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Kiva Overview for MFIs Raising low cost debt capital from social investors via the Internet July 2007 "Revolutionising how donors and lenders in the US.

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Presentation on theme: "Kiva Overview for MFIs Raising low cost debt capital from social investors via the Internet July 2007 "Revolutionising how donors and lenders in the US."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kiva Overview for MFIs Raising low cost debt capital from social investors via the Internet July 2007 "Revolutionising how donors and lenders in the US are connecting with small entrepreneurs in developing countries” “Making microfinance easier...Kiva’s website is easy to use, even for local Cambodian staff who haven’t used computers that long”

2 2 Table of Contents What Kiva is and how it Works3 Benefit to MFIs11 Progress to Date15 Case Studies17 Corporate and Press Support for Kiva 23 Management and Leadership 26 Partnership Requirements and Contact Information28

3 3 Microfinance Client Profile Microfinance Institution Kiva.org Online Marketplace Social Investor What is Kiva? Kiva is an online platform that connects MFIs to social investors

4 4 Approve & Disburse Loan Post client data on Kiva Receiv e 0% interes t bulk loan from Kiva Repor ting: Note the delinq uencie s + final impac t Repay ment: Deduc ted from new loans Social Invest or "fund" client profile s $ MFIClient How Kiva Works (1 of 6) MFI approves client and disburses loan with no change to MFI’s processes MFI charges same interest rate as usual.

5 5 How Kiva Works (2 of 6) Loan Application Data Digital Photo Approve & Disburse Loan Post client data on Kiva Receiv e 0% interes t bulk loan from Kiva Repor ting: Note the delinq uencie s + final impac t Repay ment: Deduc ted from new loans Social Invest or "fund" client profile s Kiva translation & editing team allows postings to be done in the client’s local language Kiva provides MFIs with digital cameras and laptops upon request

6 6 How Kiva Works (3 of 6) Average time to 100% funding = 1.5 days Approve & Disburse Loan Post client data on Kiva Receiv e 0% interes t bulk loan from Kiva Repor ting: Note the delinq uencie s + final impac t Repay ment: Deduc ted from new loans Social Invest or "fund" client profile s $ $ $

7 7 How Kiva Works (4 of 6) Approve & Disburse Loan Post client data on Kiva Receiv e 0% interes t bulk loan from Kiva Repor ting: Note the delinq uencie s + final impac t Repay ment: Deduc ted from new loans Social Invest or "fund" client profile s $ $ $ $ Kiva aggregates 0% interest USD loan capital and wires it monthly to MFI

8 8 How Kiva Works (5 of 6) 1. During the loan term MFI reports only delinquencies 2. At the end of loan term MFI must provide a loan impact summary Approve & Disburse Loan Post client data on Kiva Receiv e 0% interes t bulk loan from Kiva Repor ting: Note the delinq uencie s + final impac t Repay ment: Deduc ted from new loans Social Invest or "fund" client profile s On time collection auto-reported to lenders Delinquent – manual report required

9 9 How Kiva Works (6 of 6) Approve & Disburse Loan Post client data on Kiva Receiv e 0% interes t bulk loan from Kiva Repor ting: Note the delinq uencie s + final impac t Repay ment: Deduc ted from new loans Social Invest or "fund" client profile s $ $ $ $ $ Kiva automatically deducts repayments owed from new loans each month

10 10 Table of Contents What Kiva is and how it Works3 Benefits for MFIs11 Progress to Date15 Case Studies17 Corporate and Press Support for Kiva 23 Management and Leadership 26 Partnership Requirements and Contact Information28

11 11 Increase profitability  No cost funds: 0% interest monthly bulk loans wired to your bank account  No liability: Client loan losses borne by Kiva (like a securitization)  Flexible currency risk policy: MFI responsible for managing F/X risk; however Kiva Social Investors will likely forgive default if massive devaluation occurs  Low reporting costs: Kiva reduces you staff and IT costs by providing:  Exception based reporting system and automatic monthly net billing  Free full time on-site interns to help train staff and post client data  Free digital cameras and laptops  Free translation, text editing Improve transparency / global reputation  Exposure: Kiva.org is the world’s most trafficked microfinance website  Transparency: Show client level impact/operational excellence to other funders  Be a part of the fastest growing MFI network: Over 65 MFIs in 36 countries raise money via Kiva – growing at 5 MFIs a month… MFI Benefit Summary: Overview

