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All About Sound Hunter College Competency 13: Create effective digital presentations.

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2 All About Sound Hunter College Competency 13: Create effective digital presentations

3 Overview: After teaching this Unit, Students will be able to: Know that sound travels in waves Recognize different sounds for different objects e.g. “roar” belongs to a lion and “choo choo” belongs to a train Be able to discriminate between different types of sounds (high pitch (freq.), low (freq), loud (intensity), soft) Have an awareness about people who cannot hear at all and need another mode of communication or as well as others without Assistive Technology

4 Common Core Standards- Pre K

5 New York State Standards-Pre K

6 NYSS Contd. Cognition and Knowledge of the World Science: Child makes predictions based on background knowledge and previous scientific experience Child identifies cause and effect relationships Child verifies predictions by explaining “how” and “why” Child makes age-appropriate, logical conclusions about investigations

7 NYSS Contd.



10 Special Ed Standards Scientific Thinking- Poses questions, seeks answers and develops solutions; observes, investigates and asks questions about the world around them around him/her; collects, records and describes data; compares, contrasts and classifies objects and events; uses equipment for investigation; makes and verifies predictions

11 Phew that’s it!

12 Ask children for prior knowledge of the subject: E.g. “What part of the body do we use to hear sounds with?” Answer: Your ears

13 Lesson 1- Intro: Text

14 The ear is divided into 3 parts: 1)Outter Ear 2)Middle Ear 3)Inner Ear

15 How do our ears work: Process of Hearing QQ&feature=related How the Human Ear Works eAs1I&feature=related


17 Lesson 2: How is Speech/Language produced: We breathe in air Air passes through your vocal cords Vocal Cords in throat vibrate (tactile approach)

18 Lesson 3:“Doppler Effect”: Activity: “Near and Far” Construct a megaphone by making a cone with heavy paper. Point the megaphone at your classmate. Whisper through the megaphone with your classmate walking towards you until they hear you. Whisper again without the megaphone. Can your classmates hear you? Responses recorded (SmartBoard or WhiteBoard)

19 “Loud and Clear” Construct a string phone using two cups and a string. Punch a hole in the bottom center of each cup, attach one end of the string to each hole and tie the end to a paper clip to prevent the string from slipping from the hole. Pull the string tight, and hold the phone on the side of each cup but do not touch the bottom of the cups or the string. Whisper until the other person can hear you. Now whisper with the same loudness without using the string phone. What do you observe?

20 Lesson 4: Resonance Resonance- the result if the driving (forced) frequency and the natural frequency of vibration are the same. – Yahoo Answers UK and Ireland 10020639AA4G7QT 10020639AA4G7QT

21 Sound Shatters Glass Voice Breaks Glass feature=related feature=related Tacoma Bridge Collapse

22 Lesson 5: Pay Attention!! The “Walking Game” “Broken Telephone”

23 What’s That Noise? (Computer)

24 Listening Lotto Sounds Games:

25 Lesson 6: Guess Who?: Blindfold one student and see if he/she can figure out who is talking to them (teacher, therapist, classmate, parent) Can try to trick them by disguising voice

26 Sample Worksheets


28 Lesson 7: Music Strike up the Band! Music all around the World

29 Make Your Own Music Bottle Activity Z_-a4 Z_-a4

30 Lesson 8: Healthy ears keep you balanced (Vestibular System)

31 Problems that can affect our ears/body: 1. Ear Infections- (Otitus Media) 2. “Swimmer’s” Ear 3. Buildup of Wax 4. Fluid in the ears also disrupts your balance

32 How we can protect our ears: Avoid loud music when possible Concerts Ipods, MP3’s Cotton Balls

33 Headphones: Insert vs. Aural

34 Lesson 9: How do deaf people hear/communicate? Sign Language, Facial Expression Lip Reading Cochlear Implant Hearing Aid

35 How Cochlear Implants Sound: cdemos.htm cdemos.htm Sound and Fury : Deaf Culture with Sign Language tc8 Sound and Fury- 6 Years Later mLpk

36 Famous Deaf People Marlee MatlinBeethoven Helen Keller

37 Great Texts:

38 Great Texts 2

39 Field Trip House Ear Institute

40 Sample Permission Slip

41 References: Elementary Science Core Curriculum Grades K-4 Common Core Standards- Pre-k Senses Experiment: Model Eardrum Activity for Rainstick: Listening demos of acoustic simulations of cochlear implants House Ear Institute Hearing Worksheet-

42 The End

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