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IMPLEMENTATING BOLOGNA PROCESS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MOSTAR

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Presentation on theme: "IMPLEMENTATING BOLOGNA PROCESS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MOSTAR"— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPLEMENTATING BOLOGNA PROCESS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MOSTAR
-University report- Snježana Rezić Dražena Tomić Vojo Višekruna Mostar, September, 2007.

2 STUDYING AT UNIVERSITY OF MOSTAR
The Senate of the University in Mostar has decided to follow the changes taking place in the high education around Europe, in order to avoid the isolation. The result of such a decision are the modern teaching plans and programmes of our studies, based on the ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) (Decision year.) Today, studies at the University of Mostar are adapted to Bologne process and to value students’ work in accordance to ECTS.

3 OUR APPROACH Promotion of the ECTS principles and philosophy
Comprehensive guide to ECTS Open Forum on University level for promotion of institutional, national and international experiences Cooperation with student organizations Participation in European networks and TEMPUS projects Analysis of current programmes based on ECTS principles Regional cooperation in ECTS Establishment of Total Quality Management System at University

4 OUR APPROACH Support activities Primary activities
Infrastructure of the institution – Learning Space Human resource management - Staff Support activities Learning Technology development Procurement Operations Teaching and Learning Marketing and sales Employ-ment support Inbound Logistics Recruiting Students Service Longlife Learning Outbound logistics Exams Primary activities

5 RESTRUCTURING UNIVERSITY DEGREES ACCORDING TO BOLOGNA
The studies are composed of following levels: 3 YEARS 180 ECTS Ph.D DOCTORAL STUDY 1-2 YEARS ECTS MASTER STUDY Master UNDERGRADUATE STUDY 3-4 YEARS ECTS Bachelor

6 DEGREE STRUCTURE It should be pointed out that starting with the academic year 2005/2006 teaching process was organised according to the Bologna Declaration as follows: (3+2+3) Faculty of Agronomy, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Philosophy and Humanity, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Computing (Computer studies), Faculty of Science and Education (except Music education (4 +0) and Primary education (5+0) ) ( ) Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Computing (Mechanical Engineering), Faculty of Economics (5+0+3) Academy of Fine Arts, Faculty of Law (6+0+3) Faculty of Medicine (3) Medical college

7 DEGREE STRUCTURE Example 77,7 10 12,3 100 60,4 31,2 8,4 100 77,7 10,8
Obligatory courses Elective courses Human Courses Total % % % % S T U D Y P R O G R A M M E Undergraduate study of mechanical engineering 240 ECTS - 4 Year 77,7 10 12,3 100 Graduate study of ME (60 ECTS – 1 Year Master of ME 60,4 31,2 8,4 100 Undergraduate study of computing 180 ECTS –3 Y Bachelor of Computing 77,7 10,8 11,5 100 Graduate study of Computing 120 ECTS –2Years of.C. 72,8 19,4 7,8 100 Obligatory courses: basic (natural science, electrical engineering…) field related, advanced Elective course: field related, advanced courses Human courses: technology and society, economics, management, language….

8 QUALIFICATION FRAMEWORK
Bachelors degrees * knowledge and critical understanding of the well-established principles of their area of study, and of the way in which those principles have developed; * ability to apply underlying concepts and principles outside the context in which they were first studied, including, where appropriate, the application of those principles in an employment context; * knowledge of the main methods of enquiry in their subjects, and ability to evaluate critically the appropriateness of different approaches to solving problems in the field of study; * an understanding of the limits of their knowledge, and how this influences analyses and interpretations based on that knowledge.

9 QUALIFICATION FRAMEWORK
Masters degrees * a systematic understanding of knowledge, and a critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights, much of which is at, or informed by, the forefront of their academic discipline, field of study, or area of professional practice; * a comprehensive understanding of techniques applicable to their own research or advanced scholarship; * originality in the application of knowledge, together with a practical understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge in the discipline; * conceptual understanding that enables the student: to evaluate critically current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline; and to evaluate methodologies and develop critiques of them and, where appropriate, to propose new hypotheses.

10 QUALIFICATION FRAMEWORK
Doctoral degree * the creation and interpretation of new knowledge, through original research or other advanced scholarship, of a quality to satisfy peer review, extend the forefront of the discipline, and merit publication; * a systematic acquisition and understanding of a substantial body of knowledge which is at the forefront of an academic discipline or area of professional practice; * the general ability to conceptualise, design and implement a project for the generation of new knowledge, applications or understanding at the forefront of the discipline, and to adjust the project design in the light of unforeseen problems; * a detailed understanding of applicable techniques for research and advanced academic enquiry.

11 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS METHODOLOGY
Curriculum development process Define the basic function of the education to be offered Define competencies and overall goals Define the curriculum model Work out the course formats, workload, and course and module content Determine how the curriculum will be evaluated and developed Criteria for accreditation

12 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS _ METHODOLOGY
Goals of the curriculum restructuring Studies at the University of Mostar are made with the aim to fulfil the following goals: to equalize stated and effective length of study; to rationalize students’ obligations concerning lectures and exams; to adjust to market requirements at home and abroad; to make the study attractive for new students.

