My information Ryan Williams Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: myrobinson.gsu.edu, Ulearn, http://www.ryanwilliams7.com http://www.ryanwilliams7.com Office location: Alpharetta Center, 123D Office phone:404-413-7769 OFFICE HOURS: Mondays and Wednesdays from 11:00am – 12:00pm
Today’s Agenda Quick summary of syllabus Discussion of course My expectations Math Skills Chapter 1 - Introduction
Syllabus – Important Highlights Attendance policy – Department-wide! On this – you are allowed to miss two weeks of class. That means only FOUR classes. I reserve the right to pass the attendance sheet at any point in time. Exam 1 – 9/27/2010 Exam 2 – 11/1/2010 Final Exam – 12/11/2010 at 3:45-6:15
Grading Policy Two midterms: 25% each One Final Exam: 40% Quizzes: 6% Resume: 2% Problem Set: 2% We will have 5 quizzes and I will drop the lowest 2. If you miss a class you will receive a 0% for the quiz.
Texts Main text: “Lectures in Corporate Finance”, 5 th ed., by Jayant Kale and Richard Fendler. Optional: 12-week subscription to The Economist, cheap student rates. Go to http://www.economistacademic.co m and use Faculty ID code 6105. http://www.economistacademic.co m
Calculator Texas Instruments BA II Plus HP also makes a version Can use NO calculator with a memory We have used calculators available for $20. First come, first serve. Contact Prof. Genna Brown email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Course Outline Split into 3 sections: 1) Blending Accounting and Finance Financial Statements, F.S. Analysis, Fin. Mngt 2) Valuation from an Investor’s point of view Time value of money, valuing stocks, valuing bonds 3) Valuation from a CFO’s point of view Capital Budgeting
Classroom rules Cellphones OFF – If your phone rings, I get to answer it. (Also true for me). No texting. If I see you texting you will be asked to solve a problem on the board. I prefer no laptops. However, if you take notes on the laptop, please sit near the back of the classroom so you do not distract students behind you.
Final words of wisdom This class is hard, however: You may have heard the class requires a lot of math formulas, but everything is based on ONE FORMULA – not much memorization This class rewards thinking, not arithmetic.
Learning Objectives 1. Identify the three main subject areas in finance 2. Know the different forms of business organization and discuss the agency problem 3. Define the goal of corporate financial management 4. Compare/contrast finance and accounting 5. Understand how cash affects value
Why is finance important? A horrible product (usually) dooms a business. A great product is not enough - horrible financial management coupled with a great product (usually) also dooms a business.
3 subfields of finance Financial markets and institutions (or Banking) = Middleman Investments = Surplus (they invest money in stock, bonds, and savings accounts) Corporate Financial Management (or Corporate Finance) = Deficit (they take money from investors and buy stuff) *Identifying, managing, and valuing risky cash flows is the goal of finance*
Basic forms of Business Organization Sole proprietorship Partnership Corporation Advantages/Disadvantages?
Ownership structures TypeOwnershipAbility to Raise Capital Liability Sole Proprietorship 100% owned by a single individual Owner usually manages company DifficultUnlimited personal liability PartnershipTwo or more individuals Less difficult than Sole Proprietorship Similar to Sole Proprietorship CorporationTypical separation of owners and managers The least difficult of all forms Limited to owner’s initial investment Also taxation and liquidity differences
Agency Problem Getting the agent (the person running the business) to act in the interest of the principal (the shareholders who own the business).
Financial manager’s goal Maximize value of the firm. Same as maximizing stock price. NOT the same as “maximizing profits”. Why not? She accomplishes this goal by two basic decisions: How to get money (raise capital), and what to do with it (real investment).
Accounting and Finance Accounting USUALLY deals in Book Value (i.e. cost) Finance USUALLY deals with Market Value (what someone would pay you for it today). Accounting is historical data (annual reports, 10-K filings, etc). Finance attempts to project future data – BUT YOU NEED TO UNDERSTAND ACCOUNTING TO DO THIS
Cash and Value Value = all future expected cash flows discounted by their riskiness (we will slightly refine this definition later). CASH is the only thing that matters here! This may seem counterintuitive right now, but should be more clear when we look at Stock Valuation in Chapter 9.
Class Summary – Why should you care? After the introductory accounting chapters, this entire class is associated with VALUE. Specifically, how to value a bond, a stock, or a new project for a company.
Next Monday: You owe me: Resume, upload picture to MyRobinson Prepare for Quiz 1: Introduction, Income Statement and Balance Sheet