Using PowerPoint Creating more dynamic presentations Non-Public School Services Chester County Intermediate Unit Deborah Watson
Why Use PowerPoint? improve communication effectiveness improve audience ’ s perceptions of presenter improve speaker ’ s confidence A Study of the Effects of the Use of Overhead Transparencies on Business Meetings, Wharton Applied Research Center Wharton School University of Pennsylvania, 1981
Visually vs. Verbally PowerPoint works best for visually items. Multiple channels is more efficient than communication over a single channel. A picture aids in memory by making a visual connection to an abstract idea. Memory rests on connections. A vivid picture forms a solid connection. PowerPoint makes it easy to create visuals, and, by using a template, make it easy to be consistent.
Make it Big (Text) This is Arial 12 This is Arial 18 This is Arial 24 This is Arial 32 This is Arial 36 This is Arial 44
Make it Big (Text) This is Arial 12 This is Arial 18 This is Arial 24 This is Arial 32 This is Arial 36 This is Arial 44 Too Small
Make It Big (How to Estimate) Look at it from 2 meters away 2 m
Keep It Simple (Text) Too many colours TooToo Many Fonts and Styles The 6 x 7 rule No more than 6 lines per slide No more than 7 words per line
Keep It Simple (Text) Instructional Technology: A complex integrated process involving people, procedures, ideas, devices, and organization, for analyzing problems and devising, implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems in situations in which learning is purposive and controlled (HMRS 5th ed.) Too detailed !
Keep It Simple (Text) Instructional Technology: A process involving people, procedures & tools for solutions to problems in learning (HMRS 5th ed.) Much simpler
Artistry does not substitute for content Keep It Simple (Pictures) Art work may distract your audience or
Keep It Simple (Sounds) Sound effects may distract too Use sound only when necessary
Keep It Simple (Transitions) This transition is annoying, not enhancing "Appear" and "Disappear" are better
ALL CAPITAL LETTERS ARE DIFFICULT TO READ Upper and lower case letters are easier Make It Clear-TEXT
Serif fonts are difficult to read on screen Sanserif fonts are clearer Italics are difficult to read on screen Normal or bold fonts are clearer Underlines may signify hyperlinks Instead, use colors to emphasize Make It Clear-TEXT
Use numbers for lists with a sequence For example: How do you put an elephant into a fridge? 1. Open the door of the fridge 2. Put the elephant in 3. Close the door Make It Clear-NUMBERS
Use bullets to show a list without Priority Sequence Hierarchy Make It Clear-BULLETS
Use contrasting colors Light on dark vs. dark on light Use complementary colors Make It Clear-COLOR
Use contrasting colors Light on dark vs. dark on light Use complementary colors low contrast high contrast Make It Clear-CONTRAST
Make It Clear-COMPLEMENT Use contrasting colors Light on dark vs. dark on light Use complementary colors These colors complement
Complexity of Interactions Mode of Instruction IndividualPairGroup Direct Instruction Guided Inquiry Discovery Learning Individual Instructive Tools Individual Constructive Tools Social Constructive Tools Social Communicative Tools Informational Tools Types of Instructional Tools Too many in one go!
Complexity of Interactions IndividualPairGroup Mode of Instruction Direct Instruction Guided Inquiry Discovery Learning Individual Instructive Tools Individual Constructive Tools Social Constructive Tools Social Communicative Tools Informational Tools Types of Instructional Tools Progressive & thus focused
Be Consistent Differences draw attention Differences may imply importance oUse surprises to attract not distract These differences distract!
Be Consistent Differences draw attention Differences may imply importance Use surprises to attract not distract This tick draws attention
In Summary Big Simple Clear Progressive Consistent