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There is no greater joy than soaring high on the wings of your dreams, Except maybe the joy of watching a dreamer who has nowhere to land but in the Ocean.

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Presentation on theme: "There is no greater joy than soaring high on the wings of your dreams, Except maybe the joy of watching a dreamer who has nowhere to land but in the Ocean."— Presentation transcript:

1 There is no greater joy than soaring high on the wings of your dreams, Except maybe the joy of watching a dreamer who has nowhere to land but in the Ocean of Reality. www.despair.com

2 Louis flees Paris & is caught FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread Abolition of monarchy & formation of the 1st Republic in 1792 (FC.105C) The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) Mob storms palace, imprisons king, & calls for convention to form a new constitution More internal turmoilMore military defeats Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil

3 Popular pastimes during the Revolution included singing patriotic songs and planting liberty trees. O pleasant exercise of hope and joy! For mighty were the auxiliars which then stood Upon our side, we who were strong in love; Bliss was it that dawn to be alive, But to be young was very Heaven: O times, In which the meagre, stale, forbidding ways Of custom, law, and statute took at once The attraction of a Country in Romance; When Reason seem'd the most to assert her rights When most intent on making of herself A prime enchantress -- to assist the work, Which then was going forward in her name. Not favor'd spots alone, but the whole Earth! --William Wordsworth, The Prelude

4 Revolutionary bowling. Make sure you avoid a king-bishop split. Not to mention that nasty looking counter-revolutionary dragon off to the side.

5 Royal Jailbreak: Varennes (June, 1791)

6 At the first annual celebration of the revolution 50,000 National Guardsmen from all over France and 300,000 Parisians witnessed the king taking an oath of loyalty to the new constitution. However, Louis was not loyal to the revolution since it severely restricted his power and even prevented him from leaving Paris to attend Mass in the country. So he decided to run away from home.

7 Since Marie Antoinette was from Austria, Louis and his family were to travel disguised as servants of a German baroness to the Austrian Netherlands. Helping them was Count Hans Axel von Fersen, most likely the queen’s lover, who arranged for a coach to help them escape. This is where things started going wrong, because Marie Antoinette insisted on a more luxurious coach so she could take the “minimum” two maidservants. They found such a coach, but it was much slower than the original one Fersen had found. Then the queen had to go shopping for new clothes and perfume, which delayed the trip even more.

8 They finally slipped out through an unguarded gate in the Tuileries palace and were soon rolling toward a rendezvous with a detachment of royal cavalry who would escort them to the border. Of course, before rapid communications like the telegraph or telephone, trying to coordinate travel schedules from two distant starting points was virtually impossible.

9 Thus, the inevitable delays occurred, with the cavalry arriving at the rendezvous point well ahead of Louis’ party. The sight of a large number of cavalry just hanging around town aroused suspicion among the locals as to why they were there. They claimed they were waiting for a payroll train, but it had gone through long before. Not knowing when or even if Louis would arrive, the cavalry finally had to depart, leaving the king without protection against any random son of a postmaster armed with a portrait of the king.

10 That son of a postmaster was a man named Drouet who, unfortunately for Louis, was a staunch supporter of the revolution, had been to Paris to celebrate the fall of the Bastille, and therefore recognized Louis from his portrait on an assignats note. Just to make sure, he brought a judge who had served Louis at Versailles to positively identify him. When the judge knelt to acknowledge his king, the game was up and Louis was arrested at Varennes, just thirty miles short of his destination. Below: a British cartoon making fun of Louis’ arrest at Varennes

11 To the credit of the royalist troops, they did come back to rescue the king, but were delayed nearly an hour when one of them fell into a hole in the forest. When they finally arrived, Drouet, backed up by a large number of national guardsmen stuck a pistol in an officer’s chest, convincing the troops to surrender. (Drouet later revealed that the gun wasn’t loaded.)

12 While it took one day to reach Varennes, it took four to return Louis to Paris, as he was escorted by thousands of national guardsmen proudly showing off their prisoner. A strange funereal silence met Louis as he entered the city, indicating any previous sympathy and support he had before was now mostly gone.

13 Not everyone was disappointed. Pickpockets had a field day while people watched Louis coming back from Varennes

14 On July 17, 1791 some 50,000 Parisians assembled, with 6,000 signing a petition calling for the king’s abdication. When the Marquis de Lafayette brought out the National Guard, the mob started throwing stones, and the troops opened fire, killing fifty men and women. The Revolution was starting to eat its own children.

15 Louis “real” intended victim? For some reason Robespierre, the rising Jacobin and future leader during the reign of terror, was convinced that Louis’ attempted flight was a plot aimed to kill him. The National Assembly wasn’t convinced.

16 Louis flees Paris & is caught The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) A sullen crowd watches as Louis is returned to Paris like a common criminal

17 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) What do radicals want to do with him?

18 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) What do middle class moderates want to do with him?

19 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) What happens?

