Presentation on theme: "The Heroine’s Journey In World Myth and Popular Literature."— Presentation transcript:
The Heroine’s Journey In World Myth and Popular Literature
Campbell's Model: The Hero's Journey My Model: The Heroine's Journey World of Common Day Call To Adventure Call To Adventure- A Desire to Reconnect with the Feminine Refusal of The Call Supernatural Aid The Ruthless Mentor & Bladeless Talisman Crossing The First Threshold Belly of the Whale Crossing the First Threshold: Opening One’s Senses Road of Trials Sidekicks, Trials, Adversaries Meeting With The Goddess Woman as Temptress Marriage to the Animus, Confronting the Powerless Father Atonement with The Father Apotheosis Atonement with the Mother. Apotheosis through the Feminine The Ultimate Boon Reward: Winning the Family The Magic Flight Magic Flight Reinstating the Family Master of the Two Worlds Power over Life and Death
Common Day The tale begins in the humdrum world of kitchen chores and powerlessness. Often the heroine lives with an absent mother and brutal stepmother. More than anything, the girl longs for an escape, an adventure. Here the story begins. “I wish to Heaven I was married," she said resentfully as she attacked the yams with loathing. "I'm tired of everlastingly being unnatural and never doing anything I want to do. I'm tired of acting like I don't eat more than a bird, and walking when I want to run and saying I feel faint after a waltz, when I could dance for two days and never get tired. I'm tired of saying, 'How wonderful you are!' to fool men who haven't got one- half the sense I've got, and I'm tired of pretending I don't know anything, so men can tell me things and feel important while they're doing it... I can't eat another bite.” ― Scarlett O’Hara, Gone With the Wind
Call to Adventure Without a catalyst, Cinderella might remain in her kitchen forever. Some event, either a chance at freedom and happiness or a devastating act of destruction propels the heroine from her place of safety and into the frightening world of the spirit.
Call to Adventure Andersen’s The Wild Swans When her father saw her, he was much shocked, and declared she was not his daughter… Then poor Eliza wept, and thought of her eleven brothers, who were all away. Sorrowfully, she stole away from the palace, and walked, the whole day, over fields and moors, till she came to the great forest. She knew not in what direction to go; but she was so unhappy, and longed so for her brothers, who had been, like herself, driven out into the world, that she was determined to seek them. From the great heaven Inana set her mind on the great below. My mistress abandoned heaven, abandoned earth, and descended to the underworld. Mary Lennox is sent to Misselthwaite Manor because her family has died of cholera. This propels her into the gothic magic of the moor and her quest for the Secret Garden.
Refusing the Call Here, the hero is faced with the unknown. By contrast, home represents safety and security, a place the child is loathe to leave. Being royal loses a lot of its glamor once it actually happens to you. Mia, The Princess Diaries
Refusing the Call Sleeping Beauty “During puberty, sleep is the refuge in which an adolescent girl can absorb the new sense of herself that she gains from the prick of the spindle, and changes from girl to woman: a transformation more radical than from boy to man.” –Joan Gould, Spinning Straw into Gold Brunhilda Rapunzel Dreamer of Malta
Hero Heroes quest to defeat the Dark Lord and rule as the High King
…and Heroine The heroine quests to save loved ones, a quest as dangerous as any journey of the hero.
Modern Questors "You helpless? Heaven help the Yankees if they catch you." Rhett Butler "My dear master," I answered, "I am Jane Eyre: I have found you out--I am come back to you…I told you I am independent, sir, as well as rich: I am my own mistress.“ "And you will stay with me?“ "Certainly--unless you object. I will be your neighbour, your nurse, your housekeeper. I find you lonely: I will be your companion-- to read to you, to walk with you, to sit with you, to wait on you, to be eyes and hands to you. Cease to look so melancholy, my dear master; you shall not be left desolate, so long as I live." "Oh, Anne, do come quick," implored Diana nervously. "Minnie May is awful sick--she's got croup. Young Mary Joe says--and Father and Mother are away to town and there's nobody to go for the doctor. Minnie May is awful bad and Young Mary Joe doesn't know what to do--and oh, Anne, I'm so scared!" […] "Don't cry, Di," said Anne cheerily. "I know exactly what to do for croup. You forget that Mrs. Hammond had twins three times. When you look after three pairs of twins you naturally get a lot of experience. They all had croup regularly. Just wait till I get the ipecac bottle-- you mayn't have any at your house. Come on now."
Ruthless Mentor, Bladeless Talisman While heroes almost always receive a sword (wand, lightsaber…) from their kindly old mentor, girls walk away with household objects. All of the heroines accomplish their quests without violence, needing cleverness and fortitude more than Excalibur. Actions in the so- called “women’s domain” frequently save the men and allow the heroines to accomplish their goals.
Threshold The heroine must surrender her reliance on logic and willingly enter the world of emotion and fantasy.
