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RESEARCH SUPERVISION Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture Academic Leadership Programme – 7 August 2013 Prof. Gerald.

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Presentation on theme: "RESEARCH SUPERVISION Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture Academic Leadership Programme – 7 August 2013 Prof. Gerald."— Presentation transcript:

1 RESEARCH SUPERVISION Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture Academic Leadership Programme – 7 August 2013 Prof. Gerald Steyn

2 CONTENTS Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture 1.Why research and supervision? 2.Art, architecture and science 3.Overcoming obstacles 4.Supervision styles and intensity 5.Role of the supervisor 6.Intellectual maturity 7.References

3 WHY RESEARCH AND SUPERVISION? Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture 1.Commitment: teaching, research, community engagement 2.To be part of a community of scholars (internationally too) 3.Applied research contributes to solving real-life problems 4.Research and research supervision are synonymous 5.Personal: curiosity-driven research is stimulating 6.Self-development – enriching

4 ART, ARCHITECTURE AND SCIENCE Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture The most beautiful experience we can have is the mysterious – the fundamental emotion which stands at the cradle of true art and true science. Albert Einstein Architecture is of all the arts the one nearest to a science, for every architectural design is at its inception dominated by scientific considerations. The inexorable laws of gravitation and of statics must be obeyed by even the most imaginative artist in building. Anonymous

5 Supervision and Research at Architecture Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture BUILDING TYPE OBJECTIVES & ISSUES RESEARCHCONCEPT DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

6 Group sessions

7 Presentations in front of group

8 Neutral examination settings

9 Rehearsing creates confidence

10

11 OVERCOMING OBSTACLES Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Aim not clearly understood  Lack of communication  Bad self-management  Language problem  Fear of writing  Perfectionism  Depression and despondency  Lack of study experience  Intellectual level and needs Topic analysis, thematic focus Regular interaction, group meetings Programme, time management Write in mother tongue and translate Template, writing exercises Quick and messy first draft Supervisor as counsellor Selection, bridging preparation Supervision style and intensity

12 SUPERVISION STYLES AND INTENSITY Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture ADVISOR INVOLVEMENT HighLow STUDENT INVOLVEMENT High 1. Mentoring 2. Coaching Low 3. Apprentice- ship 4. Unadvisable

13 ROLE OF THE SUPERVISOR Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture 1.Preparing for the role 2.Selection of the topic (before research has begun) 3.During the research 4.At the writing stage

14 1.PREPARING FOR THE ROLE Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Appropriate qualifications  Read extensively on subject, training, workshops  Internalise and formulate own position  Write study guide  Supportive, energetic, caring attitude

15 Develop own position Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Philosophy – own research vis-à-vis social contract  Strategy – questions and sub-questions vs. aim and objectives  Tactic – hypothesis vs. argument, rationale or theory  Courage – creative solutions and leaps of imagination  Assertiveness – write guide book  Credibility – high quality international conferences  21 st century – be flexible!

16 2.SELECTION OF THE TOPIC Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Niche Area themes and topics  Contribution to own research (acknowledge!)  Interesting, relevant and needed  Achievable in time frame  Availability of resources and funding  Matches student’s capabilities  Availability of specialist expertise  Professional usefulness

17 Formulating the aim Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture I am studying because I want to find out in order to by (justification) (how?) Tswana architecture more about the history, typology and technology expand my knowledge of vernacular African architecture  Searching literature  Surveying sites  Interviewing community elders

18 The literature survey Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Clarity on problem  State of the art  Significant prior research  No quilting!  Develop a narrative

19 3.DURING THE RESEARCH Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Structured programme of progress  Clear research plan  Aggressive follow-up on deadlines  Guard against too much control of process  Collecting data is not research – insist on critical thinking  Professionalism essential – punctuality, responsiveness

