Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

OA in an oasis: The growth of open access in the MENA region Thursday, September 17th, 2014 COASP2014 - Paris - France Alwaleed Alkhaja, PhD. Senior Editor.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "OA in an oasis: The growth of open access in the MENA region Thursday, September 17th, 2014 COASP2014 - Paris - France Alwaleed Alkhaja, PhD. Senior Editor."— Presentation transcript:

1 OA in an oasis: The growth of open access in the MENA region Thursday, September 17th, 2014 COASP Paris - France Alwaleed Alkhaja, PhD. Senior Editor - Commissioning & Outreach - QScience.com (Bloosmbury Qatar Foundation

2 Overview of presentation content Defining MENA and the Arab world Research output in the Arab world Landscape of open access publishing Challenges of open access publishing Perspectives....

3 MENA = "Middle East and North Africa" MENA CC BY-SA 3.0 DanPMK - Own work adapted from Africa in the World (grey).svg by TUBSENA Y-SA 3.0 DanPadaptey).svg by TUBS

4 Text Countries: 22 Population (Total): million 2013 GDP (current US$) : $2.851 trillion 2013 The Arab world

5 Research output in the Arab world

6

7

8

9 Landscape of open access publishing

10 Growth of open access journals from the Arab world in DOAJ

11 Number of open access journals from the Arab world in DOAJ journals from the Arab world 5.5% of total DOAJ journals 1217 journals from United States (population of 318,736,000)

12 Number of (Arabic language) open access journals in DOAJ 1 Journal Arabic online (Historical Kan Periodical) - Egypt 10 Journals Arabic + English and/or French - Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Qatar, Saudi Arabic 21 Journals Arabic + other language(s) - India, Iran, Malaysia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom 0.3% of total DOAJ journals published in Arabic 12% of total DOAJ journals published in Portuguese

13 Egypt11 Algeria7 Saudi Arabia7 Sudan5 Morocco3 Tunisia2 Lebanon1 Qatar1 Registry of Open Access Repositories Number of open access repositories in Arab world 37 OA repositories in Arab world Belgium = 34 Greece = 33 Malaysia =33 Mexico =33

14 Number of open access repositories in MENA Data provided by: ROAR & OpenDOARROARDOAR

15 Number of open access repositories in Europe Data provided by: ROAR & OpenDOARROARDOAR

16 Research funders' open access policies in the Arab world Number of policies from Arab World = 0 Europe = 130 North America = 29 Asia = 4 Oceania = 3

17 Challenges of open access publishing

18 Challenges of open access publishing in the Arab world Low number of (Arabic) open access journals Low number of open access repositories Absence of research funders' open access policies

19 Survey (i) Open access in Egypt Study: Reality of open Access movement to information in Egyptian Universities: Cairo University model, Iman Hussein 2013* Lack of faculty’s OA awareness OA articles not recognized in assessment for academic promotion General fear of intellectual theft /copyright infringement Lack of policies and/or mandates for OA publishing or self- archiving. *10th Cairo University Scientific Conference for Libraries, Documents, and Information (Article in Arabic): in Arabic):

20 Survey: ‘Academic open access publishing and its role in Arabic online content enrichment’ Abdullah Almubariz, Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University: AFLI publication (Article in Arabic): imamur.com/files/12.doc (Word File)(Article in Arabic): imamur.com/files/12.doc (Word File) Survey (ii) Open access in Saudi Arabia disagree about publishing research in OA journals 36% 63% skeptical about peer review process 58% OA publications not considered in promotion

21 Survey (iii) Open access in Iraq Study: Study of the Views of a Sample of Faculty Members at the University of Mosul, Aldabbagh and Al Obidy 2012 (in Arabic) Majority faculty surveyed reluctant to publish OA due to lack of awareness Article in Arabic: 82 % unsure of quality of OA journal editorial board members fearful of intellectual theft / copyright infringement 45% 64% OA articles not recognized in academic career promotion

