Presentation on theme: "Child Abuse and Neglect"— Presentation transcript:
1 Child Abuse and Neglect Module 1:___________ Child Abuse and Neglect
2 Your Role in Identifying Child Abuse and Neglect It is important for you to learn about this subject. Child abuse and neglect occurs in all socio-economic ____________ as well as in __________________________ . It is more prevalent than you may think, and you may be the only person in a position to intervene. You have not only a __________ obligation to intervene, but ____________ obligation to report it.For more information about child abuse and neglect, you can call the Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence at or the Florida Council Against Sexual Violence at to be connected to a local hotline.
3 Child Abuse and Neglect Quiz 1. Three children die of child abuse in the home in the United States eacha) Year b) Day c) Week d) Month2. How many people report child abuse when faced with an actual situation?a) 3/4 b) 1/2 c) 1/33. What is the single, leading cause of death for children ages four and younger?a) Drowning b) Motor vehicle accidentsc) Child abuse and neglect d) Choking on foode) Residential fires f) Suffocationg) Falls4. On average, child abuse is reported somewhere in the United States everya) 10 seconds b) 20 minutes c) Hour
4 5. Strangers pose the greatest risk of sexual abuse to children. a) True b) False6. Child molesters get their sexual gratification only from children.a) True b) False7. The average age that child molesters first attack a child is when they (the attackers) are:a) In their early 20s b) Middle-aged c) In their teens8. Which of the following actions can help stop child abuse and neglect?a) Helping a stressed-out parent by baby-sitting, making a meal for their family or lending an understanding ear.b) Learning the signs and symptoms of child abuse so you can recognize them when you see the “red flags.”c) Reporting known or suspected child abuse to the police or local child protective services agency.d) All of the above.
6 Types of Child Abuse This is an example of __________________: For the 3rd time this week Kevin got mud all over his clothes while he was playing outside. This made Kevin’s mother Shelby mad. She thought that putting him in hot bath water would punish him for the dirty clothes. He cried about taking a bath and cried even more when he was put in the bathtub with scalding hot water. Shelby kept her hand on Kevin’s shoulder. Every time he tried to get out of the water, Shelby would push him down. Shelby didn’t notice the scald marks until after the bath was over.
7 Examples of Physical Abuse __________ a child with hot water.Slapping, _______, shaking or shoving a childBeating with a belt, shoe or other objectPulling a child’s __________________ a child with a lighter, matches, cigarettes, iron, etc_________ a child’s bonesLocking a child in a closet or similar type of __________ or imprisonmentPainful ___________ such as kneeling orstanding for long periods of time
8 Types of Child Abuse Another type of child abuse is ________: Casey has been at your facility for 3 years. He has been known to lie on several occasions. He comes from a family that has a wonderful reputation in the community. One day Casey is crying. When you ask him what is wrong he tells you that his dad made him take his clothes off and then he took a lot of pictures of him. Casey said Dad told him not to tell anyone about the pictures. He said Dad told him this was their special secret.
9 Examples of Sexual Abuse Using a child in ___________Having intercourse or ________ with a child________ a child’s genitalsHaving sex in front of a childHaving a child ______ another person’s genitals________ pornographic material to a child
10 Types of Child Abuse A third type of abuse is __________. Latoya is quiet and shy child. Lately she has been talking even less. One day she was in the housekeeping area when a cup was accidentally broken by one of the children. Latoya started crying. When you asked what was wrong she told you it reminded her of when she broke her dad’s favorite cup one time. She said now her dad tells her every morning, when she is eating breakfast, that he doesn’t want her around any more because she is bad and is too much trouble. When you ask if Dad hurts her she says no.
11 Examples of Emotional Abuse Conveying messages that a child is worthless, _________ or unloved___________ a child__________ domestic violenceDemeaning, ridiculing or __________ a childNot allowing the child to have _______Name callingNot letting a child eat, drink or use the _________
12 _______ to ______ Can be an outcome of ___________ _______________________________________________________________________________________This can cause an infant/child’s weight to drop to _____________ ___________.
13 Key PointThere are three types of child abuse: ________, ________, and _________.
14 ______ Baby ________ A specific type of _____________. Caused by someone _____________ ________________________________________________________Infants have ________ neck muscles, growing brains, and thin skulls.
