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MJB04/08/1 Diabetes en Revascularisatie Menko-Jan de Boer en Lars Rydén Namens de Task Force on Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases of the European Society.

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Presentation on theme: "MJB04/08/1 Diabetes en Revascularisatie Menko-Jan de Boer en Lars Rydén Namens de Task Force on Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases of the European Society."— Presentation transcript:

1 MJB04/08/1 Diabetes en Revascularisatie Menko-Jan de Boer en Lars Rydén Namens de Task Force on Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) NVVC 17 April 2008

2 MJB04/08/2 ESC/EASD Guidelines Diabetes, prediabetes and cardiovascular disease

3 MJB04/08/3 ESC/EASD Guidelines Diabetes, pre-diabetes and cardiovascular disease Trials addressing diabetes and revascularisation for multivessel disease

4 MJB04/08/4 ESC/EASD Guidelines Diabetes, prediabetes and cardiovascular disease Revascularisation of diabetic patients with multivessel disease in the stent area

5 MJB04/08/ Relative Risk 2h post load glucose (mmol/l) Coutinho et at. Diab Care 1999;22:659 Blood glucose - a continuous risk factor for cardiovascular disease meta-analysis over 12 studies (mmol/L)

6 MJB04/08/6 The prevalence of estimated in patients with coronary artery disease The prevalence of hyperglycaemia (DM or IGH) estimated in patients with coronary artery disease 31 % 22 % NGR Known DM New DM 12 % 32 % 3% Bartnik M et a. Eur Heart J 2004; 25:1880 IGT isolated IFG

7 MJB04/08/7 Diabetes and coronary revascularization Bypass surgery versus PCI Adjunctive therapy Revascularization in acute coronary syndromes Glucose control Unresolved issues Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG

8 MJB04/08/8 Diabetes and coronary revascularization Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG

9 MJB04/08/9 (Barness et al Circulation 1997;96:2551) Registry study - Duke University data base n= (diabetes 24%) with 2-3 VD. Interventions: Diabetes and coronary revascularization PCI – no diabetes CABG – no diabetes PCI – diabetes CABG – diabetes Follow up (years)

10 MJB04/08/10 The BARI randomized trial comparing CABG and PCI Patients n = 1829; Diabetes n=353 (19%) 77 % CABGNo diabetes 77% PCINo diabetes 58 % CABGDiabetes 45% PCIDiabetes Diabetes No PCI vs. CABG p=0.59 Yes PCI vs. CABG p=0.025 Ten year survival by diabetic state Survival Follow up (years) (The BARI investigators JACC 2007; 49:1600) Diabetes and coronary revascularization

11 MJB04/08/11 Diabetes and coronary revascularization  Coronary Bypass Surgery Higher mortality More frequent complications infections, delayed wound healing…  Percutanous coronary angioplasty Higher mortality High restenosis rate Increased rate of stent thrombosis More frequent repeat revascularizations Coronary interventions in patients with vs. without diabetes

12 MJB04/08/12 Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG Diabetes and coronary revascularization By pass surgery versus PCI

13 MJB04/08/13 By pass surgery by diabetic state North American retrospective cohort study 30 day mortality and morbidity in CABG No diabetes n = Diabetes n = (28%) Diabetes No Yes Adjusted OR Mortality ( ) Morbidity ( ) MI, Stroke, Organ failure Infection ( ) Pneumonia, Urinary tract, Sternal Septicemia Mortality or morbidity Variable 15.5 (Carson et al JACC 2002; 40:202)

14 MJB04/08/14 PCI by diabetic state Subgroup analysis – pooled data (n= ) Endpoint: death, MI or repeat revascularisation TrialAbizaidEleziCarozzaMarsoOverall n = Clinical event (%) Diabetes Yes No (After Mak & Faxon Europ Heart J 2003; 24:1087)

15 MJB04/08/15 By pass surgery versus PCI The BARI randomized trial comparing CABG and PCI Patients with diabetes (n=353) (The Bari Investigators Circulation 1997; 96:1761) CABG LIMA CABG SVG PCI Adjusted RR Five year mortality by type of intervention Mortality (%)

16 MJB04/08/16 By pass surgery versus PCI Stenting vs. CABG in multivessel disease Subgroup analysis from ARTS Multivessel disease n = Diabetes n = 208 (17%) CABG Stented PCI Eventfree survival (%) Diabetes No Yes No Yes Follow up (days) Three year survival free from stroke, MI and revascularization Mortality Mortality CABG Stented PCI CABG Stented PCI 4.2% p= % 4.2% p= % (Serruys et al Circulation 2004; 109:1114)

17 MJB04/08/17 By pass surgery versus PCI (Ben-Gal et al. Ann Thorac Surg 2006; 82:2006) CABG and PCI in the era of drug eluting stents (Cypher) Patients with diabetes (n = 518) Matched pairs CABG (n = 86) PCI (n = 86) Angina Survival free from new interventions CABG CYPHER

