Presentation on theme: "Unit 1 Chptrs 1, 4, 14 & R of R 1 & 2. Driving Task: All the skilled actions a driver must take to drive safely SocialPhysicalMental 1.Patience1. 2 hands."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 1 Chptrs 1, 4, 14 & R of R 1 & 2
Driving Task: All the skilled actions a driver must take to drive safely SocialPhysicalMental 1.Patience1. 2 hands on wheel1. Focus In groups of 2-3 Brainstorm 2-3 more skills in each area. 1.2 Your Driving Task
“Safe, low-risk driving is primarily a mental task that involves decision making. Physical skills are minor when compared to the necessary decision- making skills.” Pg. 6 What do you think the author meant by this statement? (Answer in paragraph form)
*** Decision making is the most important skill to being a safe driver!!*** The IPDE Process: a process of seeing, thinking and responding. Using the information on pg. 6 & 7 in your book write down the meaning of the 4 parts of the IPDE in YOUR OWN WORDS.
**Defensive Driving: Protecting yourself from the dangers and unexpected changes in the driving environment.** 3 ACTIONS OF A DEFENSIVE DRIVER 1.ADJUSTS TO : weather and road conditions
2. ANTICIPATES: Actions of other roadway users.
3. AVOIDS: Tries to avoid conflict
1.3 Your driving responsibilities: How will your daily attitude toward life affect your driving abilities? Write you answer in paragraph form
Good Attitude Safe Driver
Breakdowns in the HTS A breakdown occurs when any part of the system doesn’t work well. Examples are: 1.Traffic tie-ups 2.Collisions a.Driver error is the most common cause of collisions. b.Most are the result of several causes. c.Major factor in a young drivers’ poor driving record is the lack of experience. d.The leading cause of death among young people is motor vehicle collisions. e.Cars and other motor vehicles is the transportation method that involves the most deaths. f.Cost the nation BILLIONS of dollars each year in property damage, time away from school and work, medical fees, and insurance premiums.
Financial Responsibility: Brainstorm with the person next to you 3-4 costs involved with owning a vehicle. Environmental Responsibility- Our nations demand for transportation has created many threats to the environment such as: 1. Air pollution 2. Water pollution 3. Chemical spills Brainstorm : How can drivers act more responsible toward our environment? (List 4)
UNIT 1 - Chapter 4 (pgs. 62-85) 4.1 The IPDE Process What does taking a risk mean to you? (Answer in paragraph form) Risk Factors While Driving DRIVER Adjusting radio Being Angry Using cell phone Drinking/Eating VEHICLE Bald tires Dirty windshield Broken headlights Worn wiper blades ROADWAY & ENVIORMENT Bright sun Construction Snow and ice Dark shadows
Choose one of the risk areas above and create a slogan designed to encourage drivers to beware of the risk. IPDE PROCESS (bottom of page 12 and top of page 13 in packet) Complete the chart below using the chart on page 63 of your book (add 1-2 of your own ideas for extra credit!!) Stay alive, don’t text and drive!!
IPDE PROCESS (Bottom of page 12 and top of 13) Complete the chart below using the chart on page 63 of your book (add 1-2 of your own ideas for extra credit!!) Scenario: You are driving through a residential neighborhood as you look ahead into your front zone you notice a group of young kids playing catch in their yard. Briefly state the steps you would take while driving using the IPDE Process.
IPDE GROUP ACTIVITY: In groups of 4-5, you will be given a scenario. As a team you will study the picture and determine the steps you will take to safely navigate through the scenario. Be ready to share the steps with the class. I = Identify P = Predict D = Decide E = Execute
Smith System: Created to help drivers organize the way they see the driving environment. There are 5 rules in the Smith System: (following the statements, reword, make notes, make it your own) Aim high in steering: (p68)_________________________ Keep your eyes moving: (p68)_______________________ Get the big picture:(p69)___________________________ Make sure others see you:__________________________ Leave yourself an “out”:___________________________
Zone Control System: Identifies the 6 zones that surround your car. There are 3 steps to using the zone control system See a zone change Check other zones Create time and space by getting the best speed control, lane position, and communication. 4.2 Identify and Predict DEFINITIONS: Using the information in your book define the words below using YOUR OWN WORDS. (pg.’s 65-68)
4.3 Decide and Execute: Decide: A mental task that is very important to safe driving. You will decide to do one of 3 things: 1. To change speeds 2. To change directions 3. To communicate Lane Positioning: There are 3 different lane positions that you can use to avoid a closed zone or potential hazard. (pg. 76) In the chart below draw and define each.
