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GLOBAL STRATIFICATION Hierarchy of wealth, power, and influence among the countries of the world.

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Presentation on theme: "GLOBAL STRATIFICATION Hierarchy of wealth, power, and influence among the countries of the world."— Presentation transcript:

1 GLOBAL STRATIFICATION Hierarchy of wealth, power, and influence among the countries of the world

2 Cold War Terms for Global Stratification  First World – rich, industrialized countries  Second World – somewhat less industrialized, socialist countries  Third World – remaining non-industrialized, poor countries

3 Current Terms for Global Strat High-Income Countries  rich because theirs were the first economies to be transformed by the Industrial Revolution  per capita income of $10,000 to $20,000 annually  together, countries with the most developed economies cover roughly 25% of the earth’s land area and lie mostly in the Northern Hemisphere  dominate the world’s scientific efforts; use the most complex and productive technologies; at the forefront of new information technology  US, Japan, Switzerland, Canada

4 Current Terms for Global Strat Middle-Income Countries  Have experienced limited industrial development  Per capita income of $2,500 to $10,000 annually  Limited industrialization, primarily in the city; half the people still live in rural areas  Russia, Hungary, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Algeria, South Africa

5 Current Terms for Global Strat Low-Income Countries  Most people are very poor; primarily agrarian societies  Per capita income of less than $2,500 annually  Represents 35% of the world’s land, but 50% of its people  Barely 25% live in cities; most live in villages and farm as their family has for many generations  Staunchly traditional; follow the folkways of their ancestors  No industrial technology  Much of central and eastern Africa, much of Asia

6 Global Poverty Severity of poverty  poverty in poor countries is more severe than it is in rich nations like the US in part because economic productivity is lowest in regions of the largest population growth  global income  High income countries earn 79% (18% of population)  Middle income countries earn 20% (70% of population)  Low income countries earn 1%(12% of population)

7 Global Poverty  The lack of resources by some people that are taken for granted by others  Rich societies tend to focus on this type of poverty  A lack of resources that is life-threatening  1/3 or more of people living in low income countries experience absolute poverty  Median death age can be an indicator of absolute poverty. Relative PovertyAbsolute Poverty

8 Global Poverty Child mortality rate


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