22 Survey, Syrian Researcher’s Views on Open Access to Information. Damascus University Magazine. Survey (iv) Open access in Syria 40% 25%20% 10% 5% worried about intellectual theft / copyright infringement believe OA published articles not recognized by their institutes academic committees do not know how to publish OA consider OA publishing would lower impact of their research do not know how to archive work

23 Survey (iv) Others... * AFLI publication (Article in Arabic): imamur.com/files/12.doc (Word File)(Article in Arabic): imamur.com/files/12.doc (Word File) 79% Have not published in OA journals * 69% Have not published in OA journals + 71% Agree that more efforts must be made by their institution to spread the awareness of Open access # +10th Cairo University Scientific Conference for Libraries, Documents, and Information (Article in Arabic): in Arabic): #

24 Meo, S. A. "Open access journals: open for rich, closed for poor." Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan: JCPSP 24.8 (2014): 611. “In many developing countries still, the monthly salary of a senior science faculty (Professor) in public sector institutes is less than $1000 / month. How is it possible the researchers from the developing countries can publish their papers in such journals?”

25 Challenges of open access publishing in the Arab world: article processing charges fee waivers Low-income Lower-middle- income Upper-middle- income High-income ComorosSyriaLibyaQatar SomaliaEgyptTunisiaSaudi Arabia PalestineLebanonKuwait MoroccoJordanUnited Arab Emirates DjiboutiAlgeriaOman SudanIraqBahrain Yemen Mauritania *based on Gross national income per capita 2013 (US Dollars), Atlas method

26 Challenges of open access publishing in the Arab world Low number of (Arabic) open access journals Low number of open access repositories Absence of research funders' open access policies

27 Challenges of open access publishing in the Arab world Low number of (Arabic) open access journals Low number of open access repositories Absence of research funders' open access policies Lack of OA awareness Lack of institutional encouragement to OA Skepticism about quality/impact Inability to pay article processing charges

28 Perspectives An enabling environment for an exciting future?

29 What does the Arab world need for open access to flourish? Improve OA awareness More OA journals for Arabic content Establishment of more institutional repositories Institutional support for OA - (policies, mandates) Research funder support for OA (policies, mandates, repositories)

30 Open Access Week 2014 events Open Access week Egypt Open Access week Saudi Arabia Open access week Qatar Open access week Tunisia

31

32 Arab Initiatives of Open Access AIOA - To disseminate the benefits of publishing in open access. - To promote the practices of open access in the Arab and other world - To attract and convince the concept of information for all. - To provide a platform for the authors and publishers for open access publishing - To encourage the idea of Book Endowment Website: aioablogspot.com Twitter: aioatweets Slide courtesy of Sulieman S. Alshuhri. PhD

33 Nidae Al-Ryadh (Declaration of Riyadh for Free Access to Scientific and Technical Information) First Arabic declaration in support of OA by the participants in the Second Gulf-Maghreb Scientific Congress (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, February 25-26, 2006), Calls for free access to all scientific literature on the internet. It supports the idea that scientific literature should be disseminated without any financial, legal, or technological barriers except those concerned with the intellectual property for the author. (Arabic, English, French translations

34 Rise of institutional mandates? ROARMAP: Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies AlgeriaInstitutional Mandate Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2014 Saudi Arabia Institutional Mandate Date Deposited: 3 Sept 2014

35 Scientific boom in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

36 KACST OA Scientific Journals with Springer 6 open access journals - launched 2011

37

38 14 OA journals in English / Arabic Qatar Foundation collaboration with Bloomsbury

39 14 OA journals in English / Arabic

40

41 Output / million

42

43

44

45 Summary Open access adoption in Arab states is weaker than other regions/nations Arab states face many challenges with respect to OA Arab world has witnessed various OA initiatives in the last couple of years Several countries are investing more in R&D therefore enabling a change in scientific landscape

46 Thank you for your attention


Download ppt "OA in an oasis: The growth of open access in the MENA region Thursday, September 17th, 2014 COASP2014 - Paris - France Alwaleed Alkhaja, PhD. Senior Editor."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google