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Jane Horton, MD October 7, 2010 Washington and Lee University Presentation to VACALC.

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Presentation on theme: "Jane Horton, MD October 7, 2010 Washington and Lee University Presentation to VACALC."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jane Horton, MD October 7, 2010 Washington and Lee University Presentation to VACALC

2 Green Dot is built on the premise that in order to measurably reduce the perpetration of power- based personal violence, a cultural shift is necessary In order to create a cultural shift, a critical mass of people will need to engage in a new behavior or set of behaviors that will make violence less sustainable within any given community The “new behavior” is a green dot

3 Green Dot: A single choice in one moment in time that makes the world safer. Green Dot: A social movement that harnesses the power of peer influence and individual bystander choices to create lasting culture change resulting in the ultimate reduction of power-based personal violence.

4 Key theoretical drivers of Green Dot: Bystander Behavior Theory Diffusion of Innovation / Social Diffusion Theory Social Marketing Theory Socio-ecological Model of peer and cultural influence

5 Diffusion of Innovation / Social Diffusion Theory – Behavior change in a population can be initiated and then diffused if enough natural and influential opinion leaders within the population visibly adopt, endorse and support an innovative behavior (Rogers, 1983) – Popular opinion leaders (POLs) of a given population are identified, recruited and trained – They shift targeted attitudes and behaviors in their community and sphere of influence – Application has been successful across settings and content areas

6 Social Marketing: Understand the consumer—involve key stakeholders in design and implementation Design the “product” to meet consumer needs, desires, expectations Market the “product” to overcome consumer obstacles, misperceptions Goal—product and marketing are consistent with community mission, vision, values

7 Green Dots carry influence and create change across all levels of the socio-ecological model. Regardless of the level, ultimately change is created when an individual takes a specific action. The scope of the influence – from individual to societal – is determined by the access and sphere of influence of the individual.


9 Tim, the freshmen college student makes the single choice to write a paper on violence prevention, increasing his knowledge and making an impact at the individual level. Paul, a lawyer in town, makes the single choice to have a conversation with his brother about the importance of getting involved in prevention efforts, making an impact at the relational level.

10 Karen, president of the local home-owners association, makes the single choice to organize a community training for her neighborhood, impacting at the community level. Kristen, a Hollywood producer, makes the single choice to avoid gratuitous violence in all her movies, making an impact at the societal level.

11 In order for individuals to forward prevention efforts by engaging in a new behavior, they need to: Believe there is an issue Believe they are a necessary part of addressing the issue Know what to do Know how to do it Feel their contribution is manageable

12 Three key tasks of Green Dot training: Recognize red dot behaviors Identify our “self-defining moments” when our recognition of red dots meets our obstacles and we are tempted not to act Minimize, eliminate or overcome these obstacles and perform green dots


14 The Green Dot curriculum is comprised of three primary components, each with an emphasis on particular elements of the Butterfly: Green Dot Persuasive Speech Green Dot Bystander Training Social Marketing Campaign

15 Green Dot Persuasive Speech – 5 minutes to 1 hour – Introduce the basic elements of Green Dot – Use persuasive and inspirational language – Generate community-wide buy-in – Butterfly: build ownership through relationship building and connection to issue

16 Social Marketing Campaign – Increase awareness and social acceptance of core language and principles of Green Dot – Use of Green Dot symbols and marketing strategies – Associate Green Dot with socially influential individuals and groups (POLs) – Increase social desirability of targeted bystander behaviors – Butterfly: maximize the influence of each Green Dot behavior

17 Green Dot Bystander Training Interactive training, 5-7 hours Tailor for target audience and issue Equip participants with knowledge and skills to increase proactive and reactive bystander behaviors Target participants that carry the most social influence across sub-groups within the community – Intentional relationship building and invitations Butterfly: build competence, knowledge and skills to intervene

