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1 Dr. Audra Sipavičienė Head of IOM Vilnius office Human trafficking in Lithuania: Problems and Experience of International Organization for Migration.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Dr. Audra Sipavičienė Head of IOM Vilnius office Human trafficking in Lithuania: Problems and Experience of International Organization for Migration."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Dr. Audra Sipavičienė Head of IOM Vilnius office Human trafficking in Lithuania: Problems and Experience of International Organization for Migration (IOM) Vilnius office Vilnius, International organization for migration IOM International Organization for Migration

2 Traffickers are one step ahead “The trouble with human trafficking is that with all the recourses and thoughts that has been poured into the phenomenon over years, no one really understands what’s going on. Not governments, not NGOs, not the police, not think thanks… No one apart from traffickers, who change their modus operandi like wind, in order to stay one step ahead.” Denis Nihill, IOM Indonesia UN humanitarian news service IRINNEWS

3 Info-sharing and Partnership is the key Acknowledgement of the problem/state position Legal regulations in place/ enforcement Assistance to VoTs/ NGO network Expertise and professionalism (Big heart is not enough, but no heart also does not work) Adequate resources/finances Continuity, sustainability (especially during crisis) Information sharing, especially about new evidence and emerging trends and correspondent reaction (now with lag in years). Network + referral Mechanism (including consular services) Consular officials are in the forefront, connecting origin and destination countries

4 4 Providing assistance – cooperation scheme IOM IN DESTINATION COUNTRY NGO IN DESTINATION COUNTRY BALTIC EMBASSY IN DESTINATION COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMEN T ABROAD MEDICAL INSTITUTION IN BALTIC COUNTRY PSYCHOLOGIS T PROFESSIONAL TRAINING/ EMPLOYMENT AGENCY (State and Private) COORDINATED ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIM OF TRAFFICKING LEGAL/ SOCIAL CONSULTATION IOM IN BALTIC COUNTRY VICTIM’S FAMILY/ FRIENDS BALTIC NGO/ GO LAW ENFORCEMENT IN BALTIC COUNTRY VICTIM

5 Situation in Lithuania: numbers do not reflect problems Identified by Law EnforcementNGO Year Registered pre- trial investigations Human traffickers Victims of human trafficking Assistance provided by NGO’s Gender distribution % women, of which 34% minors …… … men, 109 women, 16 minors men, 97 women Expert evaluation: approx per year/ only THB for sexual exploitation Sources: LEO data/police 2007, 2008 – IOM – Ministry of Social security and Labour

6 Changing modus operandi (IOM Data base)

7 Police: “They are trafficking everyone and everything what is possible to traffic and to to exploit” Appearance of new forms of trafficking/ exploitation which are difficult to identify and prove in courts Exploit poverty, vulnerability (economic, social, mental): prostitution, forced labour/ bonded labour, involuntary domestic servitude Exploit beauty: web-modeling Exploit impunity, youth delinquent behavior: criminal activities, theft by minors Exploit sympathy: minor begging Exploit social status: marriages of convenience,, receiving fraud social benefits abroad Etc.

8 Flashlight on Consular services Cooperation increased, better, more possibilities, but… (comments, problematic areas identified by NGOs and LEO) Not always able to identify trafficking victims (even when they in desperate situation and address for help) Treat VoTs as criminals (many VoTs do look like criminals; did at some point break the law; were forced into criminal activities, but are trying to seek assistance) Too bureaucratic, too slow and only during working hours Do not know what assistance is available both in destination and origin countries; where to refer; what tools are available Police and NGO use their own channels, bypassing consular services: information does not criss-cross, assistance less effective What could help? Established referral mechanism and cooperation

9 Tools available/ IOM Key IOM initiatives/ tools which should be known/ could be useful 450+ IOM offices worldwide; many have AVR-R Programs Global Assistance Fund/ urgent cases (since 2000, GAF provided assistance to 1546 trafficked persons; approx each year) Direct Assistance Handbook, Handbook for Consular Officials IRIS/ International Recruitment Integrity System **** Feed-back from Consular services, closer cooperation

10 10 Thank you for you attention Contacts: Audra Sipavičienė International organization for migration (IOM) Head of Vilnius Office Jaksto 12, 4 th floor, Vilnius tel.: Fax: ; ;


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