13 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS _ METHODOLOGY
Basic Parameters for curriculum development The year is ~ 1600 hours of work on the part of the student 800 hours per term Students should not have more than 25 term classes (lectures, workshops, seminars etc.). The student’s work week is ~ 40 hours, One year is 60, each semester 30 ECTS Students can have the most 9 exams per an academic year Curriculum courses can be basic, specialized or elective. Number of certain courses depends on the type of study.

14 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS _ METHODOLOGY COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
Expected learning outcomes/competences Credits as measure of student workload or notional learning time required to achieve the expected learning outcomes Content Type of course/educational activity Level of course/activity Teaching/learning and assessment methods Literature The teacher studies the subject matter of his/her course in respect of scientific aspects and professional aspects. Outlining policies and procedures for the course as well as a week by week description

15 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS METHODOLOGY
Course analysis Teacher sorts the components of the subject to the core categories Core knowledge 80 % (teaching time) Supplementary knowledge 15 % Specialised knowledge 5 % vital knowledge which one must possess in order to be able to acquire more knowledge (theories, models..) . adds theoretical details and clarifies less common applications deepens of a specific area.

16 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS METHODOLOGY
New teaching methods From lectures to more diverse teaching methods Tutorials Group work Class rooms presentations Role plays Classroom discussions and debates Papers, case studies Resources Exams (evaluation documentation) Technological implementation expensive Retraining of staff to learn about new working methods

17 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS METHODOLOGY
Student workload The process of defining student workload is not trivial because it has repercussions on the work of the student in relation to such issues as the number of hours in class, the preparation that students need before and after the class, the work done independently by the student or the professor’s method of teaching. To determine a student’s workload measured in 5 day weeks (One week = 40 h of a student’s work) Different modes of studying (student’s Learning methods) reading literature preparing for exams contact teaching working on his/her own doing written assignments, etc.

18 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS METHODOLOGY
Student workload The implementation of ECTS in this study has consisted of collecting data from students and teachers about the workload. The Work group for implementation of ECTS a form was sent to every teacher responsible of subject, requesting these two data sets with respect to their subject area. A survey was distributed among every registered student who had passed their examinations in the subjects in question in the previous year, asking for these data for each subject. The data collected as a consequence of the process previously described have been analyzed on two levels. At one level, data grouped in years was analyzed by ECTS coordinator. At another level, data obtained on every single subject was sent to the teachers in charge of the subject, so that they could analyse them individually and make their own decisions.

19 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS METHODOLOGY
The course workload analysis FORM FOR CHECKING WORKLOAD OF AN COURSE (to be completed by the student and teachers)  Programme of Studies:…………………………………………………. Name of the course:……………………………………………………... Target group:……………………………………………………………. Level of the unit:………………………………………………………… Entrance requirements:………………………………………………….. Number of ECTS credits:……………………………………………….. Competences to be developed:………………………………………….. 1…………………………………………………………………………. 2…………………………………………………………………………. 3…………………………………………………………………………. 4…………………………………………………………………………. Learning outcomes Educational activities Assessment Estimated student work time in hours

20 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS METHODOLOGY
Challenges Transfer regulations (including admission regulations, education abroad and transcripts) Technical issues Information about new degree structure, and transfer from old ones. Recruitment to new degree structure. ECTS documents Information Package/Course Catalogue ECTS Student Application Form ECTS Learning Agreement ECTS Transcript of Records Diploma Supplement

21 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ECTS METHODOLOGY
ECTS Grading The ECTS grading system was not designed to replace the national grading systems, but to enhance the understanding of them in other countries. Use of the statistical data to define students into large groups to more easily make a ranking. Government decision to implement it nationally. Grades Description Percent National Grade A Excellent 10% 5 High level of knowledge. Good analytical ability. Independent use of knowledge. B Very good 25% 4 Good overview of the field of study. Independent use of knowledge. C Good 30% 3 Able to explain the most important elements in the field of study. Some independent use of knowledge. D Adequate Overview of the most important elements are lacking. Can not use the knowledge independently. E Poor, but sufficient 2 Satisfies the minimum standard, but no more. Not able to use the knowledge independently, F Failed 1 Lacking both detailed knowledge and overview.

22 ECTS MANAGEMENT Who What How
Pro-rector for Teaching Process Leads all the process Making Action Plan of Activities (APA) including Common Guidelines (CG) for the curriculum design and unified ‘skill’ courses for proceeding and drafting the outcomes in the unique forms for reporting to the Rector and at the University’s bodies (Council, Senate, Board) that are responsible for decisions. Dean Implements; Lead Faculty Activities Implements the APA and CG organizing and leading the activities in the faculty level.

23 ECTS MANAGEMENT Who What How
ECTS Teams Workshops and debate on Learning Outcomes ECTS Teams including external stakeholders leads the process of designing program Learning Outcomes (LO) in terms of: Knowledge and understanding; Competences and skills; Attitudes and Concepts; and defining the Job Opportunities. Faculty Council Curriculum architecture and modules Drafting the curriculum architecture for the ECTS Accumulation: ex. Core/Elective ratio, Free electives, Advanced Electives, Internship.

