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Unit 12 Interior Decoration ( 室内装饰 ) ( 室内装饰 ) Assignment Introduction Dialogue Text Guided Writing Exercises.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 12 Interior Decoration ( 室内装饰 ) ( 室内装饰 ) Assignment Introduction Dialogue Text Guided Writing Exercises."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Unit 12 Interior Decoration ( 室内装饰 ) ( 室内装饰 )

3 Assignment Introduction Dialogue Text Guided Writing Exercises

4 Introduction

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6 A: Interior decoration is both an art and a hobby. Nothing is more rewarding or satisfying than building up an elegant interior for our home.rewarding B: That’s right. Do you think a home has to be beautiful from the outside as well? A: One cannot have much control over the exterior. But it should fit in with the surroundings and please the passers-by.fit in with Dialogue

7 B: We spend most of our lifetime at home. And what kind of home do you hope to have? A: Everyone wants a home aesthetically pleasing and functional. We should aim at combining beauty and comfort with welcoming friendliness.aim at combining with

8 B: I think a well-equipped home makes living more joyful and exciting. A: It is the individual touch that makes a house a home. Nobody likes a home, big and well-finished, but wrecked by a poor color scheme.It is that B: Buying furniture and decorating home interiors may be a very important investment for most families. I prefer my home applicable, economical and different. A: A couple can furnish and decorate their home with a little imagination and by creating beautiful things out of ordinary material with a little cost. The children’s bedroom can be furnished with a few pieces of pained furniture, or refinished old furniture can easily be arranged with good taste.furnishwith

9 Words and Expressions 1.rewarding: adj. well worth doing 很值得做的 … satisfying ; giving satisfaction satisfying ; giving satisfaction 2.fit in with: be compatible or consistent with e.g. We tried to fit in with their plans. e.g. We tried to fit in with their plans. Their views didn’t fit in with their actions. Their views didn’t fit in with their actions.

10 3.aim at: intend to try to get e.g. we aim at winning. e.g. we aim at winning. 4. combine…with…: join sth. Together e.g. We are supposed to combine theory with practice. e.g. We are supposed to combine theory with practice.

11 5. It is / was …that /who (an cleft sentence) e.g. I met my classmate in the park yesterday. e.g. I met my classmate in the park yesterday. It was I who/that met my classmate in the park yesterday. It was I who/that met my classmate in the park yesterday. It was my classmate that I met in the park yesterday. It was my classmate that I met in the park yesterday. It was in the park that I met my classmate yesterday. It was in the park that I met my classmate yesterday. It was yesterday that I met my classmate in the park. It was yesterday that I met my classmate in the park. 6. furnish…with… : provide …with e.g. to provide a house with all necessary furniture. e.g. to provide a house with all necessary furniture.

12 Text reading

13 Useful Expressions fluorescent 荧光灯 lamp shades 灯罩 bulb 灯泡 plastics 塑料 metals 金属 paper 纸 fabrics 织物 ceiling light 顶棚灯 number plate 门牌 floodlight 泛光灯

14 Text reading Pre-reading questions: 1. 1.How many kinds of lighting do we have in our homes? What are they? 2. High lamps look good with open tops. Why? 3. What are the appropriate materials used for lamp shades? 4. Why should the lamp for reading be able to be adjusted? 5. What kind of light is suitable to the garden?

15 Light is one of the basic concepts of interior decoration. There are unlimited possibilities to produce many visual efforts with the lights. Light is one of the basic concepts of interior decoration. There are unlimited possibilities to produce many visual efforts with the lights. The lights fixtures should be functional as well as decorative. In our homes, usually we have two kinds of lighting—general and local. The lights fixtures should be functional as well as decorative. In our homes, usually we have two kinds of lighting—general and local.as well as well as General lighting should be fixed in such a way that by turning on various lights, we can have desired efforts of bright, medium of dim light for various occasions. General lighting should be fixed in such a way that by turning on various lights, we can have desired efforts of bright, medium of dim light for various occasions.

16 Too many fluorescent lights produce a monotonous effect. We should go for a mixture of direct and indirect lighting arrangement. Too many fluorescent lights produce a monotonous effect. We should go for a mixture of direct and indirect lighting arrangement.go for go for Style of lamps should match other decoration. Lamp shades do not look good with too much painting on them. High lamps look good with open tops so that light can be well distributed. But the lamps below the eye level of a standing person should have lids or tops to conceal the bulbs. Style of lamps should match other decoration. Lamp shades do not look good with too much painting on them. High lamps look good with open tops so that light can be well distributed. But the lamps below the eye level of a standing person should have lids or tops to conceal the bulbs. The appropriate materials used for lamp shades are plastics, fabrics, metals, paper and so on. Off-white shades go well with any color scheme. The appropriate materials used for lamp shades are plastics, fabrics, metals, paper and so on. Off-white shades go well with any color scheme.go well with go well with