Execute: Carry out your decisions The 4 important actions to execute: Read the information in the”Execute” section of your book on pages 79-81, looking for specific examples on each of the actions below ActionExample Control Speed Steer Communicate Combination
SIGNALING / STOPPING When driving how soon prior to turning should you turn on your signal? 3-5 seconds before In a business or residential area you must give your turn signal for at least 100 ft before turning.
When an authorized emergency vehicle which is using its’ sirens and flashing lights approaches your vehicle what should you do??
You should pull over to the right-hand edge of the road as quickly and safely as possible.
**When a school bus is stopped on a two lane highway and its red warning lights are flashing and its stop sign is out, you must stop your vehicle!! **Failure to stop will result in your license being suspended for 3 months. **You do not need to stop if you are traveling in the opposite direction of the bus and there are at least 2 lanes of traffic in both directions
Don’t need to stop.
SEAT BELTS: Driver and,,,,,,,,,, Passengers (front and back seat) age 8 and older to wear safety belts even if the vehicle is equipped with air bags. Passengers under age 8 must be secured in an appropriate child restraint system.
Graduated Driver License Permit Phase Drivers Age 15 Parent/legal guardian consent required to obtain an instruction permit. Must be enrolled in an approved driver education course, and must pass vision and written tests. Nighttime driving restrictions — Sun.-Thurs., 10 p.m.-6 a.m.; Fri.-Sat., 11 p.m.-6 a.m. (local curfews may differ). Permit must be held for a minimum of nine months. Must practice driving a minimum of 50 hours, including 10 hours at night, supervised by a parent or adult age 21 or older with a valid driver’s license. Must not acquire any driving convictions during the nine-month permit phase. Number of passengers limited to one in the front seat and the number of safety belts in the back seat. All occupants must wear safety belts. Cell phone use while driving including a hands free device, is prohibited for drivers under age 19, except in the case of an emergency. Texting while driving is prohibited. Permit is valid for up to two years.
Sanctions To obtain court supervision for a traffic violation, a driver must appear in court with a parent/legal guardian and also must attend traffic safety school. Limit one court supervision for serious driving offenses. A moving violation conviction results in a nine-month waiting period before applying for a driver’s license. Not eligible for any hardship permit. Anyone caught driving without a permit is ineligible to obtain a driver’s license until age 18. Any person under age 18 who has unresolved traffic citations will be denied issuance of a driver’s license.
Initial Licensing Phase — Drivers Age 16-17 Parent/legal guardian must certify that a minimum of 50 hours of practice driving, including 10 hours at night, has been completed. Parent/legal guardian must accompany teen to provide written consent to obtain a driver’s license, OR complete and notarize an Affidavit/Consent for Minor to Drive form. Must have completed a state-approved driver education course. Nighttime driving restrictions — Sun.-Thurs., 10 p.m.-6 a.m.; Fri.-Sat., 11 p.m.-6 a.m. (local curfews may differ). Must maintain a conviction-free driving record for six months prior to turning 18 before moving to the Full Licensing Phase. A traffic conviction during the Initial Licensing Phase may extend restrictions beyond age 18. All occupants must wear safety belts.
Initial Licensing Phase — Drivers Age 16-17 (cont.) For the first 12 months of licensing, or until the driver turns 18, whichever occurs first, the number of passengers is limited to one person under age 20, unless the passenger(s) is a sibling, stepsibling, child or stepchild of the driver. After this period, the number of passengers is limited to one in the front seat and the number of safety belts in the back seat. Cell phone use while driving including a hands free device, is prohibited for drivers under age 19, except in the case of an emergency. Texting while driving is prohibited.
Sanctions To obtain court supervision for a traffic violation, a driver must appear in court with a parent/legal guardian and also must attend traffic safety school. Limit one court supervision for serious driving offenses. A moving violation conviction before age 18 generates a Secretary of State warning letter to the parent and teenager. A moving violation conviction that occurs within the first year of licensing will result in a six-month extension of the passenger limitation, which allows only one unrelated passenger under age 20. Two moving violation convictions occurring within a 24-month period results in a minimum one-month driver’s license suspension. Suspension length is determined by the seriousness of the offenses and the driver’s prior driving history. An additional driver’s license suspension will result for each subsequent moving violation following the initial suspension. Suspended drivers must attend a remedial education course, may be retested and must pay a $70 reinstatement fee. Any person under age 18 who has unresolved traffic citations will be denied issuance of a driver’s license.