IRELAND LOCATION: North-Western Europe CAPITAL CITY: Dublin PATRON SAINT: St. Patrick SYMBOLS : the Shamrock, the Harp
the highest peak : Carrauntoohill (1,041 mt) Coasts are lined with high cliffs of solid rock the longest river: the Shannon
PEOPLE Northern Ireland 1.7 million inhabitants Population density : 119 per sqkm Capital city: Belfast (400,000 people) The Irish Republic 4 million inhabitants Population density: 50 per sqkm Capital city: Dublin, (1 million people) the only large city. Population living: 60% in cities 40% in small rural towns and villages PEOPLE
Emigration a major problem (before the 1990s and now!!!): people leaving their country for better job opportunities. In the 1990s : significant immigration from Eastern Europe and Africa (economic boom) 2 official languages: English and Gaelic. Everybody speaks English
Parliamentary Democracy with a President elected by people Irish parliament: House of Representives, called Dail Eireann Senate, called Seanad Eireann Political system Irish Parliament :
Ireland has a mixed economic system. I RISH E CONOMY
Important industries : food products, whisky and brewing, textiles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, computers and software. NOT rich in mineral resources but some copper, lead and natural gas. 1995 to 2007 : a period of very high economic growth. In 2005: the best quality of life in the world.
global recession: strong impact on the Irish economy Now (2014): : very deep crisis. the 1st country in the EU to officially enter the recession related to the financial crisis of 2008. Ireland: 2nd highest level of household debt in the world. Unemployment : 12%.
TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN one of the oldest, most prestigious educational institution in Ireland. Founded by Elizabeth I in 1592. Up to 18th century : reserved to Protestants. 1793 : Catholics were admitted too. 1904: women admitted One of the most famous students : Oscar Wilde.
Trinity College: in the centre of Dublin; one of the most popular tourist attractions. quiet collegial atmosphere; only a few public entrances; A compact design : buildings looking inwards and arranged in large quadrangles (called "squares”). 3 faculties: Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences; Engineering, Mathematics and Sciences; Health Sciences. Each faculty: divided into 25 schools offering degree and diploma courses at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
largest library in Ireland; legal deposit library for Ireland and the UK Over 4.5 million books and significant manuscripts, maps and printed music. The Long Room (65 meter long): the main chamber of the Old Library; It contains 200,000 of the library oldest books. OLD LIBRARY at TRINITY COLLEGE
Book of Kells in display in the Old Library at Trinity College Dublin Ʊ The 4 Gospels in Latin based on a Vulgate text Ʊ Written on vellum. Ʊ Found in the scriptorium of a monastery founded around 561 on Iona. Ʊ In 806, Viking raid Ʊ Book saved in a new monastery at Kells Ʊ Origins?
Kilmainham Gaol Irish prison built in 1796 many famous leaders of the Easter Rising, 24 April 1916, imprisoned and executed here ( Robert Hemmet, Eamon de Valera…) closed in 1924 because a symbol of oppression and suffering. Now a museum and used as a movie set : “The Italian job” (1969) and “In the name of the father” (1993)
“An old photo that represents the desperation of a prisoner locked in a cell in Kilmainham Gaol”
GUINNESS Arthur Guinness started the company in 1759 making a beer which was totally different from other brands. located at St. James's Gate, Dublin. Its main feature: a burnt flavour derived from roasted unmalted barley still the best-selling alcoholic drink in Ireland.
Arthur signed a lease of 45£ a year for 9000 years 1,2 million barrels a year 10000 people working for Guinness Biggest beer seller all over the world Half of all pints in Ireland are Guinness pints There are 198 calories in a pint of Guinness Guinness makes almost €2 billion annualy Perfect pour takes 119,5 seconds at a 45 degree angle. Guinness storehouse is Ireland’s number 1 visitor attraction 1950 Guinness sent a bottle of his beer to the British troops in France for Christmas Ten sips of history
4°D R.I.M. in Dublin 5 th – 12 th April 2014 “My Goodness – My Guinness” was a very popular advertisement in 2001.
Molly Malone Molly Malone: a popular song, an anthem of Dublin City. Molly: a beautiful fishmonger on the streets of Dublin who died young of a fever. Nobody could save her. Her statue: at the bottom of Grafton Street.
Molly Malone’s song lyrics In Dublin's fair city, where the girls are so pretty, I first set my eyes on sweet Molly Malone, As she wheeled her wheel-barrow, Through streets broad and narrow, Crying cockles and mussels, alive, alive, oh! Alive, alive, oh, Alive, alive, oh, Crying cockles and mussels, alive, alive, oh. She was a fishmonger, And sure 'twas no wonder, For so were her father and mother before, And they both wheeled their barrow, Through streets broad and narrow, Crying cockles and mussels, alive, alive, oh! She died of a fever, And no one could save her, And that was the end of sweet Molly Malone. Now her ghost wheels her barrow, Through streets broad and narrow, Crying cockles and mussels, alive, alive, oh!
Two different kinds : Set Dancing: based on French quadrilles, adapted by the Irish with their steps and their music. Step Dancing: the most famous It evolved between the 18th and 19th century thanks to travelling Irish Dancing masters. Danced in a limited space, old-style dancers dance with arms loosely at their sides. Irish dancing
Celtic music : a big number of musical genres. Its origins: Celtic people of Western Europe. Topics: heroes from Irish mythology, gods, magic and warriors who died fighting (typical of a warrior society). Celtic Rock: folk rock + Celtic music, instrumentation and themes. Irish music
James Joyce born in Dublin in 1882. Education: a Jesuit School, then University College, Dublin lived in Trieste, Paris and Zurich died in Zurich in 1941.
Chamber music : collection of poems. Dubliners: a collection of 15 stories about ordinary people living in Dublin. A portrait of the artist as a young man: his first semi-autobiographical novel. Exiles: naturalistic drama. Ulysses: Leopold Bloom’s adventures in Dublin on one day. Finnegan’s Wake: his last work, impossible to understand!!!!!. Joyce’s works
Dubliners CHILDHOOD 1.The Sisters 2.An Encounter 3.Araby ADOLESCENCE 1.Eveline 2.After the Race 3.Two GallIants 4.The Boarding House MATURITY 1.A Little Cloud 2.Counterparts 3.Clay 4.A Painfull Case PUBLIC LIFE 1.Ivy Day in the Committee Room 2.A Mother 3.Grace 4.The Dead
James Joyce walking in Dublin with one of his greatest fan!
The End Ramon Politi, Guenda Montanari, Giulia Maiocchi, Navjot Singh, Martina Manfrin, Faiza Bashir, Matteo Rehheiser, Francesca Rondini, Abir Lyamni, Paola Primavori. Presentation by Ramon Politi. Music and Effects by Matteo Rehheiser Slides by