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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 1 VOCABULARY WORDS"— Presentation transcript:



3 tem·pest     (t  m p  st) n. A violent windstorm, frequently accompanied by rain, snow, or hail. Furious agitation, commotion, or tumult; an uproar: “The tempest in my mind/Doth from my senses take all feeling” (Shakespeare).


5 for·ti·tude    (fôr t  -t  d , -ty  d ) n.
Strength of mind that allows one to endure pain or adversity with courage.


7 fore·part      (fôr pärt , f r -) n.
The first or early part of a period of time. The anterior part, as of an object or organism.

8 "It happened, as they were still journeying on the open sea, that Faithful John, as he sat in the fore part of the ship, & made music, caught sight of three ravens flying overhead. Then he stopped playing & listened to what they said to one another." by Walter Crane

9 prob·lem·at·ic      (pr  b l -m  t  k) also prob·lem·at·i·cal (-  -k l) adj.
Posing a problem; difficult to solve: a repair that proved more problematic than first expected. Open to doubt; debatable: “if you ever get married, which seems to me extremely problematic” (Oscar Wilde). Not settled; unresolved or dubious: a problematic future

10 problematic crossing Short-term impacts of stream crossing restoration on low-volume roads in western Washington

11 gale1      (g  l) n. A very strong wind. Any of four winds with speeds of from 32 to 63 miles (51 to 102 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale. A fresh gale. A forceful outburst: gales of laughter. Archaic. A breeze.

12 Title: Summer Gale: North Sea Medium: Mixed media on board
Size: 570 mm x 570 mm Medium: Mixed media on board Date: July 2002 ©Ruth Brownlee 2003       

13 ve·he·ment      (v   -m nt) adj.
Characterized by forcefulness of expression or intensity of emotion or conviction; fervid: a vehement denial. See Synonyms at intense. Marked by or full of vigor or energy; strong: a vehement storm.

14 a vehement storm.

15 contrivance \Con*triv"ance\, n. 1. The act or faculty of contriving, inventing, devising, or planning. The machine which we are inspecting demonstrates, by its construction, contrivance and design. Contrivance must have had a contriver. --Paley.


17 lev·er     (l  v r, l   v r) n. A simple machine consisting of a rigid bar pivoted on a fixed point and used to transmit force, as in raising or moving a weight at one end by pushing down on the other. A projecting handle used to adjust or operate a mechanism. A means of accomplishing; a tool: used friendship as a lever to obtain advancement.


19 mas·tiff    (m  s t  f) n. Any of an ancient breed of large strong dogs, probably originating in Asia and having a short, often fawn-colored coat.


21 hogs·head    (hôgz h  d , h  gz -) n.
Abbr. hhd Any of various units of volume or capacity ranging from 63 to 140 gallons (238 to 530 liters), especially a unit of capacity used in liquid measure in the United States, equal to 63 gallons (238 liters). A large barrel or cask with this capacity.


23 fla·min·go    (fl -m  ng g ) n. pl. fla·min·gos or fla·min·goes
Any of several large gregarious wading birds of the family Phoenicopteridae of tropical regions, having reddish or pinkish plumage, long legs, a long flexible neck, and a bill turned downward at the tip. A moderate reddish orange.


25 pen·guin   (p  ng gw  n, p  n -) n.
Any of various stout flightless marine birds of the family Spheniscidae, of cool regions of the Southern Hemisphere, having flipperlike wings and webbed feet adapted for swimming and diving, and short scalelike feathers that are white in front and black on the back. Obsolete. The great auk.


27 for·age    (fôr  j, f  r -) n. Food for domestic animals; fodder. The act of looking or searching for food or provisions. v. for·aged, for·ag·ing, for·ag·es v. intr. To wander in search of food or provisions. To make a raid, as for food: soldiers foraging near an abandoned farm. To conduct a search; rummage.

28 mut·ton   (m  t n) n. The flesh of fully grown sheep.


30 oys·ter   (oi st r) n. Any of several edible bivalve mollusks of the family Ostreidae, especially of the genera Crassostrea and Ostrea, that live chiefly in shallow marine waters and have a rough, irregularly shaped shell. Any of various similar or related bivalve mollusks, such as the pearl oyster.


32 mus·sel   (m  s l) n. Any of several marine bivalve mollusks, especially the edible members of the family Mytilidae and in particular Mytilus edulis, a blue-black species raised commercially in Europe. Mussels are often found attached to rocky surfaces or the sides of ships. Any of several freshwater bivalve mollusks of the genera Anodonta and Unio, found in the central United States, that burrow in the sand or mud of lakes and streams.


34 a·gou·ti    ( -g   t  ) n. pl. a·go·tis or a·gou·ties
A burrowing rodent of the genus Dasyprocta, native to tropical America and usually having brown fur streaked with gray. The alternation of light and dark bands of color in the fur of various animals, producing a grizzled appearance.



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