Presentation on theme: "Sex, Gender, and Culture: Women and War. Learning Objectives Describe the various roles women have in times of conflict or war. Identify how war or."— Presentation transcript:
Learning Objectives Describe the various roles women have in times of conflict or war. Identify how war or conflict impact women relative to men. Describe examples to illustrate women’s roles in conflict and war. Identify and analyze the hypotheses for women’s involvement in conflict and war. In particular, identify the hypotheses on female suicide bombers.
The Many Roles of Women (1) ________________ active duty personnel high numbers in revolutionary movements worldwide female suicide bombers becoming more common
The Many Roles of Women (2) ______________ shelter, hide, feed or protect combatants run messages to troops in hiding collect or carry supplies
The Many Roles of Women (3) ______________ often at forefront of peace activism involved in grass- roots programs
The Many Roles of Women (4) _______________ abuse of women affects whole community ‘Inclusive wars’
Does war impact women differently? ____________ ___________may be one of hardest consequences for women 1. 2.
Does war impact women differently? __________ as a tool of war Fear Dominance Shame Pregnancy Infection with STDs
The Sandinista Revolution: 1962-1990 Revolution in response to right-wing Somoza family, who ruled for about 40 years Overthrew government in 1979 and ruled the country for until 1990 with an “applied” Marxist government
The Sandinista Revolution: 1962-1990 unprecedented involvement of women ______________________ organizers and persuaders even _______________
Female combatants/ bombers Women are becoming more active in the current war Huge increase in the last 10 years of women bombers/ terrorists Chechnya’s “Black Widows”
Marital Status – Chechen Female Suicide Bombers (2000-2005) (n=26) (Taken from Speckhard and Akhmedova, 2006, Table 2, p66) 13 – Single 3 – Married 4 - Divorced 5 – Widowed 1 – Remarried Speckhard A, Akhmedova K. 2006. Black Widows: The Chechen Female Suicide Terrorists. In Schweitzer Y (editor). Female suicide terrorists. Tel Aviv: Jaffe Center Publication. P 63-80. Data on Black Widows (2000-2005)
“Revenge for the death of a close family member is most often cited as the key factor for women’s involvement,” (Bloom, 2011, p. 11) Djennet Abdurakhmanova – vengeance of her husband who was killed by Russian in Dec 2009 She committed her attack in ________________ Bloom (2001) argues, __________________________ Why Participate? Review of Recent Research & Events Bloom M. 2011. Bombshells: Women and Terror. Gender Issues 28: 1-21.
Why Participate? Review of Recent Research & Events “Djennet’s radicalization and involvement…clearly predates Umalat’s targeted assassination,” (Bloom, 2011, p11) Bloom M. 2011. Bombshells: Women and Terror. Gender Issues 28: 1-21.
Healing’s Article Who are the “White Stockings”? What does the author suggest is the reason for the “myth” of the “White Stockings”? How are Chechen women joining the resistance?