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© 2011 U.S. Soccer1 U.S. Soccer Referee Department 2012 Grade 8 – Law 14 Penalty Kick
© 2011 U.S. Soccer2 Objectives state when a penalty kick should be awarded list the elements necessary for a correctly taken penalty kick given a list of infringements during a PK, list the appropriate restart for each all to the satisfaction of the Instructor. At the end of this lesson the student will be able to do the following 3 things:
© 2011 U.S. Soccer3 Topics When to award a penalty kick Before kick is taken Kicker Keeper Other players Law analysis Extending time
© 2011 U.S. Soccer4 When to Award A penalty kick is awarded when a defender commits any of the 10 direct free kick offenses inside their own penalty area against an opponent * while ball is in play (*Handling the ball is an exception)
© 2011 U.S. Soccer5 Guide to Procedures Video
© 2011 U.S. Soccer6 Law 14 Now watch the following video examples and see if you agree with the decisions of the referees
© 2011 U.S. Soccer7 Video 1 - PK decision
© 2011 U.S. Soccer8 Video 2 at game speed
© 2011 U.S. Soccer9 Video 2 with freeze frame
© 2011 U.S. Soccer10 Video 3 - PK decision
© 2011 U.S. Soccer11 Before Penalty Kick is Taken Clear penalty area of all but keeper and kicker (all other players must be behind penalty mark) Get ball into your possession Set keeper on line - between posts Identify kicker to keeper Give ball to kicker to place on penalty mark
© 2011 U.S. Soccer12 Before Penalty Kick is Taken Tell kicker to wait for whistle (use gesture) Final check - all outside of penalty area, 10 yards from ball and behind mark Take position to observe keeper, kicker, other players and assistant referee Check with keeper to see if ready Whistle for kick
© 2011 U.S. Soccer13 Proper Positioning Diagram AR R Proper setup for a penalty kick.
© 2011 U.S. Soccer14 Requirements for the Kicker Kick must be taken from the mark Ball must be kicked forward Must not “double touch” the ball Must not distract keeper Kicker may feint, but not once run- up has been completed. Such act is considered unsporting conduct and MUST be cautioned.
© 2011 U.S. Soccer15 Requirements for the Goalkeeper Must be on goal line, between posts, facing field of play may move laterally or side to sideMay not move forward from the goal line until kick (may move laterally or side to side) Must not distract the kicker Must not engage in Unsporting Behavior
© 2011 U.S. Soccer16 Requirements for Other Players All must be on the field of play All must be outside of penalty area All must be outside of penalty arc All must be behind penalty mark All must not encroach All must not distract any opponents
© 2011 U.S. Soccer17 Positioning Diagram AR Properly taken penalty kick. GOAL R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer18 Positioning Diagram AR Properly taken penalty kick. Ball in play R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer19 Properly Taken Penalty Kick
© 2011 U.S. Soccer20 Law Analysis The referee does not signal for a penalty kick to be taken until the players have taken up position in accordance with Law 14. If, after the referee gives the signal, and before the ball is in play, an infringement occurs, the referee allows the kick to proceed and his decisions on the infringement are then influenced by the outcome.
© 2011 U.S. Soccer21 Penalty Kick Restart Chart Attacker (including the kicker) Retake Penalty Kick Indirect Free Kick from where infringement occurred. Defender (including the goalkeeper) Goal (Kick-off)Retake Penalty Kick Both attacker and defender Retake Penalty Kick Who Infringed Law 14 ? Ball goes into goalBall does not go into goal What was the outcome of the Penalty Kick ? * Referees must take care to identify who violated Law 14 and the outcome of the kick before making a decision.
© 2011 U.S. Soccer22 Restart Chart Points “Ball does not go into goal” includes any result of the penalty kick other than the ball being kicked into the net (e.g. ball deflected over goal line by GK, ball kicked over crossbar). The violations at issue include: The GK moving off the goal line The kicker engaging in unfair tactics while taking kick Any other player entering penalty area, penalty arc, or moving closer to the goal line than the ball. (i.e. failing to remain at least 12 yards from the goal line). It is not necessary for the same player to perform the penalty kick if referee orders it retaken.
© 2011 U.S. Soccer23 Exceptions to the Restart Chart If an attacker other than the identified kicker takes the penalty kick, play is restarted with an indirect free kick for the opposing team from where the attacker illegally entered the penalty arc or penalty area, regardless of the outcome of any kick that may have been performed by this attacker. If the kicker plays the ball backward (any direction other than forward), play is restarted with an indirect free kick for the opposing team at the penalty mark, regardless of any further play that my result from the kicker’s action.
