Presentation on theme: "Objective – Students will be able to identify on a map the location of Israel and other important countries and areas. – Students will understand the competing."— Presentation transcript:
Objective – Students will be able to identify on a map the location of Israel and other important countries and areas. – Students will understand the competing religious and historical claims the Jews and Arabs have on the Holy Land
History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
ISRAEL EGYPT JORDAN LEBANON SYRIA Gaza Strip West Bank Sinai Peninsula Golan Heights Jerusalem Mediterranean Sea
Israeli Jews’ Claim to Israel #1– The Kingdom Of Israel existed in this area around 1000 BC 1 st Holy Temple (around 1000 BC) 2 nd Holy Temple (re-built around 500 BC) Located on an elevation called Temple Mount in Jerusalem
Israeli Jews’ Claim to Israel #2 – The holiest site in Judaism (the Wailing or Western Wall) is on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem (the last standing wall of the 2 nd Holy Temple in Jerusalem)
Palestinian Arabs’ claim to Palestine #1– The 3 rd holiest site in Islam (The Dome of the Rock) also located on Temple Mount in Jerusalem According to the Koran, Mohammad made a journey to and from Heaven from this site in 637 AD. The Palestinian Arabs are Muslim.
Israeli Jews’ Claim to Israel #3 -- Jews need a safe place to go, a place were there is no Anti-Semitism This leads to Zionism - the movement to create a Jewish homeland
End of World War I - Conflicting Promises Palestinian Arabs’ claim to Palestine #2 Britain promised the land to the Arabs at the end of WW I through their diplomat Lawrence of Arabia for their help in the war Israeli Jews’ claim to Israel #4 – The British promised the land to Israel in the BALFOUR DECLARATION in 1917 (named after British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour)
Palestinian Arabs’ claim to Palestine #3 – Palestinians were living in Palestine when the Jews began moving in
Check for Understanding What are the four countries that border Israel? What is the name of the Holy City in Israel? What is the term for the discrimination of the Jewish people? What does the term Zionism mean? Why do the Jewish people want their own homeland? Why do Palestinian Arabs claim the same land?
Holocaust Israeli Jews claim to Israel #5 – After the genocide of the Holocaust, Jews need a homeland to guarantee their safety.
Israeli Jews’ claim to Israel #6 - The United Nations’ Partition Plan divides Palestine into an Arab & Jewish state in 1947
Making Predictions Is the UN Partition Plan practical? Who do you think agrees with and who do you think disagrees with the UN Partition Plan? Why do they agree/disagree? Based on your answers to the previous 2 questions, what do you think will happen next?
Check for Understanding What country controlled the land that is currently called Israel and promised the land to both the Arabs and the Jewish people? What major world event led to a major increase in the number of Jewish people moving to the Holy Land? What was the name of the plan that the UN came up with to split up the land between the Palestinians and the Jews?
Objectives Students will be able to compare the different wars between Israel and Arab countries and the lands controlled by each side after the wars. Students will be able to compare maps of Israel over time.
First Arab-Israeli War 1948 Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and Lebanon invade Israel. Israeli claim #7 – Israel won the First Arab-Israeli War and all following wars. Israel declares itself a state (country).
Six Day War Israel afraid of attack so they attacked 1 st, destroying most of the Egyptian & Syrian air forces on the ground
Additional Israeli land at the end of the Six Day War: - Sinai Peninsula - Gaza Strip - West Bank (including East Jerusalem) - Golan Heights
United Nations Resolution 242 LAND FOR PEACE
Yom Kippur War Surprise attack Initially Egypt rolls into the Sinai Peninsula Syria re-takes the Golan Heights But, Israel recovers and pushes the Syrians and Egyptians back into their own territories.
Making Predictions If you were one of the Arab countries surrounding Israel, what would you do in response to losing these wars? – The Arab-Israeli War – The Six Day War – The Yom Kippur War The Jews were scared during & after the Yom Kippur War, how do you think the Israelis are going to plan for the future?
Objectives Students will understand the first peace deal made by Israel Students will be able to identify terror tactics used utilized by the Palestinians.
Camp David Accords – Israel & Egypt LAND for PEACE deal Anwar Sadat – EgyptJimmy Carter – USMenachim Begin – Israel Sinai Peninsula Israel $3 bil/Egypt $2.1 bilPeace
1979 Camp David Accords, Sinai Peninsula returned to Egypt
Check for Understanding What is the first Arab country to make peace w/Israel? What was the overall “deal” Israel has to make with enemies to ensure peace?
Terrorism - The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) – Trying to bring attention to their lack of a homeland PLO terrorist group “Black September” at 1972 Munich Olympic games PLO hijacking of airplanes
Check for Understanding After 3 wars what new technique did the Arabs turn to in order to get their point across?
Objectives Students will be able to express the importance of and the reasons behind ongoing Palestinian violence. Students will be able to evaluate the peace agreements between Israelis and Palestinians. Students will be able to identify the reasons for conflict within the Palestinian community. Reason: It will help students determine how their countries will act in the model UN if they know how the two sides have reached some forms of peace, and how that peace broke down.
Oslo Accords Israel – Yitzhak Rabin US – Bill Clinton PLO – Yasser Arafat Peace & Security Money to bothIsrael w/draws from territories and Israel acknowledges PLO as Palestinian govt. Palestinian Arabs’ reason #4 – the Israelis have promised land for peace
Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, 1995 Things fall apart
Making Predictions Is terrorism working? Is peace working? If you were Palestinian what would be your next step? What do you think the Israelis should do?
Election of Mahmoud Abbas (from the Fatah party) as Chairman of the Palestinian Authority
2005 Israeli pullout of the Gaza Strip and 4 West Bank communities
Hamas wins control of the Palestinian Parliament
Objectives Students will be able to identify the current issues that affect the Israelis and the Palestinians. Students will be able to discuss unresolved issues that still hamper Israel/Palestine. Reason: Connect the past with the present and assess the present issues between the Israelis and the Palestinians.
Settlements in Occupied Territories
Security/Violence: Culture of Violence
Security/Violence: Fighting between Hamas and Israel
Who controls Palestine? Fatah Willing to negotiate with Israel Receives financial assistance from the United States and Europe Led by Mahmoud Abbas, elected president of the Palestinian authority in 2005 Palestinian party in power in the West Bank Hamas Dedicated to the destruction of Israel Considered a terrorist organization by the United States and Europe Won a majority of the seats in the Palestinian Parliament in 2006 elections Palestinian party in power in the Gaza Strip NOTE: Israel retains control of both the West Bank and Gaza Strip by controlling Gaza’s borders and maintaining troops in the West Bank.
Border b/w Israel & West Bank
Palestinian Refugees & the Right of Return
Hatred and Distrust
Outstanding Issues Between Israel and the Palestinians If there is to be a country of Palestine, what should be its boundaries? If there is a wall between the West Bank and Palestine, what should be its route? Who should control Jerusalem? Should the refugees get any compensation for giving up their homes ? What should happen to the Israeli settlements in the West Bank? How can the violence between the Israelis and Palestinians be stopped?