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David Connor European Commission DG Environment Unit C.2 Marine Environment and Water Industry Towards a marine information system for Europe WG DIKE 29-30.

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Presentation on theme: "David Connor European Commission DG Environment Unit C.2 Marine Environment and Water Industry Towards a marine information system for Europe WG DIKE 29-30."— Presentation transcript:

1 David Connor European Commission DG Environment Unit C.2 Marine Environment and Water Industry Towards a marine information system for Europe WG DIKE September 2014, Brussels

2 Future perspectives Building towards: 2018 – second round of MSFD reporting by MS on Art. 8, 9 and 10 (Art. 17) 2019 – Commission’s first evaluation report to the European Parliament and to the Council (Art. 20(1)), in particular Art. 20(3b): the review of the status of the marine environment, undertaken in coordination with the EEA and the relevant regional marine and fisheries organisations and conventions Based on: Revised Decision and Annex III Regional reports, incl. RSC ‘roof reports’ Improved data and assessment methods (e.g. common indicators of RSCs) More focused reporting from MS (incl. via RSCs) to EU level, with specific ‘products’ to demonstrate current environmental status and progress towards GES Use of other reporting (e.g. fish stock assessments under CFP), where possible

3 Towards a marine information system (MIS) for Europe MIS is focused on MSFD (whole marine environment, pressures and activities – ecosystem-based) and hence on environmental status and achieving GES, including sustainable uses MIS is needed for compliance (Commission) and state of marine environment (EEA) MIS will be a holistic data/information model – but is not a huge database – and identify where data/information are held and accessible MIS will help structure WISE-Marine (as a front-end portal) MIS will build upon data and information from MS/RSC/other reporting (MSFD reports, RSC roof reports, reports to other Directives/Conventions) MIS will need dialogue with MS and RSCs (and others) to define its content and what can be made available (e.g. in Art. 8 assessments) For MS and RSCs, MIS can define data/information products from regional and national assessments – and provide a basis for regional and national information systems

4 Programme of measures (Art. 13) Exceptions (Art. 14) Environmental targets (Art. 10) Monitoring programmes (Art. 11) Are measures sufficient to achieve GES? Are any exceptions applicable? Identify cost-effective measures, in addition to existing measures (including MPAs) Yes Prevent deterioration Good Environmental Status (Art. 9) No Identify targets to improve and maintain environmental status Achieve and maintain GES To assess progress with targets To assess environmental status and distance to GES To assess effectiveness of measures Assessment (Art. 8) Assess current status in relation to definition of GES Assess: current environmental status; pressures and impacts; uses and activities; costs of degradation Define / adapt definition of GES 1. MSFD implementation is under-pinned by information - reported for compliance checking (Commission) and state of the environment (EEA) needs – WISE-Marine /

5 Good Environmental Status (Art. 9) Assessment (Art. 8) Environmental targets (Art. 10) 2. Information at each stage needs to link to other parts of MS marine strategies and in WISE-Marine Monitoring programmes (Art. 11) Programme of measures (Art. 13) Exceptions (Art. 14) Competent Authorities (Art. 7)

6 BWD Habitats Birds CFP EQSD Nitrates UWWTD MSFD Integration across policies WFD International Conventions 3. Need to avoid double reporting, drawing upon reporting under other policies

7 Integration between MS, RSCs & EU Contracting Parties Regional Sea Conventions Member States European Commission/ European Environment Agency Convention obligations EU Directives Similar objectives Similar data RSCs 4. RSCs becoming a key player in regional reports for MSFD

8 Finland Sweden Denmak Germany Bulgaria Netherlands France Spain Italy EU/EEA data & information RSC roof reports National marine strategies Estonia Latvia Lithuania Poland Belgium UK Ireland Portugal Mallta Slovenia Croatia Greece Cyprus Romania 5. Complimentary integrated data and information to meet needs at each level – MS implementation, RSC objectives, EU compliance, EEA state of environment

9 Draft MSFD regions map 28 May Information linked to relevant geographic scales A. MSFD regions and subregions – GES determination, coherence, largest reporting scale Baltic Sea region Black Sea region Mediterranean Sea region North East Atlantic Ocean region

10 B. MS marine waters – jurisdictional and administrative areas Water column + seabed Seabed only (continental shelf areas)

11 C. Assessment and reporting areas (Art. 8) –> needs development: HELCOM nested system is a good model

12 Good Environmental Status (Art. 9) Assessment (Art. 8) Environmental targets (Art. 10) 7. Information and data needs to be synthisized for use at higher levels Monitoring programmes (Art. 11) Programme of measures (Art. 13) Exceptions (Art. 14) Competent Authorities (Art. 7) Member State Regional Sea Conventions European Commission European Environment Agency Synthesize, summarise Push systems Pull systems - INSPIRE

