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EMS/ISO 14000 NEED OF THE HOUR NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH INSTITUTE Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.

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Presentation on theme: "EMS/ISO 14000 NEED OF THE HOUR NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH INSTITUTE Council of Scientific and Industrial Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 EMS/ISO NEED OF THE HOUR NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH INSTITUTE Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

2 Presentation Coverage About NEERI Background of EMS / ISO ISO series of standards Principles of standards Benefits of ISO Proposed approach

3 NEERI – Organizational Setup CSIR DIRECTOR ZONAL CENTRES R&D GROUPS AT THE INSTITUTE

4 Environmental Consequences Spatial scale – Local to regional to global Temporal scale – Immediate to short-term to long-term Scope – Minor disturbances to large-scale modifications

5 Sustainable Development Earlier perception Development OR Environment Now Development AND Environment Evident in – Public pressure – Recent regulations

6 Sustainable Development (Contd..) Development without adversely affecting the ability to develop of future generations – Planet can support indefinitely Organizations may ask whether they are part of the solutions to social and environmental problems or part of the problems!

7 Environmental Pressures on Business Environmental issues can threaten business health - Closure - Resource quality - Quality of life Know the environmental status Decide suitable action plan

8 Environmental Management Credibility Gap Factors that have contributed to the credibility gap include : Corporate downsizing, which often throws environmental (and other) programs into tailspins Tight financial controls and increased scrutiny of the bottom-line contribution for all organizations in the company New management paradigms (i.e. reengineering, TQM) that distract management attention and reorient priorities Environmental strategies and programs that are too broad or try to do everything at once (thereby increasing costs and diluting payback) and do not fit well with the overall business strategy

9 Factors that have contributed to the credibility gap include : (Contd..) Unrealistically high expectations for potential benefits from strategic environmental management, resulting from overly aggressive sales jobs or cheerleading Early EH&S initiatives have picked the low-hanging fruit, removing the high return/ low effort opportunities Creation of an environmental culture that is not congruent with the business culture of the company Poor communication between the environmental organization and the lines of business about the types and sources of competitive advantage that can be accrued

10 Liability Containment Issue of Staff Public Image Product Positioning MBA FunctionsRegulatory Compliance The Full Triangle of Environmental Management

11 Lawyers (Liability Containment) Green Wall MBA The core nature of business is sliced from the environmental decision-making process, leaving the two-dimensional way of compliance, which lacks any strategic vision Engineers (Regulatory Compliance) “Money –Making” Defining the “Green Wall”

12 Examples of Companies That Have Hit the Green Wall Apple Computer, which cut its award –wining Advanced (Environmental) Technology Group as part of corporate downsizing; Warner Lambert, which is exiting the environmental packaging arena; ABB, which has positioned itself to sell off many environmental units and alter the internal Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) role; and McDonalds, which is struggling with how to sell hamburgers on the basis of the environmental merits of the company

13 Green Wall Syndrome Symptoms –No Support to strategic environment management –Deferred decisions Why ? –No focus to environmental safety & health progremmes –Inability to demonstrate its efficiency to others in organization –Inability to show tangible returns on investment

14 Turning Environmentalese… Into Business Got the enforcement guys off our back Fewer fines than last year Net present value of avoided fines Lost market share of fines as a percentage of industry fines Spent millions on remediation Decreased backlog of remediation, on time, on budget, and according to our strategy Met new regulatory requirements and invested in pollution prevention Return on investment for environmental capital investments Created a matrix team of EH&S and Engineering Leveraging of staff from engineering and operations to keep down the head count in the environmental group Language of Business and Environmentalese

15 Turning Environmentalese… Into Business Decentralized EH&S staff into operations Embedded environmental function in operations with a net increase in value added and a decrease in overall costs Created a Design for the Environment function Added environmental issues that are important to our customers into the product development process Added environmental features to our products Improvement in time to market and increased share due to improvements in the Design for the Environment program Language of Business and Environmentalese (Contd..)

16 The Integrated Potential for Environmental Management Strategic Environmental Management Stand –alone Strategy Fit with Business Strategy “Environmentalese” Language Business Language Embedded in Organization Matrix Organization Interactive Environmental Management “Green Wall” Environmental Management Source : Shelton in Corporate Environmental Strategy : The Journal of Environmental Leadership

17 Environmental Management Systems (EMS) From Reactive to Proactive Systems approach Inspired by – Quality Management System – QMS Standards – ISO 9000 Series – TQM

18 Parallels with Quality Initially, quality was only an extra cost driver Later, essential for selling in global market Firms realized profits due to lower servicing Now it signifies competitive advantage In future : zero defects

19 Emergence of ISO Success of ISO 9000 prompted development of ISO Strategic Advisory Group on Environment (SAGE) : 1991 TC 207 (1993) and sub-committees ISO 14001, 14004, (1996) ISO14040(97),14020,14041,14050 (98)

20 Evaluation & Auditing Management Systems Product oriented support tools EMS specification ISO EMS guide ISO Life cycle Assessment ISO Eco labelling ISO Auditing guidelines ISO Terms & definitions ISO 14050

