a French word that literally means “true cinema”; a method or style of documentary movie- making with long takes, no narration, and impromptu interview techniques, a hand- held camera, and little or no editing of the finished product
a film characterized by scenes of great tension, danger, adventure, suspense, or high drama, often climaxing at the end of a film, where the fate of the protagonist is left unresolved, increasing interest for a sequel
a French phrase literally meaning “black film”; a genre of mostly black-and-white films with a somber, downbeat tone. The plot often takes place in the crime underworld with private detectives and femmes fatale. Low-key lighting features night scenes. Camera angles are often canted or high.
a movie that is released with little publicity, often directed by and starring relatively unknown people, that by positive word-of- mouth eventually becomes popular or financially successful beyond expectations