Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Roman Empire Continued. I. Theological State A. Ideal of one emperor and one faith working together in mutual dependence B. Presents strengths and weaknesses.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Roman Empire Continued. I. Theological State A. Ideal of one emperor and one faith working together in mutual dependence B. Presents strengths and weaknesses."— Presentation transcript:

1 Roman Empire Continued

2 I. Theological State A. Ideal of one emperor and one faith working together in mutual dependence B. Presents strengths and weaknesses for the empire

3 II. Challenge of the Monophysites A. Was Christ Divine and Human? B. Council of Chalcedon, 451 C. Divisions in the Empire 1. Monophysites vs. Chalcedonians 2. Egypt, Palestine, Syria vs. Heartland

4 III. Glories and Agonies of Justinian and Theodora A. Constantinople at its height ,000 people 2. Great walls, baths, gardens, churches, hippodrome 3. Blues and Greens B. Justinian’s wars of expansion 1. Stress on finances and society 2. Nika riots a. Theodora saves the day

5

6

7

8 III. Glories and Agonies of Justinian and Theodora C. Constantinople rebuilt 1. Hagia Sophia

9 Hagia Sohia, Constantinople 537

10 Hagia Sophia interior

11 Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 691

12 Church of St. Basil, Moscow, 1561

13 III. Glories and Agonies of Justinian and Theodora C. Constantinople rebuilt 1. Hagia Sophia 2. Corpus Juris Civilis D. Monophysite Split unresolved

14 IV. Challenge of Islam A.Romans win a hard-fought victory over Persians 1.East Rome at it military height 2.But opens the door to Muslim conquests B. Muslim Empire—another theological state 1. Muhammad ( ) C. Monophysite split helps Muslim conquest

15

16

17 IV. Challenge of Islam D. Effects of Muslim Conquests 1. Reduces and eventually destroys East Roman Empire 2. Christianity becomes a European religion a. East Romans defend Europe with dramatic defense of Constantinople b. “Greek Fire” used for the first time, 678

18

19

20 V. Iconoclasm and Renewal A.Roman vulnerability leads to theological doubts 1.Icons are portraits of saints, holy men a. convey spiritual power in private devotions 2. Emperor Leo III (717-41) attacks icon worship B. Military situation improves and icons approved 1. Council of 843 gives the OK 2. Byzantine tradition of art continues

21 Psalter from the 10 th century

22 Church of St. Clement Serbia, 13 th century


Download ppt "Roman Empire Continued. I. Theological State A. Ideal of one emperor and one faith working together in mutual dependence B. Presents strengths and weaknesses."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google