13 M anagement (Policies & Governance) M easures M onitoring Socio- economic benefits Ecosystem service benefits Environmental impacts Framework for information system Art. 8(1c) Art. 8(1b) Art. 8(1a) Art. 8(1c) CIS RSCs MS -CAs Art Art How to organise the information

14 Good Environmental Status (Art. 9) Assessment (Art. 8) Environmental targets (Art. 10) 2. Information at each stage needs to link to other parts of MS marine strategies and in WISE-Marine Monitoring programmes (Art. 11) Programme of measures (Art. 13) Exceptions (Art. 14) Competent Authorities (Art. 7)

15 Table 2 : overview of possible information units (level 3) DPSIR element Drivers (Activities) Pressures State of marine ecosystem Impacts on ecosystem services and natural capital Responses (Measures) Information Units Land based activities Extraction of living resources Production of living resources Extraction of non-living resources Transport and ship building Man made structures Tourism Energy production Non-indigenous species Nutrient pollution/ Eutrophication Hazardous substance pollution Marine litter Noise Physical damage Extraction of species Ecosystems Habitat type Species and functional groups (from MSFD reporting guidance) Commercial fish stocks Ecosystem services Socio economic statistics Marine Protected Areas Sector-specific measures Marine Spatial Planning More examples from PoM guidance Main topic areas

16 Outline information needs for EC/EEA Annex III Art. 3(1), Art. 4 Art. 9 Art. 19(3) Art. 8 (assessment against GES) Art. 10 Art. 19(3) Art. 8 (assessment against targets) Art. 13 What is being assessed? Which area is being assessed? What is the policy objective? (GES for MSFD) Assessment of pressure & its impacts Assessment of state, including impacts Current status? (in relation to GES) Targets to achieve GES Progress with target What is preventing target (& GES)? Actions needed ABCDEFGHI

17 Art. 9 What is the policy objective? (GES for MSFD) 1. Policy objective 2. Descriptor Art. 9(3) GES Decision 3. Criterion 4. Indicator Art. 9(1) 5. Regional/ MS MSFD Art. 3.5 definition Annex I: D5 Eutrophication Decision: Core Indicator: N levels in sea Core Indicator: P levels in sea Decision: Core Indicator: Chl-a levels Core Indicator: Secchi levels Decision: Core Indicator: O 2 levels Outline information needs for EC/EEA Pressure: Nutrient enrichment Art. 3(1), Art. 4 Which area is being assessed? Region/ Subregion MS Subdivision/ assessment area BalticFinland Gulf of Bothnia BC A

18 Art. 19(3) Art. 8 (assessment against GES) Assessment of pressure & its impacts Assessment of state, including impacts Current status? (in relation to GES) Art. 11Dataset Matrix/ element Output Status - criterion/ indicator Trend Status - overall Data from monitoring Distribution/ intensity map (model) Water - N % of assessment area affected Below GESStable Below GES Data from monitoring Distribution/ intensity map (model) Water - P % of assessment area affected Below GESImproving Data from monitoring Distribution/ intensity map (model) Elements affected: Coastal water, offshore water % of assessment area affected (below threshold value) Below GESDeclining As aboveBelow GESStable As aboveBelow GESImproving Pressure: Nutrient enrichment Outline information needs for EC/EEA Art. 9(1) 5. Regional/ MS Core Indicator: N levels in sea Core Indicator: P levels in sea Core Indicator: Chl-a levels Core Indicator: Secchi levels Core Indicator: O 2 levels D E C

19 Art. 10Art. 19(3) Art. 8 (assessment against targets) Targets to achieve GESProgress with target What is preventing target (& GES)? TargetIndicatorArt. 11Dataset Matrix/ element Output Target met? Activity Reduce N by X% or to Z levels (MAI/ CART) Riverine input levels Data from monitori ng Dataset for riverine discharg es Land sources - N Input load tonnes/ year Yes Agriculture Urban developments airborne input levels Data from monitori ng Data set for air inputs (modelle d) Air sources - N Input load tonnes/ year No Industrial developments Transport (shipping) Reduce P by Y etc.As above Urban (detergents) See pressure targets State/impact targets can be set according to Art but are in effect expressions of GES, so may not add anything unless interim values are set. Pressure: Nutrient enrichment Outline information needs for EC/EEA Art. 13 Actions needed MeasureSourceDetail 1Detail 2 Reduce fertilizer use CAPblahblah Waste water treatment UWWTD blahblah Industrial emission controls Air pollution directiveblahblah Shipping emissions MSFD (NECA)blahblah Domestic products (detergents) MSFDblahblah F G HI

20 Summary Accommodate MSFD needs (compliance, SoE) DPSIR framework Developing marine information system to accommodate all elements of MSFD process Make effective use of information from RSCs and other policies (Directives, CFP etc) Start to define key information needed at EU level, what should sit at regional and national level


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