17 An indirect lighting at the ceiling line produces general illumination. A ceiling fixture can be lowered to whatever height is desired. In drawing-rooms, concealed lighting is more effective. But a pair of identical lamps may stand at each end of a sofa on small tables. An indirect lighting at the ceiling line produces general illumination. A ceiling fixture can be lowered to whatever height is desired. In drawing-rooms, concealed lighting is more effective. But a pair of identical lamps may stand at each end of a sofa on small tables.identical Kitchens should be particularly well lighted. One should have wall or ceiling light over the working places in the kitchen. Tube lights can be fixed under the cabinets over the cooking range. Kitchens should be particularly well lighted. One should have wall or ceiling light over the working places in the kitchen. Tube lights can be fixed under the cabinets over the cooking range.

18 Bedroom lights should usually be local lights. Lights attached to either side of a dressing table mirror or one light-tube placed at the top of the mirror would be an excellent idea. The lamp for reading in bed should be able to be adjusted so that light shines on the book. Bedroom lights should usually be local lights. Lights attached to either side of a dressing table mirror or one light-tube placed at the top of the mirror would be an excellent idea. The lamp for reading in bed should be able to be adjusted so that light shines on the book.beattached to beattached to In the study, a desk should have a separate lamp. Some people might like to have a ceiling light as well, continued with a ceiling fan. In the study, a desk should have a separate lamp. Some people might like to have a ceiling light as well, continued with a ceiling fan.

19 The bathroom needs a ceiling as well as a mirror light fixture. The bathroom needs a ceiling as well as a mirror light fixture. Strong lights over the front and rear entrances are necessary. There should be one light near the number plate and one near the steps if any. Strong lights over the front and rear entrances are necessary. There should be one light near the number plate and one near the steps if any. If the garden is big, some floodlights can be installed. If the garden is big, some floodlights can be installed.

20 Words and Expressions 1.as well as: in addition to 除 … 外;此外 e.g. He is a poet as well as a soldier. 他是一位战士也是一个诗人。 e.g. He is a poet as well as a soldier. 他是一位战士也是一个诗人。 * as well: in addition; to an equal extent 也,还,同样 * as well: in addition; to an equal extent 也,还,同样 e.g. He is a poet as well. 他也是一位诗人。 e.g. He is a poet as well. 他也是一位诗人。

21 2. go for: a) strive to attain 争取 e.g. Go for it! e.g. Go for it! b) go to fetch 去拿 b) go to fetch 去拿 c) prefer, choose 更喜欢 c) prefer, choose 更喜欢 d) attack d) attack 3. go with: match; be harmonious with 与 … 搭配 e.g. Off-white shades go well with any color scheme. e.g. Off-white shades go well with any color scheme.

22 5. Identical ; adj. ~(to/ with) 1) the same: 同一的, 1) the same: 同一的, e.g. This knife is identical to the one with which the murder was committed. 这 便是谋杀时所用的那把刀子。 e.g. This knife is identical to the one with which the murder was committed. 这 便是谋杀时所用的那把刀子。 2) exactly alike; agreeing in every way: 完全相同的,没有一样的 2) exactly alike; agreeing in every way: 完全相同的,没有一样的 e.g. The fingerprints of no two persons are identical. 没有两个人的指纹是完全 相同的。 e.g. The fingerprints of no two persons are identical. 没有两个人的指纹是完全 相同的。

23 6. Be attached to: a) be fastened, fixed or joined to sth. 附着在 … 上 a) be fastened, fixed or joined to sth. 附着在 … 上 b) be very fond of 喜欢,依恋 b) be very fond of 喜欢,依恋 c) attribute, assign (some function, quality or characteristic) to 把 … 归于; 赋予 c) attribute, assign (some function, quality or characteristic) to 把 … 归于; 赋予

24 Different rooms with different lamps Summary Part I:Para(1-4) Part II: Para(5- 6) Styles lamps and materials used for lamp shadow Part III:Para(7- 13) Importance of light in decoration

25 Exercise Complete the sentences with the given words or expressions. Change the form where necessary. such …that so…that go well with either attach to appropriate 1. 1.The architect tries to make the building look as attractive as possible so that It _______________ surrounding buildings. 2. The slopes are _______ gentle _____ cars need not slow down very much. goes well with sothat

26 3. They build _____ strong piers ____ they can’t move or be washed away. 4. They have taken __________ measures to prevent the house from leaking. 5. This is my bedroom with a bathroom _____________ it. 6. 6. There is a water pump on________ bank of the river. such that that appropriate attached to either

27 Grammar Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences 句子按其结构可分为三类:简单句、并列句和复合句。 1. 简单句:简单句由一个主谓结构组成。在这个主谓结构中,也可能 有两个或两个以上并列的主语或谓语。例如: (1) The first homes were carves. (2) People all over the world build different kinds of houses. (3) Tall building s and concrete streets have taken the place of the wasteland. 2. 并列句:并列句通常有两个或两个以上互不依从的主谓结构构成, 用并列连词( but, and, so 等)连接。例如: (1) They may not have lawns or lakes, but they find ways to have fun on the pavements and sidewalks.

