Presentation on theme: "Opportunities and Challenges: Implementing Data Citation Standards Jeri Schneider, ICPSR IASSIST 2006 Conference Ann Arbor, MI May 26, 2006."— Presentation transcript:
Opportunities and Challenges: Implementing Data Citation Standards Jeri Schneider, ICPSR IASSIST 2006 Conference Ann Arbor, MI May 26, 2006
Overview ICPSR’s Bibliography of Data- Related Literature— accomplishments, obstacles Future citation landscape How do we get there from here? Unresolved issues
ICPSR’s Bibliography of Data-Related Literature 39,000+ citations to over 4,000 studies 2,000+ journals, 23,000+ journal articles Access bibliography for study: Search for study Select “Related Literature” tab at top of study description tml
Current Citation Landscape
Future Citation Landscape Data Citation Index—”Association of Ideas” Data Mining Subject searches, associations How do we get there from here?here
Establish Official Standard (e.g. ISO) Develop Culture of Citing DataDevelop Technology Infrastructure Develop New Tools Based on Data Citations Dynamic Links from e-Publications to Data Automated Data Citations Index/Bibliographies Graphical Web of Data/Publications Associations Develop Citation Standard/Guidelines (IASSIST) Unresolved Issues
Step 1: Develop Citation Standard/Guidelines (IASSIST) Agree on necessary citation elements Develop and publish recommendation
Establish Official Standard ISO, etc.
Develop Culture of Citing Data P.I.s—archive/distribute data, titles Authors—proper citation (when, how, where to cite) Publishers/Editors—enforce Citation manuals—APA, MLA, Chicago Libraries WHO ELSE??? Ego factor Practice of citing data will grow exponentially as benefits are realized
Develop Technology Infrastructure Archives—unique identifiers/keys, versions Citation software—EndNote, ProCite, etc. Publishers & editors—develop/adopt their own formats based on standard Digital content providers—develop links, integrate with current products, create new products (web/association of ideas) OTHERS?
Automated Data Citations Index/Bibliographies Machine-readable citations will enable the development of mechanisms to automatically collect citations into an index, for rapid creation of study bibliographies and other associated lists
Unresolved Issues What constitutes “data use” that warrants citation? What constitutes “data use” that warrants citation? What if there are multiple versions of data available, and/or same data from multiple sources? What if there are multiple versions of data available, and/or same data from multiple sources? How do we identify data citation as “data”? How do we identify data citation as “data”? WHAT ELSE??? WHAT ELSE???
What constitutes “data use”? Data are central to argument Data are used to generate one table (or 20 tables?) Data are used as comparison to central data used Data collection/methodology are described or critiqued What else???
Multiple versions, multiple sources? Can we design citations and/or technology infrastructure so that users can effectively perform multiple tasks: Link to original data used, from original source (or from alternate source) AND Link to the same studies from multiple sources AND Link to various versions of data from same study
How to identify data citation as “data”? Can we agree on terminology, or set of terms, that both users and machines will understand?
Interested Parties Principal investigators Release/archive data Title Versions Archives Release Versions Standard number/key identifier Authors—when, how, where to cite? Publishers/Editors—print and digital—enforcers? Electronic content providers—links, enforcers? Integrate with current products, create new products (web/association of ideas) Citation software developers—EndNote, ProCite, RefWorks, etc. Who else???
Next Steps Share citation guidelines—find commonalities, differences Hold meeting to resolve differences Publish IASSIST guide Divide tasks—make contacts, publish, present (develop culture, infrastructure)
See also: Dodd, Sue. (1979) “Bibliographic references for numeric social science data files: Suggested guidelines.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 30 (2), Dodd, Sue. (1990) “Bibliographic References for Computer Files in the Social Science: A Discussion Paper.” Chapel Hill, NC: Institute for Research in Social Science, University of North Carolina. Schneider, Jeri. (2006) “Why we need a data citation standard: Lessons learned from compiling ICPSR’s Bibliography of Data- Related Literature.” ICPSR Bulletin, 26 (2), Contact: Jeri Schneider, ICPSR -