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~ Present Tense ~. What is a verb? A verb is an ACTION word It is something that you DO Quickly  Brainstorm some verbs in English. Run, walk, speak,

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Presentation on theme: "~ Present Tense ~. What is a verb? A verb is an ACTION word It is something that you DO Quickly  Brainstorm some verbs in English. Run, walk, speak,"— Presentation transcript:

1 ~ Present Tense ~

2 What is a verb? A verb is an ACTION word It is something that you DO Quickly  Brainstorm some verbs in English. Run, walk, speak, clean, teach, show, eat, study, skip, fly, car, sleep, run, drink

3 ANATOMY OF A VERB HABL AR The verb stem is always the same in regular verbs The verb ending tells you what form the verb is in. Sometimes it indicates the subject.

4 The Infinitive When a verb is in the “whole form” it is called the “infinitive” When the verb is in the infinitive, it means “to do something” To walk, to run, to eat When you CONJUGATE a verb, it changes form to indicate WHO is doing the action.

5 Spanish Verbs In Spanish, ALL verbs end in either: AR, IR, or ER Cantar, Vivir, Correr

6 -AR – cantar, trabjar, hablar, ayudar -ER – comer, beber, leer, aprender -IR – vivir, abrir, escribir, asistir

7 -AR Verbs

8 AR Verb Conjugation To Conjugate means to “change” form You need to change form to indicate who is doing the action. I run. John runs.

9 Conjugation To walk (infinitive) I walk We walk You walk He walksThey walk

10

11 Conjugating a verb / Formula: 1) Drop the -ar, -er, -ir ending 2) Add the correct ending for the subject pronoun.

12 Hablar = Habl – Mirar = Mir – Tomar = Tom – Escuchar = Escucha -

13 Step #2: Next, add the correct verb ENDING, depending on WHO is doing the action.

14 -ar endings: -o -as -a -amos -áis -an

15 Example Estudiar = to study (the infinitive) Take off the ending: Estudiar  Estudi Add the correct endings -estudio-estudiamos -estudias -estudia-estudian

16 Some AR Verbs Enseñar = to teach Escuchar = to listen Estudiar = to study Hablar = to talk, to speak Mirar = to watch, to look at Preparar = to prepare Sacar una buena nota = to get a good grade

17 Ejemplos: bailarcantarestudiarandar en patineta trabajar jugar videojuegos escuchar música nadaresquiar hablar viajar jugar (deportes) tocar (instrumentos) andar en bicicleta

18 Practice: I study Spanish. We study. My dad teaches. I get a bad grade. They speak. I listen. You prepare.

19 Let’s Practice! Cantar = to sing I sing =We sing = You sing = He sings =They sing =

20 Let’s Practice Ayudar = to help

21 Let’s Practice Tomar = to drink, to take

22 Let’s Practice Hablar = to speak

23 Let’s Practice Escuchar = to listen to

24 ¡Práctica! Complete each sentence with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. 1) El Señor Flynn (enseñar) _____ español. 2) Sr. Krob (preparar) ____ lecciones interesantes. 3) La profesora y yo (hablar) _____ en la clase. 4) Yo (andar) ___ en bicicleta a la escuela.

25 -ER Verbs

26 “-ER” verb endings: -o -es -e -emos -éis -en

27 Ejemplos: leer comercorrerbeber

28 Práctica: 1) I eat Italian food. 2) We eat at In-N-Out Burger. 3) Do you drink Coke or Pepsi? 4) My dog runs.

29 -IR Verbs

30 “-ir” verb endings: -o -es -e -*imos* -ís -en

31 Ejemplos: escribir subir vivir recibir decidir Asistir a Abrir

32 Práctica: 1.We write a lot in Spanish class. 2.I receive 20 s. 3.We live in Santa Maria. 4.I attend SJHS. 5.Mr. Flynn opens the door.

33 Práctica – el presente

34 Patinar

35 Tocar

36 Escuchar

37 Bailar

38 Cantar

39 Viajar

40 Nadar

41 Make a Quick Reference Card: Neatly Draw THREE conjugation boxes (AR / ER / IR) and write in the endings. Must be done in pen or marker!

42 TAREA: WS – Present Tense Practice 1


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