24 ECTS MANAGEMENT Who What How
Academic staff The LO; Syllabus; and ECTS for the courses Based on the Program Learning Outcomes, Curriculum Architecture, Common Guidelines on the University Level academic staff appointed will propose Syllabuses, Learning Outcomes; including all aspects and requirement for allocation of the ECTS. University Council, Senate, Board Taking the Decision Process will end with discussing draft of curriculum at the University’s bodies: - The Council: regulatory aspects; - The Senate: academic aspect; - The Board: strategic aspects.

25 ECTS MANAGEMENT University (Institutional) ECTS Coordinator ensures the commitment of the institution to implementation of ECTS principles and supervises the mechanism for the correct use of ECTS tools. Faculty ECTS Coordinator is the contact person for students and academic staff within the faculty and deals with the practical and academic aspects of ECTS.

26 DIPLOMA SUPPLEMENT Every student Every type of degree Upon graduation
Together with official diploma Free of charge ENGLISH language

27 MOBILITY AND INTERNATIONALISATION
Main prerequisites for ensuring mobility and internationalisation: A common currency for measuring workload (ECTS) A standardised format for the description of curricula , including desired learning outcomes, teaching/learning approaches and assessment methods A standardised format for the description of students curricular choices and achievements (ECTS Transcript of records) Greater international visibility Comparable study programme More reliable partners for student/teacher exchanges and joint programmes of study

28 QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AT UNIVERSITY

29 QUALITY ASSURANCE INFRASTRUCTURE
Rector/Senate QMS Board at University Level Faculty Level DEAN’S OFFICE (Pro-Deans) Representative of Academic Staff Representative of Students External Stakeholder Administrative staff

30 QUALITY ASSURANCE OF CURRICULA
Construction of curricula that can be completed in time Greater emphasis on competences to be developed and employability of graduates Greater attention to the learning process Study programme Quality? Set up quality indicators Student questionnaires Teacher questionnaires Teacher self evaluations Evaluation of exams Evaluation of programme flexibility Evaluation of resources Evaluation of the administrative support Documentation Information system Staff portfolio Enhancement measures Public availability

31 QUALITY ASSURANCE On-line students’ rating of teachers’ performance
To set the system of regular teaching quality assessment (started during the academic year 2004/05). Student’s evaluation of individual courses Teachers’ perspective on quality in education at the Faculty To collect information on teaching quality from teachers’ perspective. All teachers should fill in the self-evaluation questionnaire compatible with the students’ one. Student perspective on quality in higher education at the Faculty To analyse the quality of student engagement and their learning experience.

32 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNIVERSITY AND ENVIRONMENT
Present situation The university is involved in the economic and social development of the surrounding region. The university is flexible, uses the existing resources in a creative way, reassign its staff according to the environment request. The university performs an independent activity, based on its own risk. University of Mostar establish cooperation with Universities and colleges in the region and EU (Croatia, Slovenia, Germany, Italy, Austria….) Industry in region (Focused on Individual Firms ) Public institution Other institution and company

33 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNIVERSITY AND ENVIRONMENT
Cooperation between university and the environment is developed on three major fields: Students education and training: by developing cooperation in practical placement, graduation / dissertation theses with subjects proposed by the economic environment; identifying the needs of the economic environment and changing the academic curricula in terms of these needs; Research and development: scientific research and technological transfer Training in alternative systems: life-long education, open distance learning, low frequency, by launching the university offer into the economic environment, on one hand, and by identification the needs of the environment and their tuning to the university offer, on the other hand.

34 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNIVERSITY AND ENVIRONMENT
Governments The representative of government are included in management of University. The university advisory board Members:4 members from University (represents from scientific staff from different faculties) 4 members from public institution (government) The term of office of the Board is two years. The external members taken together must have insight into matters relating to research, education, knowledge dissemination and knowledge exchange as well as experience in management, organization, and finance, including evaluation of budgets and accounts and must furthermore comply with the requirements of the University Tasks The University Board is the highest authority of University of Mostar. The Board is responsible for the university’s interests as an institution of education and research and as such lays down the directions for its organization, long-term activities, and development.

35 FURTHER ACTIVITIES Computerized management system
Degree programs structural description Interface for signing up to courses at the beginning of the semester Interface for signing up to exams at the end of the semester Database of all the grades and other learning activities of students Background of the automatic creation of diploma supplements Serves as a communication surface ( , sms) Connected with student bank account serves as financial management surface - Background of the e-learning system

36 FURTHER ACTIVITIES IT support of the processes at University
Formulate local, out-put oriented objectives in addition to national / regional ones Focus on continuous development Develop a system of indicators based on quantitative data and questionnaires Make regular assessments using international teams Internationalisation of faculty and student exchanges Total quality approach

37 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATENTION
UNIVERSITY OF MOSTAR THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATENTION


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