Presentation on theme: "Perspective on Plastics Waste Management Dr. Abdulwahab Al-Sadoun Secretary General, Gulf Petrochemicals and Chemicals Association (GPCA)"— Presentation transcript:
Perspective on Plastics Waste Management Dr. Abdulwahab Al-Sadoun Secretary General, Gulf Petrochemicals and Chemicals Association (GPCA) firstname.lastname@example.org Meeting w/ UAE Ministry of Environment & Water Dubai; Monday April 28, 2013
CO 2 Agenda Plastics Waste Management GPCA’s Initiatives The Plastic Bags – Disposal Issue & Solutions Our Perspectives 9
CO 2 Plastics Waste Management 3 Income Per Capita Low MediumHigh Environment Quality Bad Good Source: World Bank Emerging Developed Economic Perspective Kuznet’s Curve on Economic Growth Vs. Environmental Quality Developing
CO 2 Plastics Waste Management 4 Per capita Solid Waste Generation in the GCC is among the highest globally growing at a rate of 10%, the highest on a global level. Growth Rate (%) Percent of Plastic Waste Size of the bubble corresponds to the MSW generation in Million Tons. MSW Generation (in Kgs) per person per year Source: Frost & Sullivan - 2011
5 Plastics Waste Management 198020001990 Evolution of Waste Management Services 20102020 Grate Technology Sewage Sludge Biogas Municipal Solid Waste Fluidised Bed Technology Waste Management Waste to Revenue Waste to Value Biomass Energy from Wastewater Integrated Waste Solutions Hazardous Waste Cogeneration (CHP) Agricultural Waste Biofuels Waste Gasification Waste to Energy Anaerobic Digestion Village Electrification from Waste ‘Value’ Recovery Mixed Waste Treatment Separation At Source Battery Waste Recycling WEEE Recycling Biological Waste to Energy
CO 2 Plastic Waste Management.. The disposal options! 6 Plastics Waste Management – The GCC Perspective
The Plastics disposal options.. Opportunities and challenges Global WTE market at $3.5 billion 400 plants in Europe & 100 in Japan, US 89, Asia 70 GCC with highest per capita waste generation is promising but cheap fossil fuel and low landfill rates are deterrent! Global WTE market at $3.5 billion 400 plants in Europe & 100 in Japan, US 89, Asia 70 GCC with highest per capita waste generation is promising but cheap fossil fuel and low landfill rates are deterrent! Efficient & low carbon way (Recycling 1 ton of PET saves 1.5 tons of CO2) Reduces reliance on virgin material Efficient & low carbon way (Recycling 1 ton of PET saves 1.5 tons of CO2) Reduces reliance on virgin material Predominantly used method, particularly in the developing countries Water Contamination due to leachate Landfill gases contributing to global warming Predominantly used method, particularly in the developing countries Water Contamination due to leachate Landfill gases contributing to global warming Landfilling Recycling Waste to Energy Least Eco Friendly Most Eco Friendly 7 Plastics Waste Management – The GCC Perspective
CO 2 GCC Solid Waste is large and growing steadily.. Saudi Arabia and the UAE account for > 80% of total regional municipal solid waste! GCC Waste Generation ~ 80 Million Tons GCC Waste Generation ~ 80 Million Tons Industrial Waste Construction & Demolition Waste Municipal Solid Waste GCC MSW Waste Generation ~ 26 Million Tons GCC MSW Waste Generation ~ 26 Million Tons 8 Plastics Waste Management – The GCC Perspective Source: Frost & Sullivan - 2011
CO 2 Substantial Percent of Waste is Organic and Recyclables Recycling Rate including that of Plastics is as low as 10% Source: Frost & Sullivan - 2011 Value Recovery through Recycling, is yet to be tapped in GCC Plastics waste in the GCC Solid Waste range from 5% in Saudi Arabia to 15% in Qatar … Composition indicates huge potential for recycling 9 Plastics Waste Management – The GCC Perspective
Concerted Efforts concerning ‘ 3R ’ ‘Reduce’ Cut down ‘Waste’ ‘Reuse’ Use repeatedly ‘Recycle’ Utilize again as resources WeakStrong Low High Mapping of Forces LEVEL OF IMPORTANCE DEGREE OF STRENGTH PUSHING FORCES 1 Growing population 2 Changing lifestyles with increasing purchase power Urban Infrastructure improvements Adoption of sustainable economic growth Acceptance of Food-grade Recycled PET 3 4 5 PULLING FORCES 3 4 5 Lack of sorting & segregation facilities Low public awareness Absence of regulations & poor implementation Institutional capacity constraints Limited domestic demand for recycled plastic, ample fossil fuels, cheap landfill rates 1 2 Source: Frost & Sullivan, 2011 2 1 3 4 1 3 2 4 5 5 10 Plastics disposal in the GCC.. the “Pushing” and “Pulling” forces Plastics Waste Management – The GCC Perspective
Agenda Plastics Waste Management GPCA’s Initiatives “Clean Up the Gulf” Campaign “Community Awareness” The Plastic Bags – The Disposal Issue & Solutions Our Industry Perspectives 9
12 GPCA’s Initiatives – “Clean Up the Gulf” Rabigh Riyadh Jubail Kuwait Dubai Abu Dhabi o launched in Feb. 27, 2013 across 6 cities in the GCC (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Riyadh, Rabigh, Al-Jubail, and Kuwait), o Designed to highlight issues associated with “waste management” and “littering”, and the need for the community to unite and respond to this environmental problem. o In Dubai, the campaign was inaugurated by HE Dr. Rashid Bin Fahad, Minister of Environment & Water o In the UAE alone, 800 people collected over 2 tons of waste in three hours. o Recyclable materials made up 35% of the waste collected in Dubai and was recycled by a Dubai based company.
