Presentation on theme: "Skill Review Skill Practice BOOK3 Unit5 I. Skill Review 1.word formation clues 2.context clues Which is more helpful in figuring out the meaning of idiomatic."— Presentation transcript:
Skill Review Skill Practice
BOOK3 Unit5 I. Skill Review 1.word formation clues 2.context clues Which is more helpful in figuring out the meaning of idiomatic expressions? examples explanations contrast phrases parallel phrases
BOOK3 Unit5 II. Skill Practice Guess their meanings: go off leave over turn in next to nothing a nine-to-five job knows how many beans make five keep sb.’s seat etc. with the help of the sentences
BOOK3 Unit5 A. left B. fallen asleep C. died D. got tired 2. As soon as the baby’s gone off we ‘ll be able to relax and watch television. 1.Jane seems to have gone off Peter. She likes talking about Tom now. A. left B. forgot C. lost interest in D. met
BOOK3 Unit5 3. I regret that my first date with Kate will have to be left over until next Saturday. A. canceled B. moved up C. postponed D. reported 4. I‘ll give the machine one more week to behave itself. And if it doesn’t then I’ll turn it in for another. A. move in B. abandon C. repair D. return
BOOK3 Unit5 5. She eats next to nothing. She’s on diet. almost nothing; a very small amount 6. Out from school, some graduates go straight to nine-to-five jobs and within three months they looked like old people. regular work as an employee, esp. in an office, shop, factory, etc.
BOOK3 Unit5 7. I wouldn’t worry about Jack if I were you — he knows how many beans make five. be clear-minded, sensible in practical matters
Question Answering & Case Comparison
BOOK3 Unit5 Paras In the assumed case, which choice(s) the author would make? A.Treat the infection with drugs. B. Deny the anti-infectious medicine. C. Give the patient pain killers and sleeping pills.
BOOK3 Unit5 Paras Compare the cases of the woman and the man. 80-year old, cancer of liver, operate in vain, anti-cancer drugs, sick, cannot cure, fluids, needle, fed, add, withdraw, vitamin pills, comfortable, die peacefully, pain free The woman:
BOOK3 Unit5 Paras Compare the cases of the woman and the man. a severe stroke, unable to move, couldn’t swallow anything, fluids, fed, tube, pass through, painful sore throat, four grown children, insert, small hole, remove, take the responsibility, give permission, continued on, 3 months; painful throat, bleeding, a major infection The man:
BOOK3 Unit5 Paras What should doctors and families do when confronted with life-death decisions? Tips They should cooperate to decide what is best for the patient and make a reasonable decision after appropriate discussion.
BOOK3 Unit5 Paras If a neutral third party is brought in the final phase of an illness, what will be the result? Tips The process will take longer and the decision will be more arbitrary and less sympathetic.
BOOK3 Unit5 Paras Who has the least qualification to make a life-death decision? A.The doctors. B.The families. C.The lawyers and government officials. D.The patient’s most intimate friends.
BOOK3 Unit5 In about the same way, I can keep you alive by giving you fluids to feed you through a needle in your arm while you gradually lose your appetite. The fluids might enable you to live one or two weeks longer. 1.Similarly, I can give you fluids through a needle in your arm, which will keep you fed as your appetite slips away; the fluids might add a week or two to your life. (L28) 同样，我也可以在你手臂上插上针管，通过它给 你输液，这可以让你保持进食，因为你的食欲会 渐渐消退；输液可能让你的生命延长一至二周。
BOOK3 Unit5 2. Chances are he won’t live long, but he won’t be in pain. (L42) 有可能他活不长久，但他不会太痛苦。 It is likely that he won’t live long, but he will feel no pain. Chances are (that)… = It is likely that… e.g. Chances are that she’ll marry the man who is now her boss.