15 Shaken Baby Syndrome What can shaking a baby or young child cause? What can you do to prevent Shaken Baby Syndrome?How can you cope with a crying baby or child?
16 Examples of _____ ________ Leaving a child __________Leaving a child in a place that is ____ _____Lack of ___________Not providing _______, clothing or shelter for a childNot providing necessary __________ attention for a childNot providing appropriate ___________Not providing protection from __________
17 Child Neglect your families from the first day they enter Failure to provide ___________________________ ________________________________________ for a child is considered neglect. Withholding these things can cause a child to not function normally in performance and behavior. Sometimes withholding things can also be child abuse. The difference between abuse and neglect is that if an adult _____________ withholds food, shelter or any other necessity as a punishment, then it is abuse, but if things are withheld by circumstance or lack of ___________, care, or education, then it is an act of neglect. Both ______ and _______ are crimes and violations of children’s human rights. It is important for your program to offer parents information on resources in your community in an effort to prevent neglect before it occurs. Be proactive – work withyour families from the first day they enteryour program.
18 Key PointFailure to provide support, acceptance, attention, warmth, supervision and normal living experience (such as water, food, clothing, housing, and protection) for a child is considered _________.
19 Different types of abuse and neglect have observable indicators or signs. These are behavioral and physical indicators.-__________ signs are observable in the way a child acts.-________ signs are observable in the appearance of a child.You should understand that ____________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
20 Physical Abuse Indicators physical behavioral Unexplained _______ or weltsUnexplained _____Unexplained ______ bonesUnexplained lacerations or _________Domestic violence____ of adult contactApprehensive when other children ____Behavioral extremes:_________ or withdrawnFrightened of parents______ to go homeReports injury by parentsEasily ________Shows anxiety about normal activities
21 Physical Neglect Indicators physical behavioral Consistent ______, poor hygiene, inappropriate dressConsistent lack of ___________, especially in dangerous activities over long periods of timeUnattended physical problems or _______ needs__________________, stealing foodExtended stays at schoolConstant _______, listlessness or falling asleep in class_______ or drug abuse__________ (thefts)States there is no caregiver
22 Emotional/NeglectIndicators physical behavioral ______ and language disordersLags in ________ development_______ to thriveHabit disorders_______ disordersNeurotic traitsPsychoneurotic reactionsBehavior ________Overly adaptive behavior_____________ lagsSelf destructive behavior or attempted _______
23 Sexual Abuse Indicators physical behavioral Withdrawal, fantasy or _________ behavior_______, sophisticated, or unusual sexual behavior or knowledgePoor ____ relationshipsDelinquency or runawayReports ______ assault__________ in walking/sittingTorn, shredded, stained or bloody underclothing____ or itching in genital area_______ or bleeding in external genitalia, vaginal or anal areas, mouth or throat
24 Key PointThere are observable ________ and __________ indicators associated with abuse and neglect.
25 Interaction with Child & Family ________ and __________ indicators are one way to identify child abuse & neglect. Talking and listening to children and families is another method of helping you recognize abuse & neglect. A great deal of important information can be gathered from _____________ with parents or children.
26 Interaction with Child and Family What are some examples of things that could be shared with you or talked about that could help you recognize signs of abuse or neglect?
27 Caregiver talking to Child about Abuse DO’s:_______ what the child tells youBe someone the child ______ & respectsConduct the ____________ in a quiet, private & non-threatening placeGather enough information to make an informed report to the Abuse HotlineReassure the child that he/she has done _______ wrongAllow the child to tell you what happened in a free & open mannerLet the child set the pace & use language that is comfortable to themAsk child to clarify __________ terms
28 DON’Ts: Ask _______ questions or suggest answers to the child Ask for details (investigator’s job)Suggest that the story may not be trueShow ____ language such as shock, anger or surprise while the child is talkingCommunicate feelings of _____, anger or surpriseForce child to remove clothing to show signs of physical abuseLeave the child alone with a ________Ask “____” questions
29 Key Point____________ with children and families provides information that may help the caregiver in recognizing possible cases of abuse and/or neglect.
30 #1:You are a caregiver for 4-year olds #1:You are a caregiver for 4-year olds. You have known one of the boys in your class & his family for about 6 months. The mother is divorced & is raising the boy and his older sister by herself. The father sees the children once in a while. The mother dates & leaves the boy at night with his older sister to supervise him. Lately, the boy has been coming to school with various cuts & bruises. Each time you ask his mother about the marks she explains what has happened. Today the child came to your program with what looks like cigarette burns on his right leg. He also has a fresh bruise on his arm. When you try to ask him about it, he will not talk to you. He seems very withdrawn.