© 2011 U.S. Soccer24 Penalty Kick Decisions AR If goalkeeper infringes GOAL R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer25 Penalty Kick Decisions AR Retake the PK R If goalkeeper infringes
© 2011 U.S. Soccer26 Penalty Kick Decisions AR Retake the PK R If goalkeeper infringes
© 2011 U.S. Soccer27 Penalty Kick Decisions AR If kicker infringes Retake the PK R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer28 Penalty Kick Decisions AR If kicker infringes IFK to defense R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer29 Penalty Kick Decisions AR If teammate of kicker infringes Retake the PK R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer30 Penalty Kick Decisions AR If teammate of goalkeeper infringes Retake the PK R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer31 Penalty Kick Decisions AR If teammate of goalkeeper infringes GOAL R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer32 Penalty Kick Decisions AR If both teams infringe Retake the PK R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer33 Penalty Kick Decisions AR If ball is not kicked forward IFK to defense R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer34 Penalty Kick Decisions AR If teammate of identified kicker takes the kick IFK to defense R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer35 Penalty Kick Decisions AR Second touch by kicker IFK to defense R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer36 Is this an Infringement? AR No infringement – GOAL! R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer37 AR Is this an Infringement? No infringement – GOAL! R
© 2011 U.S. Soccer38 Penalty Kick – Video Example 1
© 2011 U.S. Soccer39 Penalty Kick – Video Example 2
© 2011 U.S. Soccer40 Penalty Kick – Video Example 3
© 2011 U.S. Soccer41 Penalty Kick – Video Example 4
© 2011 U.S. Soccer42 Penalty Kick – Video Example 5
© 2011 U.S. Soccer43 Penalty Kick – Video Example 6
© 2011 U.S. Soccer44 Video Example 8 – Is this a goal?
© 2011 U.S. Soccer45 Extending Time Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken at the end of each half or at the end of periods of extra time. The referee decides when a penalty kick has been completed
© 2011 U.S. Soccer46 When is a Penalty Kick Over?
© 2011 U.S. Soccer47 Exception for a Bad Ball If the ball bursts or becomes defective during a penalty kick or during kicks from the penalty mark at it moves forward, and before it touches any player or the crossbar or goalposts, the penalty kick is retaken. If it happens after it touches any player or the crossbar or goalposts, play is restarted with a dropped ball.*
© 2011 U.S. Soccer48 Review Why is a penalty kick awarded? When a player commits any of the 10 DFK fouls within own penalty area against an opponent while the ball is in play*. Where must the goalkeeper stand? On the goal line, between the posts, facing the field Where must the other players, except the kicker, be before the kick? On the field, outside the penalty area, 10 yards from ball, behind the mark
© 2011 U.S. Soccer49 Review May the kicker feint on a kick? Yes, but subject to misconduct if… If the kicker or teammate of kicker infringe Law 14 and a goal is scored, what should you do? Retake the kick, caution if repeated If the goalkeeper or teammate infringe Law 14 and a goal is scored? Award the goal, warn if necessary.
© 2011 U.S. Soccer50 Review If the kicker or teammate of kicker infringe Law 14 and a goal is NOT scored, what should you do? Stop play, IFK to defense If the goalkeeper or teammate infringes Law 14 and a goal is NOT scored? Retake kick, caution if repeated.
© 2011 U.S. Soccer51 Review What if both teams infringe Law 14? Retake the kick When is the ball in play? When it is kicked and moves forward. If not kicked forward? IFK to defense What is the restart if the ball hits the goalpost, rebounds to the kicker and s/he kicks it into the goal? IFK for defense, “double touch”
© 2011 U.S. Soccer52 Video – What Happens?
© 2011 U.S. Soccer53 Video – What Happens?
© 2011 U.S. Soccer54 Restart Worksheet 1 Restart to fill out from Law 14: Penalty Kick
© 2011 U.S. Soccer55 Restart Worksheet Name of Restart: Caused by? Where? Who? Score Directly? 2 Touch Rule? Ball in Play? Restrictions on Players? Law:Ceremonial: A N M PK14 1 of 10 DFK offenses against an opponent inside PA while ball is in play Penalty SpotOffended team, any player Yes Kicked forward and moves 10 yards from ball by opponents, behind penalty mark and behind ball, all until ball is kicked forward.
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