18 MJB04/08/18 By pass surgery versus PCI Drug eluting stents (sirolimus) Four years survival in patients with diabetes (n = 428) Bare Metal Stents 96% Drug eluting stents SIROLIMUS 88% Overall survival (%) HR 2.90 (95% CI ) p=0.008 (Spaulding et al New Engl J Med 2007; 356:989)

19 MJB04/08/19 Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG Whenever possible, patients with diabetes should be I C offered at least one and often multiple arterial grafts

20 MJB04/08/20 Diabetes and coronary revascularization By pass surgery versus PCI Adjunctive therapy Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG

21 MJB04/08/21 Adjunctive therapy - Abciximab Subgroup analysis of three RCT (EPIC, EPILOG, EPISTENT) Pooled patients with (n= 1 462) vs. without diabetes (n= 5 072) Diabetes + placebo No diabetes + Placebo Diabetes + ABX No diabetes + ABX One year survival Mortality (%) Follow up (days) p=0.031 (Bhatt et al. JACC 2000; 35:922)

22 MJB04/08/22 Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG

23 MJB04/08/23 Diabetes and coronary revascularization By pass surgery versus PCI Adjunctive therapy Revascularization in acute coronary syndromes Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG

24 MJB04/08/24 (Norhammar et al J Am Coll Card 2004; 43; 585) MI or Death (%) No diabetesDiabetes OR = 0.72 p = No diabetesDiabetes OR = 0.52 p = OR = 0.63 p = OR = 0.69 p = NS Death (%) Invasive Non-invasive Revascularization in acute coronary syndromes Early revascularization in ACS comparing patients with (n=155) and without diabetes (n=1 067) One year event rate in FRISC II

25 MJB04/08/25 Revascularization in acute coronary syndromes Early PCI vs. thrombolysis in diabetic patients with AMI Fibrinolysis (n = 99) or Primary PCI (n = 103) Angioplasty Fibrinolysis Follow up (days) Survival free from death or reinfarction Cumulative survival (%) RR for PCI 0.29 (05% CI ) p<0.001 (Hsu et al Heart 2002:88: 268)

26 MJB04/08/26 Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG

27 MJB04/08/27 Diabetes and coronary revascularization By pass surgery versus PCI Adjunctive therapy Revascularization in acute coronary syndromes Glucose control Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG

28 MJB04/08/28 Age Female gender Angina Hypertension Diabetes Smoking Previous MI ST depression Troponin T >0.03 µg/L 3-VD RR Relative risk (95% CI) n = Diabetes No1 067 Yes155 n = Diabetes No1 067 Yes155 Revascularization in acute coronary syndromes Mortality predictors in invasively managed patients with ACS (Norhammar et al J Am Coll Card 2004; 43; 585)

29 MJB04/08/29 (Muhlestein et al. Am Heart J, 2003:146: 351) NFG IFGADA-DMNFG Mortality (%) CDM Glycemic category The importance of glucose control Glycemia and mortality following PCI (n=1 612) Glucometabolic classification via fasting glucose Follow up (years) Cumulative survival NFG IFG ADA-DM CDM

30 MJB04/08/30 The importance of glucose control Target vessel revascularization and pre-procedural glycemia Patients with diabetes (n=162); Follow up = 9 months (Lindsay et al. Cardiovasc Revasc Med, 2007; 8:15) Quartile B-glucose mg/dl Revascularized (%) P=0.02 F-glucose HbA1c HbA1c % 8.6

31 MJB04/08/31 Diabetes and coronary revascularization By pass surgery versus PCI Adjunctive therapy Revascularization in acute coronary syndromes Glucose control Unresolved issues Management of diabetes and glucose control before, during and after PCI and CABG

32 MJB04/08/32 Limited Retrospective Therapy not updated Mostly subgroup-based Diabetes poorly described Glucose lowering therapy undefined Unresolved issues On the amount and quality of presently available information

33 MJB04/08/33 Unresolved issues Trials dedicated to diabetic patients Accurately characterised patients Well defined concomitant therapy Carefully described glucose lowering drugs Mode of revascularization single vs. multivessel disease optimised technique The impact of tight glycemic control On urgently needed information

34 MJB04/08/34 Unresolved issues Important ongoing trials FREEDOM Diabetes mellitus type 2 Randomised to CABG or PCI (+DES) Death, MI or repeat revascularization Follow up 5 years BARI IID Diabetes mellitus type 2 Revascularization or optimal medical therapy Glucose lowering randomised Follow up 6 years CARDia Diabetes mellitus type 2 CABG or PCI – modern techniques

35 MJB04/08/35 ESC/EASD Guidelines Diabetes, pre-diabetes and cardiovascular disease Management of cardiovascular risk acute coronary syndromes


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