28 (2) In Tokyo the traffic has become heavy indeed and a civil engineer should study full-time for some years after leaving high school. (3) The accountant did her work carefully, so she never made any mistake. 3. 复合句:复合句有两个主谓结构,其中一个称为主句,另一个称为从句。 根据所起的作用,从句有主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状 语从句。例如: (1) Where we shall take the test is still a problem. (2) This is why we must purify the water before drinking it. (3) I think it necessary that we have to get rid of the salt if we want to make use of sea water for drinking. (4) I can see the newly-built bridge from where I live. (5) We are very interested in electronic equipment since we are studying electronics at university.

29 Grammar Exercises Choose the one that best completes each of the following sentences. 1. 1.There are some skyscrapers_____ go up more than 100 storeys. A. that B. who C. where D. what 2. 2.The Great Wall of China is the biggest structure _____ man has ever built. A. that B. which C. where D. when 3. 3.Hydrogen is the gas ____ weight is the lightest. A. Who B. whom C. whose D. that 4. 4.It is clear now _____ plan is better. A. that B. which C. what D. who

30 5.It is necessary _____ we should develop our industry at high speed. A. what B. why C. when D. that 6.I know ____ the first skyscraper was built in Chicago. A. which B. when C. whether D. who 7.The word “energy” describes _____ is needed to make things move and to produce heat and light. A. that B. which C. what D. if 8.He has to know _____ strong the materials are. A. that B. what C. which D. how

31 Guided Writing (Applying for the Position) 在写有关应聘的函件时的主要内容: 得知应聘信息的渠道 表明对此工作的兴趣

32 [Sample 1] Dear Mr. Jenkins, Having read your job offer advertised in The Times yesterday, I would like to apply for the position and I hope I might be able to interview with your company. Having read your job offer advertised in The Times yesterday, I would like to apply for the position and I hope I might be able to interview with your company. I am very much interested in your advertised position and I really would like to take it. I am very much interested in your advertised position and I really would like to take it. I have enclosed my resume and I would be the most obliged if you would give me the chance to interview with your company. I have enclosed my resume and I would be the most obliged if you would give me the chance to interview with your company. Yours very truly, Yours very truly, ······ ······

33 在写有关应聘的函件时,主要内容通常都是内附 履历表及联系方式一并寄去的。如果招聘对方对应聘 者感兴趣的话,可以通知前来面试,这种信件要写清 面试具体时间和场所。 在写有关应聘的函件时,主要内容通常都是内附 履历表及联系方式一并寄去的。如果招聘对方对应聘 者感兴趣的话,可以通知前来面试,这种信件要写清 面试具体时间和场所。 另外,别忘了写上联系人,以便对方情况有变时 通知。 另外,别忘了写上联系人,以便对方情况有变时 通知。 通知录用书要写于以录用,祝贺等词。 通知录用书要写于以录用,祝贺等词。

34 [Sample 2] Dear Ms. Day, thank you for your letter of August 31, 2006 and enclosed resume. thank you for your letter of August 31, 2006 and enclosed resume. As advertised, the position open is that of secretary to the president and we are pleased to be able to offer you an interview. Would you please come to the reception desk at our office at 10:00 a.m. on Thursday, September 14 and ask for me there? We look forward to meeting you at that time. As advertised, the position open is that of secretary to the president and we are pleased to be able to offer you an interview. Would you please come to the reception desk at our office at 10:00 a.m. on Thursday, September 14 and ask for me there? We look forward to meeting you at that time. If either the date or time is inconvenient, please telephone my assistant Miss Bliss or, in her absence, Miss Blake to change the appointment. If either the date or time is inconvenient, please telephone my assistant Miss Bliss or, in her absence, Miss Blake to change the appointment. Yours truly Yours truly …… ……

35 Writing Practice Translate the following letter into English 亲爱的戴女士: 我们同意录用你为总经理秘书。祝贺你! 因此,我们希望你于9月19日上午10点再次到我公司 来讨论工作待遇(pay and conditions)等问题,请你确认 对此是否感兴趣,并确认见面时间。 您忠实的 ······

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