18 Green Dot Bystander Training 4 modules, each utilizing multiple learning modalities – Lecture – Video clips – Clickers, Go to your corner, Chip questions – Small group skills practice – Activities to develop / strengthen ownership

19 Green Dot Bystander Training Module One: “Tiny pushes…” – An Introduction to Green Dot I long to accomplish a great and noble task, but it is my chief duty to accomplish humble tasks as though they were great and noble. The world is moved along, not only by the mighty shoves of its heroes, but also by the aggregate of the tiny pushes of each honest worker. -Helen Keller

20 Do you know someone who has had an act of power based personal violence committed against them? 1.Yes 2.No

21 If you know someone who has had an act of power-based personal violence committed against them, was there ever a bystander who could have attempted to stop the violence? 1.Yes 2.No


23 Have you ever directly observed a red- dot moment? 1.Yes, on campus 2.Yes, off campus 3.Yes, both on and off campus



26 Green Dot Bystander Training Module Two: “Not to be neutral…” – Recognizing Red Dots Washing one's hands of the conflict between the powerful and the powerless means to side with the powerful, not to be neutral. -Paulo Freire





31 Green Dot Bystander Training Module Three: What we are capable of doing…” – Bystanders: Identifying Self-defining Moments and Overcoming Obstacles


33 Understanding Offender Behaviors that: 1)are potential high risk 2)could be pre-cursors to high risk

34 Alcohol…offenders best friend Ability to resist is reduced Less likely to report Moves blame from offender to victim

35 Concerning Behaviors that could lead to Sexual Assault Normal Behaviors within a Consensual Hookup Identifies someone they think they can score with Turns on the charm and tries to get the person to like them Buys the person a few drinks Uses some cheesy line like, “your place or mine?” They have sex

36  Take a second look  Check in  What if it were someone I loved?

37 Green Dot Bystander Training Module Four: “Above all, try something…” – Proactive and Reactive Green Dots It is common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something. -Franklin D. Roosevelt

38 Bystander Dynamics Peer Influence Personal

39 Bystander Dynamics Diffusion of Responsibility Evaluation Apprehension Pluralistic Ignorance Cause of Misfortune Helping Model

40 “To go against the dominant thinking of your friends, of most of the people you see everyday, is perhaps the most difficult act of heroism you can perform. - Theodore H. White

41 Personal “I’m an introvert” “I can’t stand conflict” “I’m shy” “I hate calling attention to myself” “It’s not my concern” “I don’t want to get involved”

42 Which of these bystander obstacles might keep you from acting? 1.There are other people around who will probably act so I don’t have to. 2.Don’t want to be embarrassed 3.No one else is doing anything 4.The victim looks like they “had it coming.” 5.My friends would give me a hard time if I did anything 6.My personality traits make it hard (I’m shy, hate conflict, etc.) 7.It’s not my concern and I don’t want to get involved.

43 3 categories of green dots: Direct Distract Delegate

44 You are at a party and you see a girl who is obviously intoxicated, being pulled up the stairs toward the designated room. Given your obstacles, what are you most likely to do? 1.Distract: Go to the guy and tell him you have had too much to drink and are about to puke and that he needs to take you to the bathroom. 2.Direct: Go up to the guy and ask him what he is doing. 3.Direct: Go up to the girl and tell her you want to talk to her in private. 4.Delegate: Tell the girl’s friend and suggest that she go get her

45 GO TO YOUR CORNER: You notice someone slipping a drug into someone’s drink at a bar. Given your obstacles, what are you most likely to do? 1.Direct: You confront the person who slipped the drug, “I saw you do that, and I’m going to call the cops.” 2.Direct: You tell the person whose drink was drugged. 3.Distract: You “accidently” spill the drink. 4.Delegate: You let the bartender know what you saw and ask him/her to do something

46 Who we are is what we do…

47 Just impact your peers You already do it everyday!

48 What we do What we say

49 Interpersonal influence is THE most significant factor What are you communicating?

50 How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world. -Anne Frank

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