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Vocal Characteristics  Volume  Pitch  Rate  Pauses  Vocal Variety  Pronunciation  Articulation.

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Presentation on theme: "Vocal Characteristics  Volume  Pitch  Rate  Pauses  Vocal Variety  Pronunciation  Articulation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocal Characteristics  Volume  Pitch  Rate  Pauses  Vocal Variety  Pronunciation  Articulation

2 Volume  Volume is the loudness or softness of the the speaker’s voice.  Speak loudly enough to be comfortably heard by everyone in your audience, and no louder.  Adjust to the acoustics in the room.  Glance at the people farthest away from you to see if they seem to be hearing you.

3 Pitch  Pitch is the highness or lowness of the speaker’s voice.  Pitch can affect the meaning of words.  Changes in pitch (inflections) reveal whether you are asking a question or making a statement; whether you are sincere or sarcastic.  Don’t be monotone – with a constant, hypnotic pitch or tone of voice.

4 Rate  Rate is the speed at which a person speaks.  A faster rate creates feelings of fear, excitement, anger, surprise, or happiness.  A slower rate is needed for complex information, or expressing sadness or disgust.

5 Rate  Avoid speaking too slowly – your audience will become bored.  Avoid speaking too quickly – your audience will lose track of your ideas.  Changing rates of speech keep the audience alert and interested in what you are saying.

6 Pauses  A pause is a momentary break in the vocal delivery of a speech.  Pauses used effectively can help signal the end of a thought, give an idea time to sink in, and lend dramatic impact to a statement.  Developing a sense of timing takes practice.

7 Vocalized Pauses  A vocalized pause occurs when a speaker fills the silence between the words with vocalizations such as “uh,” “er,” and “um.”  Vocalized pauses can create a negative reaction toward the speaker if they occur too frequently. Silence is preferable to a vocalized pause.

8 Vocal Variety  Vocal variety refers to changes in a speaker’s rate, pitch, and volume that give the voice variety and expressiveness.  Approach a speech as an opportunity to share with your listeners ideas that are important to you. Your sense of conviction helps give your voice that spark it has in spontaneous conversation.

9 Pronunciation  Pronunciation refers to the accepted standard of sound and rhythm for words as indicated in a dictionary.  Some common mispronunciations: Common ErrorCorrect Gen-u-wineGen-u-win Thee-ate’-erThee’-a-ter Nu-cu-larNu-cle-ar

10 Articulation  Articulation is the physical production of particular speech sounds.  Sloppy articulation is the failure to form speech sounds crisply and distinctly.  Some common examples: Ought toOtta Didn’tDint ForFur Don’t knowDunno

11 Nonverbal Characteristics  Personal appearance  Bodily action  Gestures  Eye contact

12 Personal Appearance  Listeners see a speaker before they hear the speaker.  Dress and grooming should be appropriate for the occasion.  Dress and accessories should not distract from the speaker’s message.  Dress and grooming should convey the speaker’s seriousness of purpose.

13 Bodily Action  Bodily action refers to the stand and presentation before, during, and after the speech.  Before – walk confidently, establish eye contact, look confident and poised  During – avoid fidgeting, leaning in the lectern, or shifting weight  After – let the closing line sink in, remain poised and confident

14 Gestures  Gestures refer to the speaker’s use of the hands.  Gestures should not distract from the message of the speech.  Gestures should appear natural and spontaneous.  Gestures should be above the waist.  Gestures should not be repetitive.

15 Eye Contact  Eye contact means looking at each member of the audience.  Eye contact conveys truthfulness, intelligence, and feelings.  Eye contact establishes a bond with the audience.  Eye contact captures attention, establishes credibility, and allows the speaker to see and respond to feedback.

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