Presentation on theme: "Unresolved Grief and The Adolescent Life"— Presentation transcript:
1Unresolved Grief and The Adolescent Life Angela OchsenbeinAdolescent Risk Taking (Psych 4900)Weber State University
2Case Study The Perfect Example Pseudo Name, Jimmy Stewart -15Family friend who is in a rehab center for chemical addiction. He stated that he use various chemicals to self medicate internal pain that is a result of unresolved grief.Participated in sexually risky behaviorsMom died unexpectedly and family became very distant.Family after sudden death of motherDad and Jimmy were the only two left in the house. Jimmy has an older brother in college that lives far away and hardly ever visits.Dad and Jimmy move to a condo and Jimmy is basically left to fend for himself. Communication amongst the family diminished.Dad gets remarriedJimmy is not asked if he is okay with this situation and is discouraged from giving an opinion on the matter.Dad’s sons met new step mom three times before they got marriedJimmy doesn’t feel like he is part of the family so he resorts to others for acceptance and love.
3Rask, Kaunonen & Paunonen-Ilmonen (2002) Adolescent coping after the death of a loved one.Sample and data obtainment89 adolescents in Finland, 70% female, 30% maleTwo self report questionnaires.METHODSInstrument developed by Hogan and DeSantisTwo open-ended questions/ analyzed through content analysis.RESULTSNo one reported help from the schoolSee table to the rightFactorHelpedHinderedSelf3016Activities27_Religion3Parents31Family Members262Other Relatives19Friends34Time1Social SystemNothing/no one725
4Cook-Cottone (2004)PTSD Diagnosing, Treatment, and School ReintegrationStats25% of all children experience a traumatic event before they are 16Of those exposed to trauma 30% will likely develop PTSDDiagnosing PTSDSymptoms- detachment or estrangement, exaggerated startle response, difficulty in concentration and task completion etc…Ex: Worst experience scale (8-18), Children’s PTSD inventory (7-18), Child rating scales/ cartoon images w/ response format (6-11) and many moreAcademic ImplicationsBarnett(1997) suggested that abused, maltreated, or neglected children demonstrate lower scores on cognitive measures and less school achievement.Kolk (1996) trauma may interfere with left hemisphere functioning, implications in coherence to language and all functions related to.
5Lenhardt and McCourt (2000) Adolescent Unresolved Grief/Mothers DeathAdolescents are a distinct group with specific needs which complicates the grieving process.Improper grieving can result in:Inability to grieve expressivelyUnable to resume relationships with significant othersRisk for depression, physical illness, and increased risk of drug and alcohol abuseResultsAdolescent Daughters more likely to experience unresolved grief and increased guiltStudy proved stereotype of negative reaction to males who grieve openlyMales are more likely to turn to alcohol and drugs because of these stereotypes and to self-medicate for their avoidance of pain (Jimmy)Surviving FathersSupport and lack of support by father can hinder sons and daughtersMen take on instrumental rolesLack of opportunity to grieve can result in unresolved grief
6CONCLUSION Relation to Jimmy Stewart Symptoms of PTSD Unresponsive Family/little to no supportSelf-medicated through drugsPrevented with proper recognition and treatmentTreatment of Adolescent GriefSchool counselor must assess the situation and help with proper counseling or therapyShort-term Support Group (cannot be conducted in a school setting)Establish norms with similar participantsShare keepsakes identified with the deceasedOpportunity to tell stories and receive info on death issuesConcerns with final rights, special occasions, and etc…Closure celebrationNon-group Coping StrategiesCBT Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (needs more research)Family Intervention
7REFERENCES Cook-Cottone, C. (2004) Lenhardt, A., & McCourt, B. (2000) Childhood Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis, Treatment, and School Reintegration. School Psychology Review, 33,Lenhardt, A., & McCourt, B. (2000)Adolescent Unresolved Grief In Response To The Death Of A Mother. Professional School Counseling, 3,Rask, K., Kaunonen, M., & Paunonen-Ilmonen, M. (2002)Adolescent coping with grief after the death of a loved one. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 8,