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2014 Native Tree Sale Tree Photos & Descriptions.

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Presentation on theme: "2014 Native Tree Sale Tree Photos & Descriptions."— Presentation transcript:

1 2014 Native Tree Sale Tree Photos & Descriptions

2 Red Sunset Maple Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’ Height: 40-60’ Spread: 30-40’ Sun: Full sun to part shade Site conditions: moist to wet, prefers acidic soil Notes: Tolerates a variety of soil types Flood tolerant Fast -growing Pyramid or oval shape crown Small, red flowers in early spring Showy, red-orange color in early fall Cultivar of Red Maple

3 Ohio Buckeye Aesculus glabra Height: 20-60’ Spread: 20-50’ Sun: Full sun to part shade Site conditions: moist to well-drained Notes: Yellow-green flowers in spring Showy fruit (buckeyes) Broad, oval-shaped crown, low branching Fall color typically yellow, sometimes orange to red Drops twigs, fruit and leaves All parts are toxic and have unpleasant odor when crushed Food source for squirrels

4 River Birch Betula nigra Height: 40-70’ Spread: 40-60’ Sun: Full sun to part shade Site conditions: moist to wet Notes: Peeling bark provides winter interest Fast-growing Irregular, spreading crown Well suited for areas that are seasonally wet Seeds eaten by wildlife

5 Northern Pecan Carya illinoensis Height: ’ Spread: 40-75’ Sun: Sun to part shade Site conditions: moist, well-drained soils Notes: Edible nuts Round crown Drought tolerant Dropped fruit, leaves and pecan husks release a substance which can stain clothes, vehicles, pavement Low, spreading branches

6 Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata Height: 70-90’ Spread: 50-70’ Sun: full sun to part shade, shade-tolerant Site conditions: moist, well-drained Notes: Irregular, oblong crown Edible nuts Provides wildlife food and cover Hardy Gold-brown foliage in fall Slow growth Produces litter from bark, large leaves, and nuts

7 Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Height: 35-60’ Spread: 25-35’ Sun: Full sun to part shade Site conditions: medium to dry sites Notes: Drought tolerant Need male and female trees in order to set fruit Rounded oval crown Edible fruit in fall Wildlife eat fruit Slow-growing Orange fall foliage

8 Tulip Poplar Liriodendron tulipifera Height: 60-90’ Spread: 30-50’ Sun: Full sun, sun part shade, shade Site conditions: moist to well-drained Notes: State Tree of Indiana Large, yellow, tulip-like flowers in spring Yellow foliage in fall Oval-shaped crown Intolerant of compacted soils Flowers attract pollinators Tall, straight trunk

9 Black Gum Nyssa sylvatica Height: 30-50’ Spread: 20-30’ Sun: full sun to part shade Site conditions: moist to wet Notes: Also called Black Tupelo Tolerates poorly drained soils, and somewhat drought tolerant Need a male and female tree to set fruit Fruit is dark blue Wildlife eat fruit Slow-growing Rounded crown Small flowers excellent for pollinators Showy fall foliage (ranges from yellow, orange, red, burgundy)

10 Black Cherry Prunus serotina Height: 50-80’ Spread: 30-60’ Sun: full sun to part shade Site conditions: moist to well-drained Notes: Showy, fragrant white flowers in spring Clusters of red cherries than turn to purple-black in late summer Wildlife eat fruit Fruit often used for jams and jellies Yellow fall foliage Fast-growing Drops leaves, twigs and fruit Can be alleopathic to garden plants All parts of plant except fruit is toxic

11 Swamp White Oak Quercus bicolor Height: 50-60’ Spread: 50-60’ Sun: full sun Site conditions: moist to dry sites Notes: Broad, rounded crown and short trunk Fall color is yellow, occasionally red-purple Acorns in early fall Drought resistant Durable and long-lived Fast growing Heavy acorn production every 3 to 5 years with light crops between Wildlife feed on acorns Produces litter from small twigs and acorns

12 Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpa Height: 60-80’ Spread: 60-80’ Sun: full sun Site conditions: moist to dry Notes: Drought tolerant Broad-spreading, rounded crown Acorns are an important food source for wildlife Fall color is yellow-brown Largest acorn of all native oaks Fast-growing

13 Pin Oak Quercus palustris Height: 50-70’ Spread: 40-60’ Sun: full sun Site conditions: moist to wet Notes: Tolerates some flooding Fall foliage is russet, bronze, red Spreading, horizontal branches with slender twigs Conical crown, straight trunk Fast-growing Acorns import wildlife food source Some leaves persist through winter

14 Red Oak Quercus rubra Height: 50-75’ Spread: 50-75’ Sun: full sun Site conditions: moist to dry Notes: Broad, spreading crown Fast-growing Good acorn production every 2 to 5 years Acorns are important wildlife food source Fall color is dark red-orange Tolerant of pollution and compacted soils

15 Sassafras Sassafras albidum Height: 30-60’ Spread: 25-40’ Sun: full sun to part shade Site conditions: moist to well-drained Notes: Tolerates dry, sandy soils Spreads by root suckers Need male and female trees to produce fruit Dark blue berries produced in fall Three different shaped leaves on the same tree Excellent fall color ranging from yellow, red, burgundy Aromatic Alleopathic to some plants Does well in disturbed sites with infertile soils Birds eat fruit

16 Bald Cypress Taxodium distichum Height: 50-70’ Spread: 20-45’ Sun: full sun Site conditions: dry to wet (including shallow water) Notes: Conifer that drops it’s needles in the fall Can produce knobby root growths (“knees”) in shallow water Turns orange-brown color in the fall Round purple-green cones

17 Pollinator Trees and Shrubs Red Maple - Rosy maple moth, native bees Allegheny Serviceberry – native bees Indigo Bush - California, Southern dogfaces, Silver-Spotted Skipper, Gray Hairstreak, Hoary Edge Skipper, native bees Northern Pecan – Gray Hairstreak Buttonbush –Titan spinx moth, Hydrangea sphinx moth, native bees, bumble bees, honey bees Redbud - native bees, bumble bees Pagoda Dogwood - Spring Azure Flowering Dogwood - Spring Azure, native bees Persimmon – Luna Moth, honey bees Spicebush – Spicebush swallowtail, Promethea silkmoth, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Tulip Poplar -Eastern Swallowtail butterfly, Tuliptree Silkmoth, honey bees Black Gum – honey bees American Plum – honey bees Black Cherry – New England buckmoth, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Viceroy, Columbia silkmoth, native bees, bumble bees, honey bees Bur Oak - Edwards Hairstreak, Horaces Duskywing Pin Oak - Gray Hairstreak Red Oak - Gray Hairstreak Sassafras - Spicebush butterfly, Promethea silkmoth, Pale swallowtail, Palamedes butterflies Pussy Willow – Mourning Cloak, Viceroy, native bees, honey bees, bumble bees Steeplebush - Columbia silkmoth, native bees Coralberry - Hummingbird Clearwing moth, native bees Bald Cypress - Baldcypress sphinx moth Arrowwood Viburnum - Spring Azure, native bees, bumble bees Blackhaw Viburnum – native bees, bumble bees


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