Presentation on theme: "A brief overview Night class – Spring 2013. Satire is a style of rhetoric that exposes vices and foolishness in people and society Satire generally."— Presentation transcript:
Satire is a style of rhetoric that exposes vices and foolishness in people and society Satire generally uses humor, irony, sarcasm, and other techniques to get an emotional reaction from the audience Satire often aims to create political or social change Here are a few techniques that may be used in satire…….
Hyperbole Also called exaggeration In satire, hyperbole is used to make an idea or situation seem ridiculous by taking it to the extreme Examples: Google opt-out - http://youtu.be/lMChO0qNbkY KFC Double Down - http://youtu.be/YZ9Yy3NgABY http://youtu.be/lMChO0qNbkY http://youtu.be/YZ9Yy3NgABY
Reversal Presenting the opposite of what people are used to experiencing Makes the audience think about what they consider “normal,” and why Example: Marriage ban - http://youtu.be/wVeGUSGkhfw http://youtu.be/wVeGUSGkhfw
Parody Imitating someone for comedic effect Often includes the use of other techniques (hyperbole, irony, etc.) Example: Brad Paisley/LL Cool J - http://www.nbc.com/saturday-night- live/video/weekend-update-ll-cool-j-and-brad- paisley/n35546 http://www.nbc.com/saturday-night- live/video/weekend-update-ll-cool-j-and-brad- paisley/n35546
Incongruity Putting things together that normally wouldn’t go together This can be used to make ordinary things seem ridiculous Example: Obama teleprompter - http://youtu.be/aXQTaWjMoFw http://youtu.be/aXQTaWjMoFw
Irony Using words in a way that conveys the opposite of their literal meaning Can be used to show difference between appearance and reality Example: Star Trek reviews - http://youtu.be/02LgdXVkXgM http://youtu.be/02LgdXVkXgM
Sarcasm Like irony, but more “mean” Usually used to mock a person, situation, or idea Example: Stephen Colbert - http://youtu.be/aFf1lYyKE04 http://youtu.be/aFf1lYyKE04
Understatement Like hyperbole, this is a type of exaggeration Can be used to make a situation or idea seem less important than it really is Example: “Just right” - http://youtu.be/y_HiX5eUfNo http://youtu.be/y_HiX5eUfNo
Misunderstanding: Audience may think the satirist is being serious Misuse: People hide behind the idea of satire to get away with saying really stupid and cruel things Missing the Point: Too much satire can distract the audience from the “real” message
Subject: What is the main idea? Occasion: What current event/trend is the author reacting to? Audience: What person/group is the satire targeting?
Purpose: What is the “real” message behind the satire? Speaker: How does the author create credibility? Why should we trust this person?