Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Semantic.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Semantic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Semantic Web Approach in Designing a Collaborative E-Item Bank System Heung-Nam Kim Ae-Ttie JiGeun-Sik Jo With Ae-Ttie Ji, Soon-Geun Lee, and Geun-Sik Jo Dept. of Computer Science & Information Engineering Inha University, Korea

2 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Outline  Introduction  Background and Related Works  E-Item Bank System based on Semantic Web  Experimental Evaluation  Conclusion & Future Work

3 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Introduction  Educational environment and the fundamental paradigm have been shifted  E-Learning, Web-based online-assessment …  Item banks is repositories of learning objects, particularly assessment questions  Various factors are now coming together!!  Organizing, Maintenance, Availability …  Searching, Interoperability, Reusability …  Quality assurance, Copyright …

4 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Introduction (Cont’)  Goal of Designing Item banks  Organizing item banks with well-defined semantics  Clear definition of relationship between items and users (teachers or students) or between teachers and students  Accurate searching not only item itself but also extra-information related to item and user  Promoting item reusability and sharing Semantic Web technologies (Ontology, Domain rules, Knowledge inference …)

5 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Background Research  Item Banks (Item Pool)  Collections of items, often produced collaboratively across a subject domain that can be grouped according to difficulty, the type of skill or topic Item Bank Item Pool Item Assessment-specific Subject-specific

6 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Background Research  Semantic Web  Extension of the current web in which information is given well-defined meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation (Tim Berners-Lee, 2001)  Knowledge representation in SW  Ontology - OWL, RDF  Rules – RuleML, SWRL, ORL  Reasoning or Inferencing in SW  Jena, OWLJessKB, JESS, F-OWL

7 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science E-Item Bank System based on Semantic Web Architecture of E-Item Bank System based on Semantic Web

8 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Ontology Modeling for E-Item Bank  Concepts (Classes)  Sets of individuals with common characteristics  Item, Topic, Profile, Curriculum, Answer  Individuals  Represent objects in the domain, Specific things  Properties  Object properties : Link two individuals together  Data properties : Link individuals to primitive values (integers, floats, strings, booleans etc)  Name, affiliation, submitDate, stem,,GUID…

9 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Ontology Modeling for E-Item Bank Ontological structure in E-item Bank System

10 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Ontology Modeling (Cont’)  Object Properties Characiteristics Object PropertyDomainRangeCharacteristicsInverse hasCurriculumTeacherCurriculumisCurriculumOf hasFriendStudent Symmetric, Transitive hasInterestStudentTopic hasProfileItemTeacherFunctionalisProfileOf hasSameInerestStudent Symmetric, Transitive hasSameInerestTeacher Symmetric, Transitive hasStudentTeacherStudent hasTeacherStudentTeacher hasTopicItemTopicisTopicOf hasTopicBaseCurriculumTopicisTopicBasdOf

11 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Ontological Relationship for Cooperative Education  Relationship between items and users (teachers and students) or between users

12 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Domain rules for Cooperative Education Rule-1: hasTeacher(?x, ?y) ∧ hasTeacher(?z, ?y) →hasFriend(?x, ?z) Rule-2: hasTeacher(?x, ?y) ∧ hasFriend(?x, ?z) → hasTeacher(?z, ?y) Rule-3: hasInterest(?x, ?y) ∧ hasInterest(?z, ?y) → hasSameInterest(?x, ?z) Rule-4: …… …

13 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Semantic Searching  OWLJessKB  Memory-based reasoning tool for description logic, OWL  Uses the Java Expert System Shell (JESS) as underlying reasoner  The semantic element continuously goes through a reasoning process through rules with the facts in JESS. Semantic Searching based on JESS Inference

14 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Semantic Searching (Cont’)  OWL rules  provides the meaning of ontology composed of OWL to JESS as a rule. (defrule OWL_inverseOf (triple (predicate "http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#inverseOf") (subject ?x) (object ?y)) (triple (predicate ?x) (subject ?u) (object ?v)) => (assert (triple (predicate ?y) (subject ?v) (object ?u))) ) (defrule OWL_inverseOf (triple (predicate "http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#inverseOf") (subject ?x) (object ?y)) (triple (predicate ?x) (subject ?u) (object ?v)) => (assert (triple (predicate ?y) (subject ?v) (object ?u))) ) The property characteristic inverseOf for JESS triple