20 2013 year programme NoSTAGEACTIVITIES AND DELIVERABLESDATEWEEKS 1 ADMINISTRATIVE  Information session and registration.  Hand out of Design VI start-up project 31 Jan— 2 DESIGN THESIS BRIEF/ START-UP ASSIGNMENT  Thesis candidates to hand in briefs  See objectives, outputs and assessment criteria.  Candidates’ briefs to be distributed as Assignment # 14 FebTwo 3 DESIGN CONCEPT PRESENTATION  Candidates submit design concepts and accompanying information, including 500 word rationale.  Design review [crit] sessions to be arranged. 6-7 MarThree 6 COLLOQUIUM The purpose of the colloquium is to evaluate the status of of the following: (1) Rationale, objectives & issues; (2) Precedent studies; (3) Site appraisal, (4) Programme & accommodation; (6) Technical resolution. 11 AprFive 7 INTERIM ASSESSMENT  Supervisors must assess progress since the colloquium, and report in writing to the HoD and the PG coordinator.  At this stage supervisors may advise that a candidate should be withdrawn from the examination process 17 JunNine + 8 DRAFT THESIS DOCUMENT From 18 June complete design and the document and submit to supervisor 18 JulFour 9 TECHNICAL EXAMINATION Focus on technical documentation from 19 July up to the exam. 3 SepSeven 10 THESIS DOCUMENT FOR PROOF READING  Supervisors to complete review of drafts by 1 August.  From 2 August to 17 September make time to respond to supervisors’ comments.  Submit document for language editing.  Also submit one page illustrated abstract 18 SepTwo 11 PREPARING FOR SUBMISSION OF DOCUMENT  From 18 September onwards candidates must finish their improved drawings and models for inclusion in the thesis document.  Editors to return all manuscripts by 9 October. 9 OctThree 12 FINAL THESIS DOCUMENT  From 9 October onwards, respond to language editor and print and bind four copies.  Refine drawings and models to be included in document.  Submit final document for distribution to external examiners, as well as abstract by 12:00 (No late submissions will be allowed!) 31 OctThree 13 PREPARING FOR THE EXAM  From 31 October onwards candidates must finish their poster presentations and PowerPoints.  Presentations must be rehearsed.  All exhibitions must be in place at 16:00 on 19 Nov. Three 14 EXAMINATION This will be either a one or two-day event, depending on the number of candidates Nov

21 Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture COMPONENTS DESCRIPTION Methodology  Quantitative  Qualitative  Mixed Method(s)  Descriptive  Historical  Experimental Technique(s)  Literature & precedent  Interviews & questionnaires  Measured -/photo surveys Research design

22 4.AT THE WRITING STAGE Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Outlining and templates – maintain the big picture  Academic grammar and style  Writing attitude – demystify the process  Professional editing and proofreading WIST – Would I Say That?

23 Outlining a thesis/dissertation Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Method of investigation  Review of the literature  Current dispensation  Analysis and Findings  Introduction  Conclusions and recommendations  Proposed dispensation Depending on the discipline/level/theme/topic:

24 Grammar and style Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Conventions prescribed by TUT  Conciseness and simplicity is critical  Quotations distract from academic appearance  Rules for sentence length, paragraph construction, etc.  Academic quality writing  Author remains anonymous – use ‘I’ with great care! – Typography

25 Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture Writing attitude and tools  Outline contents – process seldom linear  Templates can be helpful  Start ‘quick and messy’ – psychological and practical value  Avoid personal opinions / value judgments  Write to support the focus – ask ‘so what?’  Consolidate data into graphics – insert after relevant text  Graphics are not decorations – always reference + caption  Plan the next session – park ‘downhill’

26 Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture The value of graphics

27 Feedback and paper trail

28 INTELLECTUAL MATURITY – A CRITICAL SELF EVALUATION Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture 1.What did I try to achieve? 2.Why did I do it? 3.How did I do it? 4.What kind of results did I get? 5.What do the results mean?

29 REFERENCES Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment Department of Architecture  Bolker, Joan Writing your Dissertation in Fifteen Minutes a Day. New York: Henry Holt.  Creswell, John Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method Approaches. London: Sage.  Davis, Gordon and Parker, Clyde Writing the Doctoral Dissertation: A Systematic Approach. New York: Barron’s.  Single, Peg Demystifying Dissertation Writing: A Streamlined Process. Sterling: Stylus.  Van der Westhuizen, Gert Research methods: Design, Supervision and Publications. Johannesburg: Belvica.


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