20 7/17/1791- Demonstration to depose king  ? Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792)

21 7/17/1791- Demonstration to depose king  Riot  Nat’l Gd kills 50 The National Guard fires upon the crowd protesting Louis’ continued reign (7/17/1791) Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792)

22 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Who were the radicals & what did kind of govt did they want?

23 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Who were the liberals & what did they want?

24 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Who were the moderates & what did they want?

25 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Who were the conservatives and what did they want?

26 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Who won?

27 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 The National Assembly met in the old royal riding school with spectators perched above the speaker’s platform in the center and the different factions of delegates arranged from most radical on the left of the platform to the most conservative on the right Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) How well do they solve France’s internal problems?

28 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) So what do growing numbers of people want to do?

29 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Foreign countries’ concerns?

30 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Why does Louis want war?

31 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Why do the Jacobins want war?

32 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Why do the Girondins want war?

33 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) So what do they get?

34 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792) FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792)

35 FC. 105 THE COURSE OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1789-1871) Confusion, frustration & turmoil caused by the transition b/w types of govt.  More radical Girondins take over Fr’s neighbors decl. war to stop rev. from spreading It seems more acceptable since it’s not too radical a change Can’t take the drastic measures needed to solve the crisis Rev. starts moderately  Good & bad points: (FC.105A) (FC.105B) (FC.105A) (FC.105B)

36 At first, war was greeted enthusiastically as an opportunity to win glory for France and its revolution. Soon, however, the realities of how poorly prepared France was for war became apparent.

37

38 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792) How well did France do? FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792)

39 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792)

40 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) More internal turmoilMore military defeats Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil Domestic affairs? FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792)

41 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Louis flees Paris & is caught Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) More internal turmoilMore military defeats Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792)

42 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) More internal turmoilMore military defeats Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil Louis flees Paris & is caught Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution

43 FC. 105 THE COURSE OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1789-1871) Confusion, frustration & turmoil caused by the transition b/w types of govt.  More radical Girondins take over Fr’s neighbors decl. war to stop rev. from spreading Internal turmoil Military defeats It seems more acceptable since it’s not too radical a change Can’t take the drastic measures needed to solve the crisis Rev. starts moderately  Good & bad points: (FC.105A) (FC.105B) (FC.105A) (FC.105B)

44 FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) More internal turmoilMore military defeats Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil Louis flees Paris & is caught Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Reaction of the Paris mob?

45 FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) More internal turmoilMore military defeats Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil Louis flees Paris & is caught Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Mob storms palace & imprisons king,

46 Louis’ Swiss Guards defending the Tuileries against attacking Sans Culottes

47

48 The sections of Paris petition the National Assembly to hand over Louis.

49 FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) Mob storms palace, imprisons king, & calls for convention to form a new constitution More internal turmoilMore military defeats Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil Louis flees Paris & is caught Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 Mob storms palace, imprisons king,, & calls for?

50 FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) Mob storms palace, imprisons king, & calls for convention to form a new constitution More internal turmoilMore military defeats Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil Louis flees Paris & is caught Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 New type of govt. formed?

51 *** 7/17/1791- Demo. to depose king -> Riot -> Nat’l Gd kills 50 -Political clubs, not formal political parties -New Nat’l Assembly -Conserv’s: 264 seats -Moderates: 355 seats -Radicals: 136 FC.105B THE REVOLUTION HEATS UP (JULY, 1790-SEPTEMBER, 1792) Growing split over what to do with the discredited king More radical elements want to dethrone Louis & est. a republic Middle class, wanting to preserve their gains, defend Louis Moderate middle cl. satisfied with gains from the revolution so far Royalists who want to restore feudal order & monarchy Jacobins & Paris mob want centralized democr. republic Liberal Girondins favor a loosely run federal republic w/o king Girondins win vs. more extremist opponents & set up a more liberal govt. France’s economic problems (I.e., inflation & food shortages) continue War fever among all parties: Louis hopes Fr’s enemies will win & restore him Girondins hope to distract people from internal prob’s Foreign concern that revolution will spread Abolition of monarchy & formation of the 1st Republic in 1792 (FC.105C) The Revolution’s more radical reforms worry Louis (FC.105A) Mob storms palace, imprisons king, & calls for convention to form a new constitution More internal turmoilMore military defeats Fr. declares war vs. Austria & Prussia (1792)  French lose because of internal disorg. & turmoil Louis flees Paris & is caught Nat’l Assem. steps aside for new elections which are hotly contested by: Radical Jacobins want to spread revolution

52 FC. 105 THE COURSE OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1789-1871) Confusion, frustration & turmoil caused by the transition b/w types of govt.  More radical Girondins take over Fr’s neighbors decl. war to stop rev. from spreading Internal turmoil Military defeats CRISIS STAGE OF THE REVOLUTION CRISIS STAGE OF THE REVOLUTION It seems more acceptable since it’s not too radical a change Can’t take the drastic measures needed to solve the crisis Rev. starts moderately  Good & bad points: (FC.105A) (FC.105B) (FC.105C) (FC.105A) (FC.105B) (FC.105C)


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