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Talent Identification. LO – demonstrate knowledge and understanding of Talent ID within International countries.

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Presentation on theme: "Talent Identification. LO – demonstrate knowledge and understanding of Talent ID within International countries."— Presentation transcript:

1 Talent Identification

2 LO – demonstrate knowledge and understanding of Talent ID within International countries

3 Homework Peer assess each others homework Give marks for the following correct answers:

4 Question 1 1.Suggest reasons why the USA were so successful in the early Modern Olympics (4 marks)

5 Question 2 1.Explain the differences between sport in American schools and colleges and sport in the UK school/college system (6 marks)

6 Question 3 Why does the USA have so much success in Olympic Sport despite having a largely spectator based society (8 marks)

7 Talent Identification in East Germany One of the first nations that developed Talent Identification ‘Eastern Bloc’ – East Europe and Soviet Union Small country, divided after the WW2 ( ) (The Cold War and Berlin Wall) Known as GDR (German Democratic Republic) Population of 16 million Forefront of international sport for 40 years – all money going into sport programme 1976 – 2 nd place on medal table (behind Soviet Union) Used sport and success at the Olympic Games as a SHOP WINDOW School sport at Primary level used Talent ID – every child was screened at the age of 7!!

8 Talent Identification in East Germany Results analysed by National Sports Federation Scored well in biometric and sporting tests, were invited to attend local training centres several times a week At the age of 10, if pupils were still performing well, they were transferred to a sports boarding school (25) for further training These were linked to elite sports clubs (6 hrs training a day, 2 hrs of study, 6 days a week! =50 hrs!)

9 East German Sports Model Primary School Talent ID Program Child and Youth Sports Boarding School Annual Spartakiad and State-run sports clubs National Sports Institute East German National Squad

10 Talent Identification in East Germany Elite athletes were based at high performance centres (8 altogether) Top class facilities Best coaches Sports Scientists Own doctor and coach Technical support Female Track & Field and Swimming stars took the most gold medals home… And… Drugs…(State Plan 1425 – doping of all East German athletes) Spartakiad (mini-olympics) were held each yr to replicate the pressure of the real event as well as for developmental purposes!

11 Talent Centres Neubrandenburg Institute in East Germany was the main centre that which most modern sports institutes are based Egalitarian ideology – everyone was equal in status, everyone had the same access to success in sport (if you were successful, it didn’t matter what race/gender/background you had) Centres linked with local clubs to continually develop individuals - Dynamo (police), Sartak (Electricians Union), Lokomotiv (Railway Union, CSKA (Army)

12 Talent Centres German College of Physical Culture in Leipzig housed the Research Institute for Physical Culture and Sport Forefront of Sports Science – treadmills, swimming flumes and hypoxic chambers (mimic effects of altitude)

13 The message… Early Talent ID Introduction of school and university provision for elite athletes State sponsorship and control – everything from diet, training, selection Top coaches Best sports medicine Globalisation of sport and the continued emergence of cultures have meant virtually all countries now have Talent ID systems France followed suit in 1960’s, Australia in 1980’s

14 Outcomes… 2005 – 190 East German athletes launched a legal case on pharmaceutical company Jenapharm (Oral Turinabol) Androgens were particularly used on girls and women Steroids were given to them from Jenapharm blame the communist regime $4.1 million were paid in compensation ($12,200 per athlete) Effects – hair, sex drive, voice changes, liver damage, miscarriages and gynecomastia

15 Quiz… 1.How many sports centres were there for young athletes? 2.What does GDR stand for? 3.What Olympic Games did East Germany come 2 nd place on the medal tables? 4.What age did Germany test children for Talent ID? 5.What was the name of the mini-Olympics held annually? 6.Draw and label the East German Sports Model 7.State 3 benefits of Talent ID in East Germany 8.What was the Neubrandenburg? 9.What type of ideology did East Germany have? 10.Name one sports science invention created by East Germany 11.Describe the 2005 court case involving German athletes

16 Answers… German Democratic Republic , Montreal Spartakiads 7.Elite athletes were based at high performance centres (8 altogether),Top class facilities, Best coaches, Sports Scientists, Own doctor and coach, Technical support 8.Neubrandenburg – main institute that other countries followed 9.Egalitarian ideology – everyone equal 10.Treadmills, swimming flumes, hypoxic chambers 11.Jenapharm, side effects, 190 athletes, $4.1 million compensation

17 East German Sports Model Primary School Talent ID Program Child and Youth Sports Boarding School Annual Spartakiad and State-run sports clubs National Sports Institute East German National Squad


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