12 12 Costing out Kiva’s debt capital Interest Rate Kiva Charges Cost of staff time to post client data Write Off Rate F/X Hedging Cost Total Cost of Kiva Capital 0% 0.2% - 2% 1.3% Varies ~0 - 1% Excluding F/X risk Kiva passes 100% of the funds lent via social investors online. Kiva supports its low cost internet operations by charging social investors optional fees. Kiva has been a financially self sufficient 501c3 U.S. non-profit organization since November Based on time study data of MFIs using Kiva, the cost of staff time to post and maintain each client profile on Kiva.org ranges from < $1 USD to $10 USD. The average Kiva loan raised per client profile is $500USD – putting the average cost as a factor of the debt capital raised on Kiva to around 0.2% - 2%. According to the MIcroBanking Bulletin, the average write off ratio for all MFIs listed on the MIX is 1.3% in This number is subtracted from the cost equation since Kiva social investors bear default risk / all MFI write offs. Kiva’s loans are in U.S. dollars and Kiva’s policy is for MFIs to manage the currency risk. The cost of hedging short term loans varies by context and many MFIs simply do not hedge given the large savings spread by using Kiva. For most MFIs, Kiva represents the cheapest U.S. dollar debt capital source available. Comments:

13 13 MFI Benefit Summary: Medium/Large MFIs In addition the benefits already listed, Kiva can provide significant benefit to medium and large MFIs. Benefits Reduce overall cost of capital Potentially reduce interest rates Maintain interest rates and increase profitability Increased access to capital Increase reach to borrowers

14 14 MFI Benefit Summary: Small/Growing MFIs Small MFIs list a lack of capital as the largest constraint to growth: a problem Kiva can help solve. Lack of capital 1 A survey of 191 MFIs ranked “Lack of funding” as the biggest constraint to growth –The biggest barrier to funding being “not enough contact with social investors / donors” The main sources of capital are grants and commercial capital Young institutions have difficulty accessing commercial capital –Those that can secure commercial capital do so at relatively high interest rates, which are then passed onto the borrower –Institutions can build equity to borrow against by accepting customer deposits, but this takes a significant amount of time, and subjects them to complex laws Many are unaware of additional sources of funds, or have difficulty securing grants 1, CGAP and Microfinance Information Exchange survey

15 15 Growing Microfinance Institutions The microfinance landscape is dominated by a long, fragmented tail of small and growing MFIs. MFIs by # of Borrowers Reached 1 # of MFIs worldwide = 10, BlueOrchard website; Microcredit Summit Campaign data, 2006  73% of global microfinance is disbursed by small, growing MFIs  Facilitating the growth of small MFIs will make a significant contribution to the microfinance market

16 16 Threshold scale needed to access commercial institutional capital # of MFI clients Time With Kiva Without Kiva Barriers to growth: Lack of capital Until MFIs achieve a certain scale, capital is a major constraint to growth. Infusion of Conservative Institutional Capital Infusion of catalytic low cost capital  Individuals can provide risk capital where commercial institutions won’t –Emotional return reduces need for risk adjusted financial return –No overhead cost structure to support (vs. bank) further reduces need for return Impact of access to capital on growth Illustrative

17 17 Table of Contents What Kiva is and how it Works3 Benefits for MFIs11 Progress to Date15 Case Studies17 Corporate and Press Support for Kiva 23 Management and Leadership 26 Partnership Requirements and Contact Information28

18 18 Total Capital Raised from Kiva Social Investors ($m) Average month-over-month growth rate > 30% Kiva Loan Portfolio Growth Over $8.3 million from +80,000 Social Investors has already been raised 5 year projections $130M – 280M USD On track to become one of the world’s largest MF funds

19 19 Nicaragua Honduras Togo Senegal Bulgaria Gaza Uganda Kenya Tanzania Cambodia Samoa Mexico Ecuador Nigeria Ghana Moldova Mozambique Ukraine Afghanistan Congo Indonesia Azerbaijan Cameroon Tajikistan Bolivia Haiti Dominican Republic Vietnam Iraq Nepal Chad Paraguay Guatemala Sierra Leone Cote’ D’Ivoire Kiva Partner Geographic Distribution 60 MFIs from 35 countries have already partnered with Kiva