21 ISO 14001: EMS Spec. Specification standard Specifies elements that can be audited and certified. Core requirements – Auditable elements – Interweave Annexure gives explanation of elements

22 Elements of ISO General Requirements Environmental Policy Planning Implementation and Operation Checking and Corrective Action Management Review

23 Environmental Aspects Elements of organisation’s activities, products or services which can interact with the environment. – Resource consumption – Releases to the environment – Energy consumption – Product ingredients

24 ISO EMS Model for Continual Improvement Re-define purpose & re-establish plan Define Policy & Establish Plan Identify aspects, & risk, establish internal criteria, set objectives,& targets, create strategic plan, develop management programme Review &Improve -Review -Correct & Prevent Implement -Ensure Capability- Measure & Assess -Measure & Monitor Initial Review Senior Management Commitment

25 Principles Behind ISO Better environmental protection Applicable in all nations Promote broad interests of public and users Cost effective, non-prescriptive, flexible to meet differing needs of organisations, worldwide scientifically based Practical, useful and useable

26 Benefits of EMS: Source ISO Assure customers Good public relations Investor criteria Less cost of insurance Image Vendor requirement Improve cost control Reduce liability Demonstrate reasonable care Conserve input & energy Ease in securing permits Better relations with Government Share environmental solutions

27 Benefits of EMS : Indian Context Emphasis on preventive, not on corrective strategies or actions. System demands continual improvement. Resource conservation that lends competitive edge. Global acceptance Better control of top management

28 Benefits of EMS to a Company In addition to the benefits discussed earlier following benefits are expected: Umbrella system to take care of following requirements : – Legal – Corporate While doing so individuality of the site can be maintained.

29 Benefits of EMS to a Company Reduced spillage, better house-keeping Trained work force high on motivation, better employee participation Company’s protection from environment and protection of the environment by company

30 Objectives In a Global economy, the firms have to meet the demands of the global marketplace Competitiveness : essential to survive – Resource productivity is key to survive Environmental protection – Meet demands : improve profits

31 Environmental Management System ProductionLegalParticipationMarket PPP Self Regulation High Quality Communication/ Better Accessibility Increased Competitiveness and Environmental Protection

32 Ist Step: Pollution Prevention Eliminate or minimize waste before creation Continual improvement(like TQM) to reduce waste and minimize utilities – 3P by 3M : Pollution Prevention Pays – WRAP : Waste Reduction Always Pays

33 IInd Step: Design for Environment Minimize adverse impacts on environment not only during manufacturing but in full life cycle Examine aspects and impacts during design steps – Xerox corporation : Savings in 1995 of the order of $ 400 million

34 IIIrd Step: Cleaner Technology Improve our processes – About 3/4 of cleaner production or technology adoptions pay back in six to eight months Invest in technologies of the future – For paint companies : water based paints – For cars : solar powered cars

35 Continual Improvement Environmental Planning Environmental aspects Legal & other Objectives & Environmental management Management Monitoring & Corrective Action Monitoring & Non- conformance, corrective & preventive EMS Implementation & Operation Structure & Training, awareness and Communication EMS Document Operational Emergency preparedness and =Similar to ISO 9001

36 EMS Implementation Timeline (First 7 Months) 1st2nd3rd4th 5th 6th7th Communications & Documentation Team Selection & Kickoff Start EMS Training for Team Implementation Plan Objectives & Targets Develop Procedures & Programs Legal & Other Requirements Identify Significant Aspects Gap Analysis & Report

37 EMS Implementation Timeline (Second 7 Months) 8th9th 10th11th 12th 13th14th Communications & Documentation 7th Develop Procedures & Programs 3 rd Party Audit Management Review Implement Procedures & Programs Internal Audit

38 The ISO Registration Process Pre-Assessment (Optional) Application and Proposal Stage 1 Visit Stage 2 Visit Registration Months 6-12 Months 2-4 Months 0-4 Months

39 ISO Registration Maintenance Process 6 Monthly Surveillance Cycle First Surveillance Visit Registration “Continuous” Registration 30 Months 6 Months Annual Surveillance Cycle Triennial Reassessment

40 Zonal Centres  Nagpur  Mumbai  Delhi  Kolkata  Chennai  Hyderabad  Jaipur

41 R&D Activities Air Pollution Control Environmental Biotechnology Environment Impact and Risk Assessment Environmental Modelling and Genomics Environmental Analytical Instrumentation Geo- Environment Management Solid Waste Management Information Technology Instrumentation Wastewater Engineering

42 NEERI – Organizational Setup CSIR DIRECTOR ZONAL CENTRES R&D GROUPS AT THE INSTITUTE  Nagpur  Mumbai  Delih  Calcutta  Madras  Hyderabad  Ahmedbad  Kanpur  Jaipur  Kochi Air Pollution Control Cleaner Technology Environmental Biotechnology Environment Eco-Technology Environment Impact Assessment Environment Audit & Risk Assessment Environmental Systems Instrumentation Environmental Analytical Instrumentation Land Environment Management Solid Waste Management Wastewater Engineering Toxic Waste Management Human Habitat Technology Water Technology


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