Sidekicks, Trials, Adversaries Animal helpers and advisers generally represent part of the heroine’s psyche, pointing out things she doesn’t notice and teaching her how to outwit her adversary. They guide her along her path, bolstering her courage when the quest seems daunting.
Prince Charming: The World of Eros In the game of love, the hero and heroine each view their partner as a shapeshifter. This “other half” they must cleave to like themselves has frightening mood swings and unpredictable desires. Physically, the two people are opposites, with contrasting desires and emotions. Hence, many tales appear about enticing swan maidens from the sea or taming beastly monsters into Prince Charmings.
Prince Charming: The World of Eros Shimchong, The Blindman's Daughter (Korea) The Brahman Girl who Married a Tiger (India) Bull-of-all-the-Land (Jamaica) Pretty Polly (Appalachian America) Egle, Queen of Serpents (Lithuania) Eros and Psyche (Greece) The Lizard Husband (Indonesia). Monkey Son-in-Law (Japan) The Princess and the Pig (Turkey) The Frog Prince (Germany) Bluebeard (France) The Green Serpent (Italy) The Frog Prince (Sri Lanka)
Descent into Death The heroine descends into the realm of darkness toward initiation and wisdom, seeking her own elusive dark side. There she will find her greatest challenge…herself.
Descent into Death The Awakening by Kate Chopin Madame Ratignolle was in the salon, whither she had strayed in her suffering impatience. She sat on the sofa, clad in an ample white peignoir, holding a handkerchief tight in her hand with a nervous clutch. Her face was drawn and pinched, her sweet blue eyes haggard and unnatural. … Edna began to feel uneasy. She was seized with a vague dread. Her own like experiences seemed far away, unreal, and only half remembered. She recalled faintly an ecstasy of pain, the heavy odor of chloroform, a stupor which had deadened sensation, and an awakening to find a little new life to which she had given being, added to the great unnumbered multitude of souls that come and go. Jo never left her for an hour since Beth had said "I feel stronger when you are here." She slept on a couch in the room, waking often to renew the fire, to feed, lift, or wait upon the patient creature who seldom asked for anything, and `tried not to be a trouble'. All day she haunted the room, jealous of any other nurse, and prouder of being chosen then than of any honor her life ever brought her. Precious and helpful hours to Jo, for now her heart received the teaching that it needed. It was the first time Scarlett had ever been ill, except when she had her babies, and somehow those times did not count. She had not been forlorn and frightened then, as she was now, weak and pain racked and bewildered. She knew she was sicker than they dared tell her, feebly realized that she might die. From my seat by the window I could see the Fen river with its muddy brown waters. I thought about throwing my body into this river…I wiped my eyes and looked in the mirror. I was surprised at what I saw. I had on a beautiful red dress, but what I saw was even more valuable. I was strong. I was pure. -An-Mei Hsu, The Joy Luck Club
Atonement with the Mother Like the witch-queen of Snow White, the Terrible Mother is enraged that she is no longer fairest in the kingdom. Therefore, she plots the destruction of the heroine. Our heroine descends to the darkest place of all, and there, confronts her. She will fight me, because this is the nature of two tigers. But I will win and give her my spirit, because this is the way a mother loves her daughter. Ying-Ying, The Joy Luck Club
Villains: The Child-Killer The witch is anti-life, killer of children. She freezes the world into sterility, forbidding growth or change. Frequently, she is the Jungian shadow for the young questor. Llorona, Mexico Condenado, South America Medea, Greece Houmea, Maori Lilith, Jewish (pictured) Baba Yaga, Russia (pictured)
Reward Triumphant, the heroine wins what she has sought for so long. She snatches her lover from the Fairie Queen’s horse, or saves her child from certain death. She may find the brief romance she’s sought for so long. Still, the quest has not ended, until she returns safely home. "The diamond mines," Mr. Carmichael repeated, and he could not help adding, with a rather sly, unlawyer-like smile, "There are not many princesses, Miss Minchin, who are richer than your little charity pupil, Sara Crewe, will be. Mr. Carrisford has been searching for her for nearly two years; he has found her at last, and he will keep her."
Mastering Life and Death To achieve the greatest success, the heroine becomes a queen or “goddess” herself, a teacher or leader. Now understanding the strength of death and suffering, cruelty and power as well as kindness, she achieves enormous power and becomes a guardian for the next generation. Jo never knew how it happened, but something got into that story that went straight to the hearts of those who read it, for when her family had laughed and cried over it, her father sent it, much against her will, to one of the popular magazines, and to her utter surprise, it was not only paid for, but others requested. […] "I don't understand it. What can there be in a simple little story like that to make people praise it so?" she said, quite bewildered. "There is truth in it, Jo, that's the secret. Humor and pathos make it alive, and you have found your style at last. You wrote with not thoughts of fame and money, and put your heart into it, my daughter. You have had the bitter, now comes the sweet. Do your best, and grow as happy as we are in your success."