31 #2: You are a caregiver and one day one of your 3-year olds comes to your program limping. You ask the child what happened and if you could see what is hurting her. She says that she has been very bad and starts to cry.
32 #3: A child in your program has had a recent personality change #3: A child in your program has had a recent personality change. He has become very quiet and rarely speaks to adults. One day he complains of his arm hurting. He rolls up his sleeves & shows you what appears to be finger marks from a very hard slap. You ask him how it happened & he tells you that his father slapped him. You ask the child where else he had been slapped & he shows you his back with many old marks. You bring the child to the Director & the Director says that it may have been an accident & that the father probably did not mean to hurt the child. The Director refuses to call child abuse or to deal with it since the father is a lawyer and the Director is afraidof a lawsuit against the school.
33 #4:You are a cook in a child care facility #4:You are a cook in a child care facility. There is a very sweet child who has a slight smile on his face each time you smile at him. You notice that for a number of weeks now he has brought nothing but a small butter-bread sandwich for lunch. He has no fruit or other food in his lunch. His is extremely thin & you observe that he never buys milk sold to the school but instead has only water in his cup. The mother, who always comes to the facility with fancy clothes & jewelry, has consistently ignored your inquiries into providing a more balanced meal for the child. The mother claims that he is a picky eater. You have offered him food occasionally when you have extra. He seems grateful when you do this & gobbles the food down.
34 #5: When you change an infant’s diaper, you notice a yellow discharge & unhealthy odor. You report your observations to the parent that evening. The parent says it is nothing. You notice that same symptoms the rest of the week, write an incident report & suggest to the parents that a doctor look at the infant. The parent replies that money is not available & it will probably clear up soon. The following week you notice the same symptoms and report it to your Director, who speaks to the parents & insists on medical treatment. Nothing happens this week.
35 #6: A coworker at your child care program just went through a divorce and is having financial problems. Over the last week, you heard her yelling in her classroom and several of the children crying. You approach her about it & she says that the children were just misbehaving. Today a little boy from her class approaches you in tears & says that she made him stand in the dark closet for a long time.
36 Risk factors of Child Abuse and Neglect Child Risk Factors:Parental/Family Risk Factors:Social/Environmental Risk Factors:
37 Key PointThere are child, ______ and _____________ factors that place children at risk for abuse and/or neglect.
39 Child Abuse and Neglect The effects of child abuse and neglect can be serious and permanently affect children’s ________, __________, and ___________ development. Recent scientific studies of the brain reveal that the first years of a child’s life are critical to development. A child must receive adequate ___________ to ensure that nerve cells in the brain develop fully. Negative experiences, like _______ or ________, are extremely detrimental in early years. The effects of abuse on a child can begin before a mother even gives birth.
40 Child Abuse and Neglect Experiences throughout childhood can ________________________ that may cause a child to respond with __________ or ___________ to stressful or frustrating situations. The physical and emotional consequences of child abuse and neglect affect the child, family, caregiver, community and society.
41 Physical and Emotional Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect on Children __________________________________
42 Physical & Emotional Effects of Child Abuse/Neglect on the Family _____________________________________
43 Physical & Emotional Effects of Child Abuse/Neglect on Caregivers __________________________________________________________________________Not trained to deal with ___________________Heartbreaking to __________________ the children you know_____________________________________________________________ about what to do
44 Physical & Emotional Effects of Child Abuse/Neglect on Society Poor ______________________ skillsPoor _____________ interaction skillsSocial withdrawal – ______________________________________________ of abuse/neglectCulture continues to _____________________ as a part of lifeHigher _________ and _________ service costsLost human potentialIncreased ___________________
45 Key PointThe effects of child abuse and neglect can be __________ and permanent to a child’s mental, physical and emotional ___________; but they can find healing and recover.
