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Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Where in your daily life do you experience advertising?

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Presentation on theme: "Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Where in your daily life do you experience advertising?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Where in your daily life do you experience advertising?

2 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Media surround us – TV, magazines, radio, the Internet, billboards – all packed with advertisements that scream BUY ME! Advertisers market their products in ways to grab your attention. They provide appeals and claims that entice you to buy what they are selling.

3 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature We have so many choices of the same type of product (shampoo, for example). These are called parity products, in which most of the ones available are nearly identical. The first rule of parity involves the Alice in Wonderlandish use of the words “better” and “best.” In parity claims, “better” means “best” and “best” means “equal to.”

4 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Just as knowing how to read is a vital skill for making informed decisions in life, so is understand ing that media that bombards us. It is important to understand the tactics that they are using to lure us in.

5 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature What is propaganda? Spreading of information to help or to hurt a cause. Telling only the side you want people to know. Propaganda appeals to emotions rather than intellect

6 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Advertising Techniques AVANTE GARDE The suggestion that using this product puts the user ahead of the times e.g. a toy manufacturer encourages kids to be the first on their block to have a new toy.

7 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Bandwagon Bandwagon is a form of propaganda that exploits the desire of most people to join the crowd or be on the winning side, and avoid winding up the losing side. Few of us would want to wear nerdy clothes, smell differently from everyone else, or be unpopular. The popularity of a product is important to many people. Even if most of us say we make out own choice when buying something we often choose well- advertised items -- the popular ones.

8 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Advertising copywriters must be careful with the bandwagon propaganda technique because most of us see ourselves as individuals who think for ourselves. If a bandwagon commercial is too obvious, viewers may reject the product outright.

9 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Facts and figures Statistics and objective factual information is used to prove the superiority of the product e.g. a car manufacturer quotes the amount of time it takes the car to get from 0 to 100 mph

10 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Glittering Generalities This technique uses appealing words and images to sell. The message this gives, through indirectly, is that if you buy the item, you will be using a wonderful product, and it will change your life. This cosmetic will make you look younger, this car will give you status.

11 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature HIDDEN FEARS: The suggestion that this product will protect the user from some danger e.g. a laundry detergent suggests that you will be embarrassed when strangers see "ring around the collar" of your shirts or blouses MAGIC INGREDIENTS: The suggestion that some almost miraculous discovery makes the product exceptionally effective e.g. a pharmaceutical manufacturer describes a special coating that makes their pain reliever less irritating to the stomach than a competitor's.

12 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature PLAIN FOLKS: The suggestion that the product is a practical product of good value for ordinary people e.g. a cereal manufacturer shows an ordinary family sitting down to breakfast and enjoying their product. PATRIOTISM: The suggestion that purchasing this product shows your love of your country e.g. a company brags about its product being made in America and employing American workers.

13 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature SNOB APPEAL: The suggestion that the use of the product makes the customer part of an elite group with a luxurious and glamorous lifestyle e.g. a coffee manufacturer shows people dressed in formal gowns and tuxedos drinking their brand at an art gallery. TRANSFER: Words and ideas with positive connotations are used to suggest that the positive qualities should be associated with the product and the user e.g. a textile manufacturer wanting people to wear their product to stay cool during the summer shows people wearing fashions made from their cloth at a sunny seaside setting where there is a cool breeze.

14 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature TESTIMONIAL A famous personality is used to endorse the product e.g. a famous basketball player (Michael Jordan) recommends a particular brand of shoes. Celebrity endorsements are frequent in Super Bowl advertisements.

15 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature WIT AND HUMOR Customers are attracted to products that divert the audience by giving viewers a reason to laugh or to be entertained by clever use of visuals or language.

16 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Questions for Analyzing Ads: To whom (which target audience) is the advertisement trying to sell the product? (age, gender, culture, lifestyle) Does this ad appeal to your emotions? If so, which emotion(s)? Look beyond any emotional appeal to find out what the ad really says (or doesn’t say) about the product or service. Do you detect any exaggeration or suspicious promises? If so, describe the “hidden message.” What is the intended use(s) of the product? Does the advertiser point out special features of the product that distract for the intended use? What are the signs or symbols in the ad? What are they saying? What advertising techniques are being used to sell the product?

17 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Bandwagon Facts and Figures Glittering Generalities Hidden Fears Magic Ingredients Patriotism Plain Folks Snob Appeal Transfer Testimonial Wit and Humor What advertising techniques are being used to sell the product?

18 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Questions for Analyzing Ads: To whom (which target audience) is the advertisement trying to sell the product? (age, gender, culture, lifestyle) Does this ad appeal to your emotions? If so, which emotion(s)? Look beyond any emotional appeal to find out what the ad really says (or doesn’t say) about the product or service. Do you detect any exaggeration or suspicious promises? If so, describe the “hidden message.” What is the intended use(s) of the product? Does the advertiser point out special features of the product that distract for the intended use? What are the signs or symbols in the ad? What are they saying? What advertising techniques are being used to sell the product?

19 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Bandwagon Facts and Figures Glittering Generalities Hidden Fears Magic Ingredients Patriotism Plain Folks Snob Appeal Transfer Testimonial Wit and Humor What advertising techniques are being used to sell the product?

20 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Questions for Analyzing Ads: To whom (which target audience) is the advertisement trying to sell the product? (age, gender, culture, lifestyle) Does this ad appeal to your emotions? If so, which emotion(s)? Look beyond any emotional appeal to find out what the ad really says (or doesn’t say) about the product or service. Do you detect any exaggeration or suspicious promises? If so, describe the “hidden message.” What is the intended use(s) of the product? Does the advertiser point out special features of the product that distract for the intended use? What are the signs or symbols in the ad? What are they saying? What advertising techniques are being used to sell the product?

21 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature What advertising techniques are being used to sell the product? Bandwagon Facts and Figures Glittering Generalities Hidden Fears Magic Ingredients Patriotism Plain Folks Snob Appeal Transfer Testimonial Wit and Humor

22 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature What does this have to do with Brave New World? Hypnopedia slogans are very similar to commercial advertising slogans “I love new clothes, I love new clothes... Ending is better than mending... I’m so glad I’m a Beta... was and will make me ill; I take a gramme and only am” John the Savage, Helmholtz and Bernard question their Brave New World’s propaganda

23 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Why is the propaganda in the text not challenged by most people in the society? Which characters do question the propaganda and what causes their questioning?

24 Mrs. Moulton * British Literature Just for fun …


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