence in high schools is an ever increasing problem. According to the provincial government, each high school experiences at least three acts of violence (student on student and/or student on staff) per day. This number has doubled in the past ten years. (Provincial Government, Report on High School Violence. 2011)” Step two: Proving that a service gap exists.
Effectiveness Using a Theory of Change to test/prove that your intervention will work. A Theory of Change expresses the underlying theories/beliefs that guide a service delivery strategy and are assumed to be critical for producing positive change. A Theory of Change can be captured in a series of IF-THEN statements: If something is done with or for project participants, then something should change. Case Study: Improving student learning and staff career outcomes by decreasing violence in high schools. Problem identified: Violence (verbal and physical) in high schools (student/student and student/staff) affects student learning outcomes (good grades, graduation rates, and participation in post-secondary education) and staffing conditions (sick days, burnout and turnover). Solution: Design an intervention for students, staff, and caregivers to change behaviours that will reduce violence in high schools.
Theory of Change: Improving Learning and Career Outcomes 1 2 3 4 IF resources are available, THEN a program can provide a certain set of activities or services to participants. IF participants take part in activities or receive services, THEN they will experience specific changes in their knowledge, attitudes or skills. IF a target group’s support network takes part in activities or receive services, THEN the target group is more likely to experience specific changes in their knowledge, attitudes or skills. IF individuals change their knowledge, attitudes or skills, THEN they will change their behavior and usual practice. In this case, IF we have the right resources, THEN we can provide activities to limit violence which is a factor that influences learning and career outcomes. In this case, IF facilitators provide nonviolent conflict management strategy training to students, THEN these students will develop nonviolent conflict management skills. In this case, IF facilitators provide conflict intervention strategy training to caregivers and staff, THEN students will be supported in choosing to resolve conflicts peacefully. In this case, IF students/caregivers staff gain knowledge about how to avoid and/or defuse violent confrontations, THEN fewer incidences of violence will occur in these schools.
Effectiveness A Logic Model Diagram illustrates the connection between the theories that underscore your initiative and what you intend to provide that will lead to the outcomes you want to occur. Terminology: -Inputs/Resources (financial, human, knowledge and infrastructure) -Outputs (activities and services) -Outcomes/Impacts (changes in knowledge, attitudes or skills leading to changes in behavior and usual practice) A Logic Model Diagram acts as a drawing that shows how one component of an initiative leads to the next. Case Study: Improving student learning and staff career outcomes by decreasing violence in high schools. INPUTS OUTPUTSOUTCOMES
Logic Model: Improving Learning and Career Outcomes in High Schools Situation: Verbal and physical violence in high schools affects student learning and staff career outcomes. Inputs Outputs Outcomes Short-Term Long-Term Financial Resources: (From grantmakers, government, and/or grantee in-kind contributions) $81,000 Grant from The Counselling Foundation of Canada $48,000 Grant from ACME Inc. Human Resources: (Grantee staff, consultants and/or trained facilitators) Program Manager Program Assistant Staff members from the high school Knowledge Resources: (Theories and/or concepts) Nonviolent Conflict Management and Conflict Intervention strategies Infrastructure Resources: (Physical space, tools and/or materials) Meeting space at the high school Technology at the high school (overhead projectors and screens) Nonviolent Conflict Management and Conflict Intervention strategy materials Nonviolent Conflict Management Sessions offered to high school students. Conflict Intervention Sessions offered to caregivers and staff members from the high school. Better student learning outcomes (higher graduation rates and access to post-secondary education) Improved staff career outcomes (decrease in staff burnout and turnover) Students use nonviolent conflict management techniques instead of violence = Decrease in student punishment; increase in student academic performance; and better working conditions for school staff. Caregivers and staff use conflict intervention techniques to prevent and break up violent incidences = Decrease in student punishment; increase in student academic performance; and better working conditions for school staff.
Efficiency Are your proposed activities required and realizable? Are your timelines realistic? Is your budget reasonable?
Deal-breakers and Deal-makers How do you intend to stay in business? Spreading the wealth through replication The added value of ensuring a project’s intellectual legacy
Theory of Change and Logic Model Andrea Anderson, The Community Builder’s Approach to Theory of Change: A practical guide to theory and development. Julia Coffman, Learning From Logic Models: An Example of a Family/School Partnership Program. University of Wisconsin, Enhancing Program Performance with Logic Models. W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Logic Model Development Guide. Professional Development and Other Links American Evaluation Association Canadian Evaluation Society Innovation Network The Community Tool Box Resources