20 20 AFRICA Action Now: Kenya – Kenya Afrique Emergence & Investments – Cote’ D’Ivoire Ebony Foundation – Kenya GHAPE – Cameroon HELP Africa – Togo Hluvuku-Adsema – Mozambique HOPE RDC – Democratic Republic of Congo Kisumu Medical and Education Trust – Kenya Kraban Support Foundation – Ghana Life in Africa Foundation – Uganda Lift Above Poverty Foundation – Nigeria Microfund – Togo People’s Microcredit Investment Bureau – Kenya Salone Microfinance Trust – Sierra Leone SEED Development Group – Kenya Senegal Ecovillage Network – Senegal Share an Opportunity Microfinance Ltd. – Uganda Urban Ministry – Nigeria Women’s Economic Empowerment Consort – Kenya Youth Self Employment Foundation – Tanzania EUROPE & CENTRAL ASIA Komak Credit Union – Azerbaijan Microinvest LLC – Moldova Mikrofond EAD – Bulgaria MLF MicroInvest – Tajikistan Nadiya – Ukraine Norwegian Microcredit LLC – Azerbaijan Regional Economic Development Center – Bulgaria LATIN AMERICA Admic Nacional – Mexico AlSol – Mexico Esperanza International – Dominican Republic and Haiti Friendship Bridge – Guatemala Fundación para la Vivienda Progresiva – Mexico Fundación Paraguaya – Paraguay IMPRO – Bolivia Mifex Microfinance Exchange – Ecuador Prisma Microfinance – Honduras / Nicaragua Pro Mujer – Bolivia FADES - Bolivia ASIA CREDIT MFI – Cambodia Maxima – Cambodia MBK Ventura – Indonesia Mekong Plus – Vietnam South Pacific Business Development – Samoa MIDDLE EAST Al Aman Center – Iraq Ariana Financial Services – Afghanistan Shurush Initiative – Gaza Partial Kiva MFI Partner List (Kiva is growing at 5 MFIs / month!)

21 21 Table of Contents What Kiva is and how it Works3 Benefits for MFIs11 Progress to Date15 Case Studies17 Corporate and Press Support for Kiva 23 Management and Leadership 26 Partnership Requirements and Contact Information28

22 22 Case Study: (Togo) Partner stats (Pre-Kiva) Loan Portfolio: ~$500K USD Date founded: 1998 Sources of funding: 3 Performance on the Kiva Platform Kiva Partner Since:Nov 6, 2006 Total Loans Raised:705 Total Loan Capital Raised:$670,000 Average Loan Size:$850 Average Time to Fund a Loan1 day Testimonial from Managing Director “The partnership of KIVA with MICROFUND is very excellent and today KIVA is our best partner” “The support of KIVA has been and is very helpful to our survival and allows us to increase considerably our portfolio” “Due to our partnership with KIVA, MICROFUND responds more easily to the needs in credit of its members at the great satisfaction of its beneficiaries”- Joseph Kossi (MICROFUND Manager)

23 23 Case Study: (Mexico) Partner stats (Pre-Kiva) Loan Portfolio: ~$3.1M USD Date founded: 1980 Sources of funding: 5 Performance on the Kiva Platform Kiva Partner Since:Aug 31, 2006 Total Loans Raised:994 Total Loan Capital Raised:$557,000 Average Loan Size:$510 Average Time to Fund a Loan1.3 days Testimonial from Managing Director “Kiva has been an incredibly successful partner in providing us low cost funding to expand our operations” “Highly recommended.” Part ofNetwork

24 24 Kiva Case Study: AFSG (Afghanistan) MFI Mission Statement: To provide high quality and fair priced savings and loan products to our clients, which will increase their incomes, expand their businesses and improve their quality of life. Partner stats (Pre-Kiva) Loan Portfolio: ~$550K USD Date founded: 1003 Sources of funding: 3 Performance on the Kiva Platform Kiva Partner Since:Jan 18, 2007 Total Loans Raised:305 Total Loan Capital Raised:$117,000 Average Loan Size:$385 Average Time to Fund a Loan:8 hours Testimonials from MFI “Kiva's loan fund has brought a significant change over AFSG's growth and productivities and huge change to clients living standard” “KIVA has been proved to be a powerful instrument for poverty reduction build assets, increase incomes and reduce their vulnerability to economic stress in Afghanistan” “AFSG and its clients are really thankful of Kiva's fund and we hope that Kiva supports AFSG continuously” - Storai Sadat (Executive Director)