15 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Semantic Searching (Cont’)  Domain rules  Representing SWRL (Semantic Web Rule Language)  Inferring new knowledge from existing OWL item banks NoExample of Domain rules Rule-1 hasTeacher(?x, ?y) ∧ hasTeacher(?z, ?y) →hasFriend(?x, ?z) “If Y is a teacher of student X and student Z, Then X and Z is a classmate.” Rule-2 hasInterest(?x, ?y) ∧ hasInterest(?z, ?y) → hasSameInterest(?x, ?z) “If a student x, has interest on y, and a student z, also has interest on y as well, x and z have common interest of both.” Rule-3 hasTopic(?x, amylase) → hasTopic(?x, catalyst) enzyme(?x) ∧ isTopicOf(?x, ?y) → isTopicOf(catalyst, ?y) “If a question is related to amylase topic, Then it is also related to catalyst topic” Rule-4 hasTeacher(?x, ?y) ∧ hasFriend(?x, ?z) → hasTeacher(?z, ?y) “If Y is a teacher of student X and student X is classmate with student Z, Then Y is also a teacher of student Z.”

16 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Semantic Searching (Cont’)  Convert domain rules to the triple form of JESS (defrule rule-2 (triple (predicate "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#hasInterest") (subject ?z) (object ?y) ) (triple (predicate "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#hasInterest") (subject ?x) (object ?y) ) => (assert (triple (predicate "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#hasSameInterest") (subject ?x) (object ?z) ) ) ) (defrule rule-2 (triple (predicate "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#hasInterest") (subject ?z) (object ?y) ) (triple (predicate "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#hasInterest") (subject ?x) (object ?y) ) => (assert (triple (predicate "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#hasSameInterest") (subject ?x) (object ?z) ) ) ) The triple type of JESS for Rule-2 hasInterest(?x, ?y) ∧ hasInterest(?z, ?y) → hasSameInterest(?x, ?z)

17 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Semantic Searching (Cont’)  Convert OWL fact to the triple form of JESS (assert (triple (predicate "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#subClassOf") (subject "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#Selection") (object "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#Item") ) (assert (triple (predicate "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type") (subject "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#Item") (object "http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#Class") ) (assert (triple (predicate "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#subClassOf") (subject "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#Selection") (object "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#Item") ) (assert (triple (predicate "http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type") (subject "http://eslab.inha.ac.kr/ITEMPOOL.owl#Item") (object "http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#Class") ) Selection Item subClassOf

18 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Experimental Evaluation  Modeling ontology and defining rule using Protégé 3.1  10 teachers and 35 high school students participated in the experiments  Each teacher formulated 50 questions (total. 500)  Obtained basic information from them (profile, interests …)  50 queries with simple type or complex type were generated and tested NoQuery examples 1Search items submitted by a teacher whose curriculum is biology 2Find teachers who have a interesting topic corresponding with In-Kyung Bae 3Find teachers teaching students interested in allrosteric 4What is the student’s name who is classmates with O.J. Oh and has the same interests? 5 Fine Items that include the word ‘photosynthesis’ and are formulated by a teacher who has an interesting topic corresponding with Heung-Nam Kim

19 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Experimental Evaluation  Comparison of three type of E-item bank system  RDBIB: RDB-based E-item bank  SWEIB: Semantic web-based E-item bank without domain rules  SWEIB+SWRL: Semantic web-based E-item bank with domain rules  Evaluation Metrics

20 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Experimental Results  Comparison of precision and recall of RDBIB, SWEIB, and SWEIB+SWRL

21 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Analysis of experimental Results  Synonymic or ambiguous vocabulary  In SWEIB, SWEIB+SWRL, item related to ‘photosynthesis’ was also searched. (sameAs)  Reasoning new facts by ontology  Mr. Kim is classmate with Miss. Ji  Miss. Ji is classmate with Mr. Lee  RDBIB did not find Mr.Lee, SWEIB & SWEIB+SWRL did (Transitivity property)  Inference new facts by ontology & domain rules  Mr. Kim and Mr. Lee is interested in ‘nephron’  SWEIB+SWRL found the result ‘Mr. Lee’, but the others didn’t  Inference new fact: Mr. Kim and Mr. Lee have the common interest (hasSameInterest) Find items related to ‘assimilation’ Search the classmates of Mr. Kim Find the classmates who has common interest with a student Mr. Kim

22 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Conclusion  Designing item banks with semantic web technologies  induce users to cooperative education  provide semantic searching not only item itself but also extra-information related to item and user  promote item reusability and sharing  Future study: Semantic Web Service  Integration of distributed item banks  Automated item selection for a personalized assessment

23 Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Thank you !!!


Download ppt "Intelligent E-Commerce Systems Lab INHA University 33rd International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science Semantic."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google