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The SAF Training within National Fire Brigade: First Level Phase A Dipartimento dei Vigili del Fuoco, del Soccorso Pubblico e della Difesa Civile Direzione.

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Presentation on theme: "The SAF Training within National Fire Brigade: First Level Phase A Dipartimento dei Vigili del Fuoco, del Soccorso Pubblico e della Difesa Civile Direzione."— Presentation transcript:

1 The SAF Training within National Fire Brigade: First Level Phase A Dipartimento dei Vigili del Fuoco, del Soccorso Pubblico e della Difesa Civile Direzione Centrale per la Formazione FIRE-FIGHTERS DIRECTORS Fioravante Di PalmaMarina Malinconico Gaetano Di SalvoAntonio Perazzolo Pierluigi FrontaliFrancesca Petrocco Francesca GuidoSebastiano Rotta Maurizio PendiniFabio Massimo Tossut

2 Introduction ► SAF acronym ► SAF techniques improve: - operator safety; - rescued people safety; - rescue performances; ► EURES Project

3 European Project EUSR Comparative analysis of the methods in use. This should lead to a concept for all EU-Fire brigades for the installation, training and technical equipment of fire service groups for special rescue from heights and depths as well as a basic training manual for every fire fighter. AIM: minimize the risks related to operations in heights and depths during fire attack and technical rescue. European Union Special Rescue

4 Project partners Italia United Kingdom Deutschland España France Lussemburgo Nederland Czech Republic Belgiё

5 Report Subjects 1. SAF Techniques 2. Competence levels 3. Description of 3. Description of First Level Phase A 4. Present competences distribution

6 SAF Objectives Relief in non-ordinary places Rescue operations in ruined areas Altitude rescue activities in safety conditions

7 Intervention Scenario Rescue in difficult condition such as in deep wells. Double descent rope (safety dynamic and manoeuvring static), static anchorage.

8 Intervention Scenario Injured person rescue with “toboga” litter

9 Intervention Scenario Working in safety condition on the façade of a church with cracks resulting from seismic actions using ladder truck

10 Intervention Scenario Rescue with “toboga” litter and helicopter. Injured person rescue and urgent transportation to the hospital for the first aid

11 Intervention Scenario Freight ropeway for transportation of injured person secured within the “toboga” litter

12 Competence Levels SAF Course 1° level phase “A” SAF Course 1° level phase “B” SAF Course “Fluvial-Alluvial” First Sanitary Aid Course SAF Course 2° level phase “A” SAF Course 2° level phase “B”

13 SAF Course 1 st level phase “A” Objective: Improve rescue operators safety during operations with high risk of fall, using mountain and cave climbing procedures and specific equipments. Activity only in team Duration: 1 week

14 SAF Course 1 st level phase “B” Objective: Acquire more autonomy in victims rescue under complex conditions with heavy loads. Duration: 2 weeks

15 SAF Course Fluvial - Alluvial Objective: Learn rescue techniques in fluvial-alluvial environment with heavy stream, in safety conditions. Duration: 2 weeks

16 First Sanitary Aid Course Basic Life Support part Trauma Vital Support part Duration: 1 week

17 SAF Course 2 nd level phase “A” Objective: Acquire deeper knowledge about SAF techniques and equipment, accidental scenarios and available resources to optimise the rescue operations in synergy with other specialized teams. Duration: 3 weeks

18 SAF Course 2 nd level phase “B” Objective: Apply SAF techniques in synergy with C.N.VV.F. Flight Department, integrating them with helicopter usage, to reduce territorial, morphological and climatic limits, which can heavily obstruct the Fire-fighters operations. Duration: 2 weeks

19 1 st Level Course phase A Course aim Organization and structure Contents Final evaluation

20 Course aims Increase the safety of rescue operators according to the European Directives concerning the improvement of workers safety and health while working 89/391/CEE, 89/654/CEE, 89/655/CEE, 89/656/CEE, 90/270/CEE, 90/394/CEE, 90/679/CEE) Improve the professional skills of rescue operators guarantying the rescue of a larger number of persons with a higher level of safety.

21 Organization and structure COURSE 1A PRACTICAL THEORETICAL I.The first two days includes two theoretical and two practical sessions. II.Third and fourth day includes one theoretical and three practical sessions. III.The last day is fully dedicated to the final evaluation which includes a theoretical part (quiz) and practical tests. Course duration is 36 hours

22 Organization and planning DAYI sessionII sessionIII sessionIV session MONDAY CLASS PRACTICE TUESDAY CLASS PRACTICE WEDNESDAY CLASSPRACTICE THURSDAY CLASSPRACTICE FRIDAY LEARNING EVALUATION

23 Organization and structure For each team: One instructor each 5-6 students One rescue bag (sacco pompiere) One safety rope bag

24 Contents THEORY : BASIC NOTIONS 1- Equipment & tools 4- Radiocommunications & signals 2- Operational & manoeuvring techniques 3- Equipment managements 5- Rescue with helicopter

25 Contents PRACTICE : MANOEUVRING ► Dropping and lifting with single manoeuvring rope (Gri-Gri) and safety rope ► Emergency climbing and descent techniques, in autonomy operation with fixed rope ► Progression technique

26 Contents Dropping and lifting with single manoeuvring rope (Gri-Gri) and safety rope

27 Contents Rise and descent techniques, during emergency situations, in autonomy with fixed rope

28 Contents Progression technique

29 Final Evaluation EXAMINATION PRACTICAL THEORETICAL 35 questions (quiz); The test is passed with at Least 25 correct answers 2 execution tests on manoeuvring 1° test: anchorages, drop and lift with safety system; 2° test: rise and descend techniques in emergency condition, eight shaped knot and progression arrangement.

30 Final Evaluation In case both tests are passed, the final vote is: (1) SUFFICIENT (2) GOOD (3) EXCELLENT Theoretical and practical tests are separately evaluated The final test is considered passed only if the two verifications are passed

31 Conclusions Training level 1 phase A is extended to all incoming operative personnel (since 1994); Gradual formation of in service personnel; basic information to the staff on duty not yet skilled on SAF methodology; Present situation

32 Conclusions Present licenced personnel:

33 Conclusions Statistical Analysis on total skilled personnel until 01/01/2005

34 Conclusions Future Developments: Training level 1 phase A extended to the whole operational personnel; Upgrade to instructors level 1 phase B the personnel already trained to level 1 phase B (Circ. 2023/3706 - 20/04/01)

35 Main last Interventions with SAF techniques in Italy Search missing persons among glaciers of Granzebru (2000) Umbria – Marche Seism (2001) Pirellone (2001) Molise Seism (2002) Cupola of San Pietro (2005)

36 Search missing persons among glaciers of Granzebru

37 Umbria – Marche Seism

38 Pirellone

39 Molise Seism

40

41 Saint Peter Church


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