25 25 Table of Contents What Kiva is and how it Works3 Benefits for MFIs11 Progress to Date15 Case Studies17 Corporate and Press Support for Kiva 23 Management and Leadership 26 Partnership Requirements and Contact Information28

26 26 "If you've got 25 bucks, a PC and a PayPal account, you've now got the wherewithal to be an international financier." "Revolutionizing how donors and lenders in the US are connecting with small entrepreneurs in developing countries” 2006 Year in Ideas Issue: “At Kiva.org, a schoolteacher in Kansas can partner with a seamstress in Kenya to jump-start a tailor shop. “Innovation of the week: Kiva.org uses smart design to make a little cash go a long way.” “You too can have a big impact with a small amount of money." Strong Accolades About Kiva in the International Press

27 27 Free payment processing and employee support 120 Million free banner impressions Free Google AdWords – 25% of traffic Free Yahoo Search Marketing and employee support Free promotion (Community Impact Award) Funding for Field Research and Development Free phones for cell based data upload pilot Free promotion of Kiva widget to bloggers Early Funder Featured Organization Free computers and early Funder Strong Support for Kiva in the Corporate and Philanthropic Community

28 28 Table of Contents What Kiva is and how it Works3 Benefits for MFIs11 Progress to Date15 Case Studies17 Corporate and Press Support for Kiva 23 Management and Leadership 26 Partnership Requirements and Contact Information28

29 29 Key Management and Staff Matt Flannery | Co-founder & CEO Matt is a former TiVo engineer with experience in website design and usability. He graduated with a BS in Symbolic Systems and a Masters in Analytical Philosophy from Stanford University. Premal Shah | President Premal is a 6 year PayPal veteran and spent his last year researching technology and microfinance. He previously worked in microfinance in India, strategy consulting and graduated from Stanford. Isabelle Barres | Vice President, Microfinance Partnerships Isabelle is the former Director of Strategic Partnerships at the MIX, editor of the MicroBanking Bulletin and currently leads the microfinance industry wide Social Impact Indicators task force. John Berry | Director, Microfinance Partnerships John has over 20 years of microfinance experience and managed USAID’s $30M microfinance portfolio. Key Advisors and Directors Geoff Davis | President and CEO, Unitus Geoff helps run Unitus, one of the most respected organizations in microfinance. He was an early employee at the Grameen Foundation USA and has worked in microfinance worldwide since Mary Ellen Iskenderian | President and CEO, Women's World Banking Mary Ellen is President and CEO of Women's World Banking (WWB), a global not-for-profit financial institution whose network includes over 50 microfinance institutions and banks. John Hatch | Founder, FINCA John is the founder of FINCA, one of the world's leading microcredit institutions with programs in 23 countries and over one million low-income families assisted since its inception in Sam Daley-Harris | Director, Microcredit Summit Campaign Sam is Director of the Microcredit Summit Campaign, the result of the Microcredit Summit, which brings together microcredit practitioners from all over the world to focus on reaching the poorest. Team Background Kiva Leadership

30 30 Table of Contents What Kiva is and how it Works3 Benefits for MFIs11 Progress to Date15 Case Studies17 Corporate and Press Support for Kiva 23 Management and Leadership 26 Partnership Requirements and Contact Information28

31 31 Does Kiva make financial sense for my MFI? Checklist Someone on my staff can:  Digitally photograph clients  Communicate via / access the Internet regularly  Speak English or Spanish My MFI can:  Legally accept US Dollar debt from a foreign lender  Managing foreign exchange risk

32 32 MFI Partner Next StepsKiva Role Next Steps for Partnering with Kiva Kiva provides consistent, active support throughout the 5 step partnership process If your MFI is qualified and you’re interested in starting a Kiva pilot program or want more information contact: 1.Complete and submit Kiva partnership application 2.Receive response from Kiva regarding application status 3.If approved, work with Kiva's Partnerships team to setup a pilot program 4.Launch 1-2 month Kiva pilot program 5.Assess pilot program outcomes and scale program based on needs Provide guidance and feedback on all application documents and requirements Review application materials and respond to MFIs within 1-2 weeks Provide all additional documents and on- going, comprehensive assistance with Kiva pilot setup Monitor pilot and provide on-going support Provide comprehensive assistance for pilot scaling and work with MFI to determine monthly Kiva funding limit


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