13 GPCA’s Initiatives – “Clean Up the Gulf” Number of Participants Waste Collected (Kg) Divers Dubai30052917 Abu Dhabi5001,60027 Riyadh1002,500- Rabigh9154,00070 Al Jubail45074030 Kuwait250320- Total2,5159,689144
14 GPCA’s Initiatives – “Clean Up the Gulf”
15 GPCA’s Initiatives – “Clean Up the Gulf”
16 GPCA’s Initiatives – “Community Awareness” GPCA collaborated with INJAZ UAE to reach 500 Emirati students (aged 17-22) through a series of 8 Community Citizenship workshops during the academic year 2012-2013. The workshops highlight Anti-littering as a theme and raise awareness about recycling and the responsible disposal of waste. To date, 5 well-attended workshops have been conducted with the remaining 3 scheduled to be completed by the end of May 2013. The workshops have highlighted the low awareness among the students of the waste management strategy of Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recover.
Agenda Plastics Waste Management GPCA’s Initiatives “Clean Up the Gulf” Campaign “Community Awareness” The Plastic Bags – The Disposal Issue & Alternatives Our Industry Perspectives 9
18 The Plastic Bags – The Disposal Issue & Alternatives Plastic bags littering is a growing concern to all of us in the GCC Region
19 The Plastic Bags – The Disposal Issue & Alternatives Plastics waste present as debris in the marine environment is also a growing concern.. UN Studies concluded that land-based sources account for up to 80% of the world’s marine pollution of all types!!
The Plastic Bags – The Disposal Issue & Solutions Is it right to deprive our community from the use of the most versatile, cost effective product, because we cannot responsibly manage waste?
The Plastic Bags – The Disposal Issue & Solutions The solution to plastic litter is not to damn plastic It’s disposal in a responsible way – reuse, recycle, recover! The solutions do exist…
CO 2 Impact of plastics bags on CO 2 emissions 22 According to studies conducted by the UK Environment Agency, HDPE Plastic Bags are “greener” than supposedly low impact Choices (paper and cotton bags) : HDPE bags are, for each use, almost 200 times less damaging to the environment than cotton and paper bags HDPE bags also have less than one third of the CO2 emissions than multi-uses paper and cotton bags Source: Independent on Sunday; February 20 th, 2011. The role of plastics bags does not deserve any negative discrimination ! The Plastic Bags – The Disposal Issue & Solutions
CO 2 The oxo-biodegradable.. Is it an appropriate answer to the littering problem ?? And why not?? 23 Why ? 1.It give a false perception that littering is OK “as the bag will dissolve away”. 2.Lack of public understanding of the chemicals used to oxy-degrade plastics, the length of time needed to break up the plastics particles or what is left in the environment after degradation. The Plastic Bags – The Disposal Issue & Solutions Focus on 4 Rs : 1.Reduce: Bio-Degradable plastics risk to increase plastic bags consumption. Advanced plastics technologies allow plastics converters to reduce plastics use by 10-30%. 2.Re-Use: Bio-Degradable plastic bags are thin and not designed for reuse. A better environmental solution is a thicker, stronger bags that can be re-used, economically recycled and not be carried by the wind. 3.Recycle: Bio-Degradable Plastics bags can not be recycled. 4.Recover: Energy contained in plastic will be wasted. Plastics should be recycled into useful products and at the end of their useful life, the energy should be recovered..
Our Industry Perspective In the GCC, the existing “littering” culture combined with “insufficient recycling capacity” is a growing concern. 24 A multifaceted approach is needed to address the challenges abound: Legislations have to be framed aimed at “resource recovery” through “recycling” Collaboration between the Industry, the Environmental Groups and Governments to proactively manage the end of life issues with plastics Education of the public to appreciate the benefits of plastics and to understand the need to reduce, re-use, recycle and re-cover Plastic litter in any environment is unacceptable Plastics provide essential societal benefits, and sustainable solutions