The Marshmallow Experiment Dr. Walter Mischcel, Stanford University 1960’s 1/3 ate the marshmallow in seconds 1/3 held off for 15 minutes Tested 4-year olds: Who delayed personal gratification?
The Marshmallow Experiment High Delayers at age 18: SATs 200 points higher; better grades. Higher ability to plan & think. However some Low Delayers Successful…
Learn the Skill: “Think about your thinking.” Example: When children were taught to pretend Marshmallow surrounded by a picture frame, willpower went from 60 seconds to 15 minutes! (They thought about their thinking.)
8 th graders asked to choose between 1 dollar now or 2 dollars in a week. Study of teens: Relationship between self-control and grades Delayers did better in school. Better predictor of academic performance than I.Q.
Study of teens: Relationship between self-control and grades Self-control is more important than intelligence for getting good grades.
Willpower is Weak! Good for 30 seconds 1: ? 2: ? 3: ? Help your Rider withTricks:
Help Rider with mental tips for resisting temptation: Distract Yourself! Identify tempting situations ahead & develop Trigger Strategies: Plan for what, where, how you will move towards your goal. Willpower is Weak! Good for 30 seconds
Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1593, Italy) Freeze Drama of the cartoons
Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1593, Italy) Cookie Time & Statement of Intention