46 Strengthening Factors to Prevent Child Abuse & Neglect Nurturing & Attachment:Knowledge of Parenting & of child and youth development:Parental Resilience:Social Connections:Concrete Supports for Parents:
47 Working with Abused and Neglected Children Children who have been abused may not _______ other people. Their experiences have shown them that getting close to people and trusting them causes discomfort and pain.These children need a close one-to-one relationship to develop and grow normally. They often _________ warmth, hugs and affection at first.They may be _______ in one or more areas of their development (motor, speech, and behavior.)Their behavior may be at one of ______ extremes: difficult to manage, destructive and irritable, or unusually shy and anxious to please.Abused and neglected children have very poor _____________. Important adults in their lives have had unrealistic expectations for these children, and they often are led to believe that they caused their own abuse._________ of abused children may feel that you are a threat. They may be hostile and ungrateful toward you since they feel jealous, in competition, inadequate, or afraid you will learn their secrets and report them.
48 Key PointIt takes understanding, ________, and skill to work with abused and _________ children.
49 Child Abuse and Neglect Module 2: Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect
50 Mandatory Reporters _____ – Any person, including, but not limited to, any:a) _____________, osteopathic physician, medical examiner, chiropractic physician, _______, or hospital personnel engaged in the admission, examination, care, or treatment of persons;b) _____________ or mental health professional other than (one listed in paragraph a);c) practitioner who relies solely on spiritual means for healing;d) _____________or other school official or personnel;e) _______________, ________________ worker, or other professional child care provider, foster care, residential, or institutional worker;f) law enforcement officer;g) ___________ who knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, that a child is abused, abandoned, or neglected by a parent, legalcustodian, caregiver, or person responsible for thechild’s welfare shall report such knowledge orsuspicion to the department (DCF) in the mannerprescribed in subsection (2) of
51 Mandatory ReportersSome occupations are specified in __________ ______ as required to do so.These occupations are considered “mandatory reporters.”A mandatory reporter is required by Florida Statute to provide his or her ____ to the Florida Abuse Hotline Counselor when reporting.A mandatory reporter’s name is entered into the record of the report but is held ____________.
53 Key PointChild care workers are required by law to _______ suspected child abuse and/or neglect.
54 Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect As a child care provider it is your duty and your ________________________ according to Chapter 39 F.S. to report any ______________ case of child abuse or neglect. You don’t have to prove anything. That is the Investigator’s job. You should report that you _____________ abuse or neglect to have occurred.
55 Four Ways to Report Abuse and Neglect TelephoneFaxTDD (telephone device for the deaf)Online __________________________1-800-___________________________
56 Key PointThe four ways abuse and neglect reports can be made to the Florida ______ ________ are: telephone, fax, TDD, and online.
57 Report FormThe law specifies that reports must be submitted when the individual “___________” or “________ _________________________ to believe” that abuse or neglect has taken place.On the form: the __________ personal information; information on the child & other children in the household; information on ________ person responsible; details of behavioral/physical indicators; details of what was told to you by the child; etc
58 Filling Out the Report Form One of the children in your program, John, arrives one morning with a black eye. He is normally cheerful and animated, but today he is acting more quiet than usual. When questioned in the morning he tells you that he fell off his bike the previous day. Later in the day you hear him telling a co-worker that he fell down some stairs. John lives with his father, Ben, and an older brother, Steve. Steve is in high school and plays on the football team. John’s father is a mason and works very long hours. He is often in a hurry when he drops John off in the morning and picks him up in the afternoon.
60 Key PointFlorida law ensures that ____________ will be maintained for child care workers reporting suspected cases of child abuse and/or neglect.
61 Accusations of Child Abuse and Neglect Don’t become _______________.Cooperate fully and _____________ with authorities.Get statements from colleagues about your _____________.Know the ___________ related to abuse and neglect.Talk to a lawyer to ensure your rights and those of family members and helpers.Remember that ____________________________ you have put in place such as your discipline procedures and incident reports will help you.Work with your director and _________________ to handle the impact of the accusation on the school, other parents and students.
62 Agencies/Resources Child Protective Services (CPS): Department of Children & Families:Law Enforcement & State Attorney’s Offices:
63 Agencies/Resources Medical Programs & Community Agencies: Legal Agencies:Communities:Individuals:
64 Key PointThere are local community __________ that provide _____ for the abused and the abuser.
65 Do’s and Don’ts for Caregivers (See separate chart at end of note packet for do’s & don’ts)
66 Key PointA good __________ for information is the Department of Children and Families child _________ website:
67 Video: “Child Abuse & Neglect: A Prevention & Reporting Guide for Caregivers Write 3 important points from the video.