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Understanding and Managing Escalating Behavior Idaho SWPBIS Training Institute.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding and Managing Escalating Behavior Idaho SWPBIS Training Institute."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding and Managing Escalating Behavior Idaho SWPBIS Training Institute

2 The MODEL High Low Calm Peak De-escalation Recovery Acceleration Agitation Trigger

3 Effects of Escalating Phases 5.Peak o Student is out of control and displays most severe problem behavior 6. De-escalation o Student displays confusion but with decreases in severe behavior 7. Recovery o Student displays eagerness to participate in non-engagement activities 1.Calm o Student is cooperative 2.Trigger o Student experiences a series of unresolved conflicts 3.Agitation o Student exhibits increase in unfocused behavior 4.Acceleration o Student displays focused behavior

4 Purpose Enhance our understanding of, and ways of responding to, escalating behavior sequences

5 Assumptions Behavior is learned Behavior is lawful Behavior is escalated through successive interactions (practice) Behavior can be changed through an instructional approach

6 Outcomes Identification of how to intervene early in an escalation Identification of environmental factors that can be manipulated Identification of replacement behaviors can be taught

7 1. Calm The student is cooperative o Accepts corrective feedback o Follows directives o Sets personal goals o Ignores distractions o Accepts praise

8 1. Calm Intervention is focused on prevention o Arrange for high rates of successful academic and social engagements o Use positive reinforcement o Teach social skills Problem solving Relaxation strategy Self-management o Communicate positive expectations

9 2. Trigger Student experiences a series of unresolved conflicts o Repeated failures o Frequent corrections o Interpersonal conflicts o Timelines o Low rates of positive reinforcement

10 2.Trigger Intervention is focused on prevention and redirection o Remove from or modify context o Increase opportunities for success o Reinforce what has been taught

11 3. Agitation Student exhibits increase in unfocused behavior o Off-task o Frequent start/stop on tasks o Out of seat o Talking with others o Social withdrawal

12 3. Agitation Intervention is focused on reducing anxiety o Make structural/environmental modifications o Provide reasonable options and choices o Involve in successful engagements

13 4. Acceleration Student displays focused behavior o Provocative o High intensity o Threatening o Personal

14 4. Acceleration Intervention is focused on safety o Remember… Escalations and self-control are inversely related Escalation is likely to run its course

15 4. Acceleration Remove all triggering, competing, and maintaining factors Follow crisis prevention procedures Establish and follow through with bottom line Disengage from student

16 5. Peak Student is out of control and displays most severe problem behavior o Physical aggression o Property destruction o Self-injury o Escape/social withdrawal o Hyperventilation

17 5. Peak Intervention is focused on safety o Procedures - similar to acceleration phase, except focus is on crisis intervention

18 6. De-escalation Student displays confusion but with decreases in severe behavior o Social withdrawal o Denial o Blaming others o Minimization of problem

19 6. De-escalation Intervention is focused on removing excess attention o Don’t nag o Avoid blaming o Don’t force apology o Emphasize starting anew

20 7. Recovery Student displays eagerness to participate in non-engagement activities o Attempts to correct problem o Unwillingness to participate in group activities o Social withdrawal and sleep

21 7. Recovery Intervention is focused on re-establishing routines and activities o Follow through with consequences for problem behavior o Positively reinforce any displays of appropriate behavior

22 7. Recovery Debrief o Purpose of debrief is to facilitate transition back to program o Debrief follows consequences for problem behavior o Goal is to increase more appropriate behavior

23 7. Recovery Problem solving example: o What did I do? (define the problem) o Why did I do it? o What could I have done instead? (create possible solutions) o What do I have to do next? (make a plan) o Can I do it? o If not, whose help would I like?

24 Three Key Strategies Identify how to intervene early in an escalation Identify environmental factors that can be manipulated Identify replacement behaviors that can be taught

25 Teaching Compliance Students must… o Be fluent at expected behavior o Be taught conditions under which the expected behavior is required o Have multiple opportunities for high rates of successful academic & social engagement o Receive or experience frequent & positive acknowledgments when expected behavior is exhibited

26 Teaching Compliance Teachers must… o Have student’s attention, before presenting the directive or making a request o Give clear, specific, positively stated directives o Provide frequent & positive acknowledgments when expected behavior is exhibited o Have established & taught consequence procedures for repeated noncompliance

27 Final Thought It is always important to remember that “if you inadvertently assist the student to escalate, do not be concerned; you will get another chance to do it right the next time around.” Geoff Colvin

28 Responding to Escalating Problem Behavior Activity: Read the vignette and respond to the questions. Discuss examples from your school. o Why do you think this student is having trouble at school? o What triggers are occurring across this student’s day that continue to escalate his behavior?


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