BOOK3 Unit5 3. What it all comes down to is common sense. (L50) Actually, it is only a question of common sense. come down to = be a question of; be able to be concluded as e.g. Our choices come down to demolishing the old house or restoring it. 我们的选择实质上是拆毁这幢老房子还是修 复它。 归根到底是个常识问题。
BOOK3 Unit5 Yet, on rare occasions when doctors and families cannot immediately make a judgment, they will come to the proper decision after a few days or weeks of some necessary treatment, observing the patient’s progress. 另外的 5% 不能立即达成这样的决定。遇上这种 病例，做上几天或 数周的基本治疗，观察病人 的进展之后，正确的决定就一目了然了。 4. In 5 present of cases where such a judgment cannot immediately be reached, the proper decision will become apparent after a few days or weeks of basic treatment, observing the patient’s progress. (L54)
BOOK3 Unit5 However, undoubtedly if either side requires to ask a “neutral” third side for help (which is usually a government official or a lawyer), the life- death decision-making progress will not only take more time but also be less reasonable and less sympathetic in many cases. 5. But there is no question that if either party insists on bringing in a so-called “neutral” third party (usually some representative of the state or legal profession), not only will the process take longer, in many instances it will be more arbitrary and less sympathetic. (L58) 可是毫无疑问，如果任何一方坚持要有所谓 “ 中立 ” 的第三方（通常是政府代表或职业律师）介入，那 不但会拖长决策过程，而且在很多时候，决定还会 更加武断，更加不人道。
Word Using Old to New Chinese to English
BOOK3 Unit5 refuse impractical unsuccessful, useless pull, take back advice, suggestion no doubt, obvious private, personal appear, arrive deny theoretical vain withdraw recommendation transparent intimate come along I. Old to New
BOOK3 Unit5 患中风 右撇子 棘手的问题 安详死去 十四天，两周 常识 生死攸关的决定 suffer a stroke right-handed a tough question die a peaceful death/ die peacefully fortnight common sense life-death decision II. Chinese to English
BOOK3 Unit5 1. condemn (L16) vt. criticize strongly, usu. for moral reasons Ⅲ. Word Using Translation 在这篇文章中作者用最严厉的语言谴责了 种族主义。 Key The author condemned racism in the strongest language in this article.
BOOK3 Unit5 1. condemn ( L16) vt. criticize strongly, usu. for moral reasons condemn sb. to ① make sb. take or accept sth. unpleasant e.g. His broken leg condemned him to a wheelchair.
BOOK3 Unit5 1. condemn (L16) vt. criticize strongly, usu. for moral reasons condemn sb. to ② punish sb.with sth. e.g. condemned cell 幽禁死刑犯的牢房 condemn a murderer to life imprisonment 判凶手无期徒刑
BOOK3 Unit5 1. condemn (L16) vt. criticize strongly, usu. for moral reasons condemn sb./sth. for have a poor opinion of sb. or sth. Because of sth. bad e.g. The city was condemned for its high crime rate. 这座城市因犯罪率高而遭到谴责。
BOOK3 Unit5 2. fight off (L20) keep sth.away with effort; struggle to prevent sth. unwanted Key I must wear warm clothes, as I am fighting off this cold. Translation我在抵御感冒，所以得穿得暖和些。
BOOK3 Unit5 2. fight off (L20) keep sth.away with effort; struggle to prevent sth. unwanted e.g. I tried to fight against sleep, but in vain. 我努力想不睡着，可就是办不到。
BOOK3 Unit5 3. hell (L21) go to hell 下地狱 be in hell 在地狱 n. ① 地狱 n. ② an extremely unpleasant or difficult place, situation or experience e.g. We gave the enemy hell. 我们让敌人吃尽苦头。
BOOK3 Unit5 3. hell (L21) n. ③ used as a swear-word to show anger or surprise or to make emphasis for the hell of itfor no particular reason hell-catspiteful or furious person 恶人；泼辣的人
BOOK3 Unit5 3. hell (L21) n. ③ used as a swear-word to show anger or surprise or to make emphasis Translation 1. Oh hell, I’ve missed the last train. 2. What’s the hell do you want? 3. How the hell can I go there?
BOOK3 Unit5 Translation 由于失业的人很多，现在很难找到工 作。 4. come by (L34) ① obtain, usu. by effort Key Jobs are hard to come by with so many people out of work.
BOOK3 Unit5 3. come by (L34) ② get; receive by accident or chance Translation你手臂上的伤是怎么弄的？ Key How did you come by that wound in your arm?
BOOK3 Unit5 Euthanasia (mercy killing) should be legalized Euthanasia should not be legalized VS